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Count Cagliostro AKA Joseph (or Giuseppe) Balsamo AKA Count Alessandro di Cagliostro AKA The Grand Cophta aka “The Wandering Jew”

Italy/ France/ England 1743 – 1795

Comments: Speculative Freemason and Magician ; alchemy; Qabalist ; Freemason, initiated on April 12,1777, in Lodge Esperance, which met in the King's Head in Gerard Street, Soho. This was into the Order of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund  ; created The Adamptive Egyptian Rite, which became the Co-Masonic Rite of Misraïm with Napoleonic influences; Arcanum Arcanorum A∴A∴ system of internal Alchemy,1775, refined under the influence of The Secret Symbols of the Rosicrucians of the 16th and 17th Centuries, 1785 (see ). Number 7 important in Egyptian Adoptive Masonry, represented by a 7-rayed star with the "Creative" Godname in the center and an archangel assigned to each point of the star. Adepts wore Green Robes for Venus and Red sashes for Mars; Wife Seraphina was Grand Mistress of an all woman "Adoptive" Lodge dedicated to the Mysteries of Isis; Progenitor of Co-Masonry; "crystal vision" with young male or female children (the “Dove”) as Seers; inspired the Order of Mizraim, AKA Le Rite Orientale of 90 degrees, 1788 or 1782 by Michel, Marc and Joseph Bédarride ; Jacques Etienne Marconis de Nègre create the Rite of Memphis with Samuel Honis, 1838 and General Giuseppe Garibaldi united them in 1881 as the Rite of Memphis-Misraim, in practice by 1889; It used the 33 degrees of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry and added

   34° Knight of Scandinavia
   35° Knight of the Temple
   36° Sublime Negociant
   37° Knight of Shota (Sage of Truth)
   38° Sublime Elect of Truth (The Red Eagle)
   39° Grand Elect of the Aeons
   40° Sage Savaistre (Perfect Sage)
   41° Knight of the Arch of Seven Colours
   42° Prince of Light
   43° Sublime Hermetic Sage (Hermetic Philosopher)
   44° Prince of the Zodiac
   45° Sublime Sage of the Mysteries
   46° Sublime Pastor of the Huts
   47° Knight of the Seven Stars
   48° Sublime Guardian of the Sacred Mount
   49° Sublime Sage of the Pyramids
   50° Sublime Philosopher of Samothrace
   51° Sublime Titan of the Caucasus
   52° Sage of the Labyrinth
   53° Knight or Sage of the Phoenix
   54° Sublime Scalde
   55° Sublime Orphic Doctor
   56° Pontiff, of Sage of Cadmia
   57° Sublime Magus
   58° Sage, or Prince Brahmine
   59° Sublime Sage, or Grand Pontiff of Ogygia
   60° Sublime Guardian of the Three Fires
   61° Sublime Unknown Philosopher
   62° Sublime Sage of Eulisis
   63° Sublime Kawi
   64° Sage of Mythras
   65° Guardian of Sanctuary – Grand Installator
   66° Grand Architect of the Mysterious City – Grand Consecrator
   67° Guardian of the Incommunicable Name – Grand Eulogist
   68° Patriarch of Truth
   69° Knight or Sage of the Golden Branch of Eleusis
   70° Prince of Light, or Patriarch of the Planispheres
   71° Patriarch of the Sacred Vedas
   72° Sublime Master of Wisdom
   73° Patriarch, or Doctor of the Sacred Fire
   74° Sublime Master of the Stoka
   75° Knight Commandel of the Lybic Chain
   76° Interpreter of Hieroglyphics, of Patriarch of Isis
   77° Sublime Knight or Sage Theosopher
   78° Grand Pontiff of the Thebiad
   79° Knight, or Sage of the Redoubtable Sada
   80° Sublime Elect of the Sanctuary of Mazias
   81° Intendent Regulator, or Patriarch of Memphis
   82° Grand Elect of the Temple of Midgard
   83° Sublime Elect of the Valley of Oddy
   84° Patriarch or Doctor of the Izeds
   85° Sublime Sage, or Knight of Kneph
   86° Sublime Philosopher of the Valley of Kab
   87° Sublime Prince of Masonry
   88° Grand Elect of the Sacred Curtain
   89° Patriarch of the Mystic City
   90° Sublime Master of the Great Work
   91° Grand Defender
   92° Grand Catechist
   93° Regulator General
   94° Prince of Memphis, or Grand Administrator
   95° Grand Conservator
   96° Grand and Puissant Sovereign of the Order
   97° Deputy International Grand Master
   98° International Grand Master
   99° Grand Hierophant

the symbol of the Egyptian Rite was a coiled snake between the two Masonic Pillars, the Kundalini ready to rise; Creator of Masonic Rites;

Teachers: Sir Knight Luigi d’Aquino; Allesio Piemontese; influenced by the legend of Comte de Saint-Germain; George Coston; planetary Angels - Anael (Sol), Michael (Luna], Raphael (Mars], Gabriel (Mercury], Uriel (Jupiter], Zob(r)iachel (Venus] and (H)anachiel (Saturn], his favorite; Reginald Scott; "Ananiah" the Egyptian; Hermes Trismegistus; Basil Valentine; Bernard Trevisan AKA Bernard of Treviso, author of Œuvre chymique; Arnoldus de Villa Nova; Raymond Lull ; Joachim Morsius of Lubeck AKA Philaretus Cosmopolita AKA Anastasius; George Starkey AKA Eirenaeus Philalethes ; Thomas Vaughan AKA Eugenius Philalethes ; Gilles de Rais AKA Gilles de Montmorency-Laval; Manuel Pinto de Fonseca; Samuel Honis, founder of Les Disciples de Memphis, AKA the Rites of Memphis, 1815 after leaving Egypt for France;Emanuel Swedenborg; the Baal Shem of London, The Grand Cophta before him in the Egyptian Rite; Dr. John Bonniot du Mainaduc, Magnetist; Federico Gualdi of Macerata , member of the Golden and Rosy Cross;

Students: Robert Wentworth Little; Albert Pike ; H. Spencer Lewis; General Giuseppe Garibaldi; John Yarker; Theodor Reuss; Aleister Crowley; Savalette de Langes; Cardinal-Prince Louis-Rene-Edouard, de Rohan-Guemenee, Grand Almoner of France, Bishop of Strasbourg; James Bramwell; W. R. H. Trowbridge; Ian McCalman; Stuart Perry; Baroness d'Oberkirch; Eliphas Levi; Manly P. Hall ; A.E. Waite ; W.R.H. Trowbridge; Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie; Peter Carroll; Marconis de Negre AKA Gabriel Mathieu Marconis de Negre; and his son Jacques-Etienne Marconis de Negre  ; co-creators of the Rite of Memphis in France, 1814 ; Michael Bedarride and brothers Marc and Joseph, perhaps even father Gad of the Rite of Misraim; Henry Ridgely Evans; Alexandre Dumas; Calvin C. Burt; Harry Seymour; Louis Blanc; Benoît Desquesnes; Jean Philibert Berjeau; Edouard Benoît; Marquis de Laroque; MW Bro Hypolite Labrunie; Rui Alexandre Gabirro; Lord George Gordon aka “Lord Crop”; Baron von Gleichen;Pyotr Ivanovich Melissino of Russia, 1726 – @ 1797; Baron Louis Théodore Henri de Tschoudy aka Chevalier de Lussy aka Comte de Putelange, author of theritual of The Flaming Star aka L'étoile flambo flante, 1727 – 1769;

Friends: Cardinal Orsini; Agliata, a forger ; Ben Franklin; Father George Cofton; William Beckford; Francesco Bartolozzi, painter; The Duke of Orleans (France) ; The Prince of Wales of England; George Cumberland, visited him in Inquisition cell;

Enemies: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Vincenzo Marano — goldsmith; Comte de Saint-Germain; Marie Antoinette; Prince Louis de Rohan; Theveneau de Morande; Casanova; Albert Mackey; Henry Wilson Coil;

Organizations; Sovereign Military Order of Malta; Catholic Order of St. John of God (expelled); Hermetic Rite of Freemasonry , 1777; Rite of High Egyptian Masonry 1784 (which contains no Egyptian material, but Medieval Magic of the Planets, elements and angels; Rite of Memphis Philalethes, an Illuminist Order of Freemasonry; influenced the Order of Hermes Thrice-Magistus (OHTM0), 1927; influenced Rites of Misraim 87th - 90th degrees; ancestor of the Rite of Memphis and Misraim;

Author: Open Letter to the English People; The Most Holy Trinosophia ; Egyptian Freemasonry of Egyptian Rite, 1785; Arcana Arcanorum AKA A∴A∴ , which was studied in the Adepti Exempti (7th) degree of the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross and apparently has a connection to ancient Atlantis;

Quotes: “What is sufficient is no longer desired”

Resources:;; THE LAST ALCHEMIST: Count Cagliostro, Master of Magic in the Age of Reason by Ian McCalman 2003; CAGLIOSTRO, MAGNIFICENT MAGICIAN By WOR. BRO. STUART PERRY, J,W.;; ; ;; ; ;;!ZIkDSAhY!OY1PnR6GIj0yIuxqRbyGXg ;