Count Nicholaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf

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Count Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf aka Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, Imperial Count of Zinzendorf and Pottendorf aka Bishop von Zinzendorf of the Moravian Church aka the "Pilgrim Count"

Germany 1700 – 1760

Comments: the Moravian Church; Lutherian Pietist; anti-slavery work in the Caribbean; esoteric Sex magick concerning the wounds of Christ, his circumcision, hands, feet and his side, represented by the female sex organ, especially during menstruation; Part of the practice was the intense visualization, smell and sounds of the crucified Christ; the "cut up" technique of 'Frakturschriften' aka the artistic fracturing of letters and words, which may be the precursor to William S. Burroughs and Brion Gysin's literary Cut-Up techniques; in the Brüderlicher Vertrag aka the Brotherly Agreement aka The Manorial Injunctions aka "The Moravian Covenant for Christian Living" laid down rules for Protestant Religious Life, emphasizing behavior not dogma; base on Ratio Disciplinae of the Unitas Fratrum ; the "Moravian Pentecost" in Berthelsdorf Church. August 13, 1727 ; favored the Singstunde, a service of hymns, many of which he wrote; established a sancuary for Protestant refugees of the 30 Years War at Herrnhut, aka "the Lord's Watch"; 226 missionaries followed his teachings to spread the Gospel in far away places; the Wachovia community in North Carolina; Bethlehem community in PA, where MORAVIAN College stands; Georgiacommune failed, 1735; After the death of his son Christian Renatus von Zinzendorf aka Christel aka The Sidewound, his commune in Herrnhaag in Germany was closed, and members moved to Christiansbrunn in PA, as the Bund auf die Marter Gottes aka Covenant of the Ordeal of God; organized PA. Protestants as the Pennsylvania General Synod, 1742;


Teachers: Philipp Jakob Spener(1635-1705) of Pietism, his Godfather; Grandmother Henriette Catharina von Gersdorff; Friedrich Christoph Oetinger (his own page needs adjusting) ; Jakob Bohme; Emanuel Swedenborg; Johann Arndt ; Johann Valentin Andreae AKA Christian Rosenkreuz; Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de la Motte-Guyon (aka Madame Guyon) (1648:6 – 1717) of Quietism; the Bohemian Brethren (aka Unitas Fratrum); Martin Luther,; John Calvin ; Huldrych Zwingli; John Amos Comenius; Bishop David Nitschmann der Bischof ; Bishop Daniel Ernst Jablonski;Pastor Philip Jakob Spener (1635-1705) of Pietism;  Jean Albert Adelgreiff;  Paul Felgenhauer, 1593-@1677, alchemist;  Paul Nagel ; Elias Eller (1690-1750) of Zioniten aka Ellersche Rotte aka The Ronsdorfer sect ; Anna von Büchel aka Anna Catharina of the Büchel, it's Prophetess; Baron Justinian Ernst von Weltz,  (1621-1668) 1621 - 1688, Missionary to South America ; Nicolas-Pierre-Henri de  Montfaucon de Villars,1635-1673, Abbot of Villars, author of The Count of Gabalis aka Conversations on Secret Sciences, 1670 ;  Michael Psellos , author of Peri energeias daimonon;  Antoinette Bourignon  de la Porte of Quietism;   Quirinus Kuhlmann (1651-1680);  Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de La Motte-Guyon, aka Madame Guyon, (@1648 – 1717) of Quietism;Eva Margaretha von Buttlar aka Mother Eve aka the Sophia of Böhme ,(1670 - 1721) of the Buttlarsche Rotte aka the Buttlarian gang and the "Christliche und Philadelpische Sozietät" (aka Christian and Philadelphical Society); Justus Gottfried Winter; Dr. Johann Georg Appenfeller; Jan Hus (aka John Huss) of the Morovians aka the "Bohemian Brethren" (Čeští bratři) or Unity of the Brethren (Jednota bratrská); Daniel Ernst Jablonski; Christian Sitkovius; David Nitschmann; Hans Egede; August Hermann Francke; Bishop David Nitschmann der Bischof; Bishop Daniel Ernst Jablonski; Domenico Feti, painter of Ecce Homo aka "Behold the Man"; John Wycliffe; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Bernard Palissy (1510-1590), author of "De la ville de forteresse" (1563), championed Hugonanaut arts and crafts as religious WORKS when outward expression would bring persecution and death;


Students: William Blake; Dietrich Bonhoeffer ; John Wesley, Methodist; Petrus Böhler aka Peter Boehler in GA and PA; M. W. Knapp; Phoebe Palmer and her husband, Dr. Walter Palmer; Thomas Upham; Georg Weiss (1687-1740) of the Schwenkfelder Church; Christian David; King Christian VI, of Denmark; General James Oglethorpe, Governor of Georgia; Tomochichi, Chief of the Creek nation of Native American Indians; John Frederick Köber ; son Christian Renatus; Bishop Johannes von Watteville; Gottfried Clemens; Gerhard Reichel ; Josef Theodor Müller; John Jackman; Johann-Willem Petersen (1649-1727); Madeleine Elrich,; Christine-Régina Bader ; Adélaïde Schwartz ; Anne-Marguerite Jahn, the ‘Pietist singer’; Anne-Eve Jacob aka ‘the sucker of blood'; Jean-Guillaume Petersen; Eleonore von Merlau, his wife; Guillaume Postel  ; Rosemonde-Julienne von Asseburg of the troupe of Pietist Sibyls ballet dancers; ; Johann Georg Gichtel , ‘the spiritual husband of the Virgin Sophia’ 1669; Serge Hutin; Jacques Cazotte , author of The Amorous Devil (1772); Charles Fourier ; John Humphrey Noyes; Ernst Christoph Hochmann von Hochenau (1670-1721); Gottfried Arnold; Quirinus Kuhlmann; Peter Poiret (1646-1719); Father Miguel de Molinos (1628-1696) , author of A Spiritual Guide Intended to Led the Soul to Perfect Contemplation and the Rich Treasury of the Peace of the Heart; Robert Marcus Owen and the Owenites; Abram Combe; George Rapp; Josiah Warren; Léonone Labilliére of La Maison des Poetes; Miss Esther Hersey ; Charles Tuller Garland of the April Farm Love Colony, @ 1925; Johanna Eleonora Merlau Petersen of the Saalhof Pietists; Susanna Margaretha Sprogel, author of Consilia and Responsa Theologica;Joseph Edmund Hutton; Herbert Spaugh; Dr. Craig Atwood; Wliam Carey, the "Father of Modern Missions" ; Dr David A. Schattschneider, Dean of Moravian Theological Seminary; Rev. Dr. A. Kenneth Curtis; Karl Barth, thoelogian; James Reetzke; Moravian Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg, of Pennsylvania; Joachim Rubusch; Gerhard Meyer; Arthur James Freeman; Anna Dorothea Elizabeth von Zinzendorf aka Baroness von Watteville, wife of Hans Christian Alexander von Schweinitz; Lewis David von Schweinitz; Edmund Alexander de Schweinitz; Julius Sachse; Paul Wemmer; John R. Weinlick; Phil Anderson ; Pete Greig ; Janet Benge and Geoff Benge; Linda Jacobs; Felix Bovet and Rev T. Alexander Seed; Frederick C Johnson; Rick Joyner; Arthur Freeman; Craig D. Atwood; Chuck Furnace;


Friends: Erdmuthe Dorothea, wife; Count Henry XXIX of Reuss, Brother-in-law; Anna Caritas Nitschmann, 2nd wife; Caspar Schwenckfeld aka Caspar Schwenkfeld von Ossig ; Hinrich van der Smissen; Ben Franklin; Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles, Catholic Archbishop of Paris ; Rev. John Potter, the Anglican (Episcopalian) Archbishop of Canterbury; Abraham Herz (later denounced Christel) ; Erdmuthe Dorothea of Reuss-Ebersdorf, 1st wife ; Anna Nitschmann, 2nd wife; Rev. Johann Andreas Rothe ; Rev. Melchior Schäffer; Friedrich von Watteville; Johann Sigismund Krüger; Ben Franklin, whom he visited in PA.; Conrad Weiser, Ambasador to the Mohawks & the Iroquois; Slaves in the Carribean, Africa and the Americas; Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles, Catholic Archbishop of Paris; John Potter, the Anglican (Episcopalian) Archbishop of Canterbury; Anthony Ulrich, former slave; Leonard Dober, Missionary; David Nitchmann, Missionary, whose widow became his 2nd wife Anna; John Beck, Missionary to Greenland's Eskimos;


Enemies; eventually Conrad Beissel of the Ephrata Community, with whom he clashed over chastity vs. Sex magick; Rev. William Hurd; Henry Rimius, author of "A Candid Narrative of the Rise and Progress of the Herrnhuters, Commonly Call'D Moravians"; : Andrew Frey, author of “A true and authentic account of Andrew Frey. Containing the occasion of his coming among the Herrnhutters or Moravians”, 1753;


Organizations: the "Church of God in the Spirit" aka the "Congregation of God in the Spirit" ; Order of the Grain of Mustard Seed; Moravian Geheimbund aka Secret Society; Brudergemeine aka The Brethren's Church aka Fellowship of Brethren; formed a Geheimbund (secret society) to share the Geheimlehre (secret teaching) of the QBLH, 1740;



Author ; hymns ; The Church's Prayer to the Holy Spirit (1759); Sixteen Discourses on the Redemption of Man by the Death of Christ aka Berlinische Reden, 1740; A Simple Declaration of the Moravian Church, Concerning their Present and Future Labour, Among the Savages, Slaves, and other Nations of the Heathen aka Einfältiger Aufsatz, 1740; Manual of Doctrine: Or, A Second Essay to bring into the Form of Question and Answer as well as the Fundamental Doctrines, as the other Scripture-Knowledge, of the Protestant Congregations who for 300 Years past have been call'd The Brethren, 1742; Seven Sermons on the Godhead of the Lamb; or the Divinity of Jesus Christ, 1742; My Dear Fellow-Traveller, Here hast Thou a Letter, which I have wrote to Thee out of the Fulness of my Heart, and with many Tears for Thy Salvation's Sake; and the Lamb of God hath sprinkled it with His Blood, that it will be profitable for Thee, if Thou abidest by thy Heart, or now findest thy Heart aka Pilgerbrief, 1742; The Traveller's Present, or, A Letter Giving a Short History of Religion, 1742; Every Man's Right to LIve. A Sermon on Ezek. XXXIII.II. Why will ye die?, published by Ben Franklin 1743; A Letter from Lewis Thurenstein, Deacon of the Moravian Church, to People of all Ranks and Persuasions, which are in Pennsylvania; but more Especially to those who are not Bigotted to any Particular Opinion; Nine Publick Discourses Upon Important Subjects in Religion, Preached in Fetter-Lane Chapel at London, in the year MDCCXLVI; Acta Fratrum Unitatis in Anglia, 1749 ; Peremtorisches Bedencken, or, The Ordinary of the Brethren's Churches; An Exposition, or True State, of the Matters objected in England to the People known by the Name of Unitas Fratrum, parts One and Two; four collections of Pietist hymns, 1725-1731; 1st Moravian hymn book, 1735; : Maxims, Theological Ideas and Sentences, 1751; Nine Public Lectures on Important Subjects in Religion Preached in the Fetter Lane Chapel in the Year 1746;


Quotes: 'The Man, whilst he conjugally embraces, is a Vice-Christ, and His Wife ought to regard him as acting in the Name of the Creator" ;

(attibuted) quote “Christ can make the most villainous act to be virtue and the most exalted moral virtue to be vice.” ;



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolaus_Zinzendorf ; http://www.mustardseedorder.com/cm/story/?category=2; Why Mrs. Blake Cried - William Blake and the Sexual Basis of Spiritual Vision by Marsha Keith Schuchard, 2006;: http://www.notbored.org/resistance-47.html ; http://discoveryutopias.wikispaces.com/Failed+British+Utopias?f=print ; http://www.zinzendorf.com/; http://zinzendorf.com/pages/index.php?id=count-nicholas-ludwig-von-zinzendorf; http://www.crossroad.to/heaven/Excerpts/books/history/hand-of-God/moravian.htm; read his hymns here - http://www.hymntime.com/tch/bio/z/i/n/zinzendorf_nlv.htm, particularly http://www.hymntime.com/tch/htm/i/t/t/ittwlgod.htm for the "wounds" motif; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christian_Renatus_von_Zinzendorf; http://moravians.org/Document%20Files/Count%20Nicholas%20Ludwig%20Von%20Zinzendorf.pdf; http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/41179818?uid=3739576&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21105068281353 ; www.wfu.edu/history/Events/Moravians/papers/atwood.doc; http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/31889431/understanding-zinzendorfs-blood-wounds-theology ;