Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay

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Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay aka Grandmaster (aka Oecumenical Volgi aka the Vol-Gi) of the Gormogons

Scotland /France 1686 – 1743

Comments: Freemason; started Templars were Mason myth, connected Freemasonry with the Crusades through the Knights Hospitaller, not the Knights Templar, which later became the prevailing analogy /myth; Jacobite supporter of the Great Pretender to the English throne;inspired Neo-Templarism; Perhaps the Crusades and the Templars were chosen because it was one of the few times British/ Norman and French united to beat up on someone else rather than each other before World Wars I and II; Creator of Masonic Rites; born a Scots Qietist converted to Catholic;

Teachers: St. Bernard of Clairvaux ; John Theophilus Desaguliers; James Anderson; Jeanne Marie Bouvier de la Motte Guyon; George Garden at Rosehearty; Antoinette Bourignon; Pierre Poiret; Marquis de Fénelon; Wolfram von Eschenbach; William Knollis of the Scottish Hospitallers at Torphichen, 1480; Lord David Seton ; James Sandilands aka Lord St. John, Baron of Torphichen; Chin-Quaiw-Ki-Po, Mythical Emperor of China;

Students; Estienne Morin aka Stephen Morin; Albert Mackey ; Albert Pike; Grand Master Charles Radclyffe, Earl of Derwentwater; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund; Theodor Reuss; Emile Dantinne; Martinez de Pasqually; John Yarker; Thomas Smith Webb; Saint-Yves d'Alveydre; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz; Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin; A.E. Waite; Godefroy Géraud, duc de Chateau-Thierry; Alexander Sanders; James Wasserman; Richard Kaczynski; David Hume; Bernard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat; George W. Snow; Jordan Mechner, comic artist; Philip Wharton aka Philip, Duke of Wharton; Collier aka Tim Bobbin (1708-1786); Br. Robert Freke Gould, author of Gould's History of Freemasonry, throughout the World , 1936; Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788) aka Prince Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir aka the "Young Pretender" aka "Bonnie Prince Charlie" aka Grand Master of the Order of Knights Templar, 1745 at Holyrood Palace aka founder of the Rose Croix Chapter at Arras, 1747 aka King of England, France, Scotland and Ireland and as such substitute Grand Master of the Chapter of Heredom, known as Knight of the Eagle; Stephen Howarth; Sir Hector Maclean; Brother Louis François Armand de Vignerot du Plessis, 3rd Duke of Richelieu, 1696–1788 ; his son Louis Antoine Sophie de Vignerot du Plessis, 1736 – 1791; Armand Emmanuel Sophie Septimanie de Vignerot du Plessis, the 5th Duke of Richelieu, 1766 - 1822; Washington Shirley, 5th Earl Ferrers, Grand Master of the Premier Grand Lodge of England from 1762–1764, 1722 – 1778; Joseph Stanislaus Galland, poet; Peter Lambert de Lintot, creator of the Rite of the Seven Degrees in 1782;

Friends: Sir Isaac Newton; Alexander Pope; Maximilien de Béthune, Duc de Sully & Comte d'Évreux, patrons; Cardinal de Bouillon; François Fénelon; Comtesse de Vaux; Marie Nairne, wife; King James II, the Jacobites and the Stuarts; Joseph Spence;

Enemies: Cardinal Fleury, 1737; Dr. Emmanuel Rebold author of A General History of Free-Masonry, 1868;

Organizations: introduced Freemasonry into France, 1725; Gentleman's Club of Spalding; Knight of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem, 1723 (originally Templars with leprosy); The Royal Society, 1729; May have been a member of the Order of the Knights Templar of St. Anthony in Scotland; inspired the Knights Templar of the York Rite of Freemasonry though his famous oratory referenced the separate Knights of St. John, it was Baron von Hund who changed it to the Templars ; inspired the Beneficent Knights of the Holy City, 1782; inspired the Rite of Strict Observance of Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund;Inspired the Rectified Scottish Rite and more development in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry; Parisian literary club Club de l'Entresol; and inspired the OTO, order of the Oriental Templars;

Author: Discourse pronounced at the reception of Freemasons by Monsieur de Ramsay, Grand Orator of the Order, 1737; The Travels of Cyrus to which is annexe'd a discourse upon the theology & mythology of the pagans' aka his Masonic-Jacobite allegory, Anders Ramsays Regente Lärdomut i Cyri, translated by Anders Wilde, 1749; Philosophical Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion aka The Philosophical Principles of Natural and Revealed Religion, 1748, published after his death; Life of Fénelon, 1723; essays included in Mémoires de Trévoux, 1732;

Resources:; How the Crusades Changed History lecture series by Professor Philip Daileader; Era of the Crusades lecture series by Professor Kenneth W. Harl; The World of Byzantium lecture series by Professor Kenneth W. Harl; see on the Knights of Malta aka the Sovereign Hospitaller Order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes and of Malta today ; on the Crusades, ;