Antoine Count de Gébelin

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Antoine Court de Gébelin AKA Antoine Court

France 1719 – 1784

Teachers: Franz Anton Mesmer; Ben Franklin

Students: Eliphas Levi; Papus ; The Comte de Mellet (associated Tarot's 21 trumps and the fool with the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet in 1781); "Etteilla" AKA Jean-Baptiste Alliette; Paul Foster Case; , Monsieur l'abbe Rive; Madam la C. d'H. AKA Madam Helvetius, widow of Claude-Adrien Helvetius the encyclopaedist;

Friends: Louis XVI;

Organizations: Freemasonry; president of the Société Apollonienne, AKA the Musée de Paris;

Author: Histoire naturelle de la parole, ou Précis de l'Origine du Langage & de la Grammaire Universelle ("Natural History of Speech, or a Treatise on the Origins of Language and of Universal Grammar"), 1776; Le Monde primitif, analysé et comparé avec le monde moderne ("The Primeval World, Analyzed and Compared to the Modern World"), volume viii, 1781 contains the 1st modern view of the Tarot; associated Gypsy Tarot with secrets of the Egyptians; its name is composed of two Oriental words, Tar and Rha, Rho, which means "royal road"."

Comments: Tarot; Mesmerism, dies in a Mesmer electric / magnetic bath; Huguenot in Catholic France; supporter of the American Revolution; Freemason, lodge Les Amis Réunis, in 1771, and the lodge Les Neuf Sœurs with Franklin and Voltaire; dictionaries of etymology, a universal grammar, the origins of language; hypothesized about Egyptian religion before any translations were available, the Rosetta stone was not translated by Jean-François Champollion until 1822;