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Diogenes of Sinope AKA Diogenes the Cynic

Turkey / Greece 412 or 404 - 323 BCE

Comments: Ancients; Trickster philosopher ; Satire; carried a lamp in the daytime, claiming to be looking for an honest man; Cynic; lived simply to criticize the excesses around him; consulted the Oracle at Delphi; difference between between nature ("physis") and custom ("nomos") or nurture; Raphael's fresco The School of Athens, with Plato and Aristotle in the center, has Diogenes as a lone reclining figure in the foreground, away from the others;

Teachers: Antisthenes; the myth of Hercules; Socrates;

Students: Crates; Zeno of Citium, who adapted it into Stoicism; Diogenes Laërtius; Menippus of Gadara; Xeniades, who owned him as a slave at one point; Saint Francis of Assisi; Plutarch; Peter Sloterdijk ; Michel Foucault; Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim; Chuck Furnace

Friends: Manes, slave;

Enemies: Plato; Alexander the Great; Aristotle

Organizations: the Isthmian Games ; wandered without home or possessions in the marketplace;

Author: No writings survived; Life of Eudoxus; Known from others, like the Life of Diogenes and Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers;

Quotes: "Strike, for you will find no wood hard enough to keep me away from you, so long as I think you've something to say." to Antisthenes who was originally not willing to have a pupil; Alexander the Great declared, "If I were not Alexander, then I should wish to be Diogenes.", to which Diogenes replied "If I were not Diogenes, I should also wish to be Diogenes."; "I am a citizen of the world (cosmopolites)", from which we get the term "cosmopolitan";

Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diogenes_of_Sinope ; http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/09/01/heavens-gaits ;