Ann Radcliffe AKA Ann Ward
England 1764 – 1823
Comments: one of the first writers of Gothic Horror fiction; Emphasized a frightened heroine menaced by an evil villain, many aspects become part of the genre; A Unitarian, her supernatural elements often end up having rational explanations; The terror of her heroines is always resolved by rescue; The aim was to engage passion, imagination and emotion to uplift Spirit, never to horrify;
Teachers: Claude Lorrain, painter; Salvator Rosa, painter; Horace Walpole;
Students: Monk Lewis; Lord Byron; Sir Walter Scott; Marquis de Sade; Mary Wollstonecraft (Shelly); Percy Bysshe Shelley; Victor Hugo; Charles Robert Maturin; Ed Cameron ; Leopold von Sacher-Masoch; Edgar Allan Poe; Lord Dunsany; H. P. Lovecraft; Arthur Machen; Algernon Blackwood; Robert W. Chambers (author: The King in Yellow); Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward AKA Sax Rohmer, creator of Fu Manchu ; Stephen King, Horror writer; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes; Jules Verne; H. G. Wells;Dennis Wheatley; Ambrose Bierce; Nathaniel Hawthorne, gothic and horror writer; Christina Rossetti ; Ruth Facer; Jane Austen; John Keats; Ellen Moers ; Cynthia Griffin Wolff ; Charles Baudelaire; Alexandre Dumas; George du Maurier, author of Trilby, 1894, 1834 – 1896; Gaston Leroux, author of Phantom of the Opera, 1910; William Beckford;
Author: The Castles of Athlin and Dunbayne; Gaston de Blondeville; The Italian; The Mysteries of Udolpho, 1794; The Romance of the Forest; A Sicilian Romance; A Journey Made in the Summer of 1794, through Holland and the Western Frontier of Germany...To Which Are Added Observations of a Tour to the Lakes (1795); "On the Supernatural in Poetry", unfinished;
Typical Quote: "Emily only sighed, while Valancourt proceeded to remonstrate and to entreat with all the energy that love and apprehension could inspire. But, as his imagination magnified to her the possible evils she was going to meet, the mists of her own fancy began to dissipate, and allowed her to distinguish the exaggerated images, which imposed on his reason."
Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ann_Radcliffe; read her here - http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/3268; http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/novel_18c/radcliffe/; or listen instead - http://librivox.org/author/794 ; ; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/trebor-healey/early-gay-literature-redi_b_5373869.html?utm_hp_ref=books&ir=Books on inspiring a Gay Press; http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/06/10/book-bag-the-best-imaginary-castles.html ; Solomon's Secret Arts: The Occult in the Age of Enlightenment by Monod;