Augustine

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St. Augustine of Hippo AKA Saint Augustine AKA Augustinus AKA St Austin AKA St Augoustinos AKA "the first medieval man and the last classical man"

Algeria / Italy /Algeria 354 - 430 CE

Comments: bishop of Roman province of Hippo Regius (Algeria), 391 ; Early Church Father, how Wiil must triumph over Desire; Neoplatonism; Gnostic; believed in original sin; patron of the Augustinians monasteries, created the "regula" for his monastery ; when the Vandals besieged Hippo, they spared his library; body-soul unity is marriage ; Astrology ; a doctrine of millennialism; ever Virgin Mary as the Mother of God ; the Jews are a special people; anti-Feminist; speculated that SOME, souls, MAYBE, served out punishments both on Earth and in...Purgatory, till they were purged of their sins and ready for Heaven. But thought most people, pretty clear. THIS become the seed of the Plenary Indulgences of the various Medieval Crusades; The original Crusading Bull just promised relief from penitence to THE CHURCH in this life, and made NO MENTION of anyone presuming the Pope could make a deal with God for Indulgences of Heavenly Justice. BUT, that sort of got lost in translation and, depending on the Times, it was either Take back Jerusalem and surrounding areas, help the Byzantine Christians, conquer the Byzantine Christians, Conquer Egypt, and just kill some non Catholic anywhere in Europe or Africa and call it a day; identified the Nephilim/ giants/ Gibor-him with the Children of Seth, Adam's 3rd son; Was a Manichaean Gnostic before becoming a Christian, and many elements of Mani's beliefs become embedded in Christianity because of that influence : predestination of Souls Saved, the Flesh as Sinful, the Devil as a co-Equal adversary to God, all Manichaean Gnostic doctrines;


Teachers: Socrates, whom he called St. Socrates; Jesus; Plotinus; Porphyry; Aristotle ; The Persian prophet Mani of Babylon; Iamblichus; Plato; Hermes Trismegistus; Petrarch; Galen; Manichean Bishop, Faustus of Mileve; Bishop of Milan, Ambrose aka St. Ambrose; Alypius of Thagaste ; Placianus ; Athenagoras ; Hipparchus ; Eratosthene; Cicero the Stoic; Virgil; Valentinus;

Students: Boethius; Saint Irenaeus; Erasmus; Dante Alighieri; ST. Jerome, who wrote the Latin Vulgate; Simon Magus; Bernard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat; Albert Camus; Symmachus; Possidius, bishop of Calama ; Pope Boniface VIII, 1298; Rene Descartes; John Calvin ; Thomas Aquinas; Martin Luther; Kierkegaard; Nietzsche; St. Bernard of Clairvaux; Giordano Bruno; Pliny; Thomas Merton; Francesco Giorgi; Thomas More; Roger Bacon; Raymond Lull; Nicholas of Cusa; Simon Studion; Antoine Joseph Pernety; William Sinclair; Pierre Teilhard de Chardin;William of Ockham; John Duns Scotus ; Bertrand Russell; Dame Frances Yates; Martin Heidegger  ; Hannah Arendt; Jean Bethke Elshtain ; Leo Ruickbie ; Bob Dylan, musician; St. Teresa of Avila (1515 - 1582), mystic, Carmelite nun; - Cornelius a Lapide, author of Commentaria Chuonradi Pellicani, 1532; Johannes Pistorius of Nidde, author of Atres cabalisticae, 1597; Egidio da Viterbo aka Gilled de Viterbe; Joseph de Voysin, author of Disputatio Cabalisticae, 1635 & De vera Curandae Pestis Ratione aka True Rational Cure for the Plague, 1568; Gerhard Dorn, authort of Clavis totivs philosophi chymistic & Chymisticvm artificivm;


Friends:

Enemies: Pelagius; Caelestius ;Julian of Eclanum ; Theodore of Mopsuestia ;

Organizations: Catholic Church, early Bishop;


Author: The Confessions of Saint Augustine; City of God  ; On the Holiness of the Catholic Church, 388; On Care to Be Had for the Dead, 420; "The Literal Interpretation of Genesis" aka “De Genesi ad litteram libri duodecim” ; (Contra academicos (386) ; De Magistro (389); On the Trinity ; On Christian Doctrine  ; De Magistro (the Teacher) ;


Quotes: "Grant me chastity and continence, but not yet";



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Augustine_of_Hippo ; his monks - http://www.augnet.org/ ; read him here - http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/jod/augustine/conf.pdf; How the Crusades Changed History lecture series by Prof. Philip Daileader Ph.D ; listen to him here - http://librivox.org/confessions-by-saint-augustine-of-hippo/ and http://librivox.org/the-city-of-god-by-st-augustine-of-hippo/ ; http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/11/27/247220595/probing-extraterrestrial-abduction on whether early Lilith type tales have been the precursor to UFO tales today; Great Minds of the Medieval World lecture series by Prof. Dorsey Armstrong;