Amos Bronson Alcott

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Amos Bronson Alcott

America 1799 – 1888

Comments: Transcendentalist; Freemason; abolitionist; women's rights; early vegan; "Pythagorean diet"; war resister; Completely impractical Utopian, supported by his wife then his famous daughter; Early educator; Social activist; his educational philosophy was that children are not merely poorly behaved small adults, but their mind develops over time;


Teachers: Pythagoras; Jemima Wilkinson AKA The Universal Friend AKA the "Publick Universal Friend", Quaker founder; Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, educator; Friedrich Fröbel; Johann Friedrich Herbart; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Charles Fourier; Jean Marc Gaspard Itard ; Edouard Seguin; Friedrich Fröbel; Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi; Jakob Bohme; Emanuel Swedenborg;


Students; Henry David Thoreau; Simone de Beauvoir; Betty Friedan; Rita Mae Brown; Shalamith (Shuli) Firestone; Robin Morgan; Marilyn Webb; Ti-Grace Atkinson; Susan Brownmiller; Maria Montessori; James Dewey; William Heard Kilpatrick; Jean Piaget; Rabindranath Tagore; Otto Mühl of Friedrichshof community;


Friends: Ralph Waldo Emerson; Abby May, wife; Louisa May Alcott, daughter, author of Little Women and a hysterical memoir of the Fruitland Commune experiment; cousin Seth Thomas, clockmaker for whom Thomaston, Ct is named; Reuben Haines; William Russell ; William Ellery Channing; Justice Lemuel Shaw; Boston mayor Josiah Quincy, Jr.; Nathaniel Hawthorne, gothic and horror writer; Sophia Peabody Hawthorne; Elizabeth Palmer Peabody; Mary Tyler Peabody Mann; Horace Mann; Margaret Fuller; Reverend James Freeman Clarke ; Orestes Brownson; Theodore Parker; Charles Lane; Henry C. Wright; Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; Clara Endicott Sears; Julia Ward Howe, who wrote The Battle Hymn of the Republic to the tune of "John Brown's Body", she was the wife of Samuel Gridley Howe, a member of The Secret Six who funded John Brown; Rev. William Weston Patton; The Secret Six were Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Samuel Gridley Howe, Theodore Parker, Franklin Benjamin Sanborn, Gerrit Smith, and George Luther Stearns, all abolitionists trying to free the slaves;


Enemies: Nathan Hale; Joseph T. Buckingham; Harriet Martineau; Herman Melville;

Organizations: Quakers; Fruitlands, a transcendentalist experiment in commune; Transcendental Club; The Brooks School; The Temple School; Concord School of Philosophy, 1882;


Author: New Connecticut; Records of a School; Conversations with Children on the Gospels; Tablets (1868), Concord Days (1872),


Quotes: “The true teacher defends his pupils against his own personal influence” ; “The less of routine, the more of life” ;



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronson_Alcott; http://www.alcott.net/ ; Emerson, Thoreau, and the Transcendentalist Movement lecture series, Professor Ashton Nichols ; Fruitlands today is a museum, see http://www.fruitlands.org/; http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/12/26/surviving-life-in-a-70s-sex-commune.html ;