E. T. A. Hoffmann

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E. T. A. Hoffmann AKA Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann AKA Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (renamed himself after Mozart)

Germany 1776 – 1822

Comments: musician; opera; ballet ; Dark German folktales and fantasies of inanimate objects coming to life; Gothic horror author; his reviews of Beethoven the musician established Beethoven the Legend;

Teachers; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Ludwig van Beethoven;

Students: Johann Wolfgang Goethe; Arthur Machen; Clark Ashton Smith; Robert E. Howard; Frank Belknap Long; H. P. Lovecraft; Dennis Wheatley; Algernon Blackwood;

Friends: Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel the Younger (1775–1843);

Enemies: Napoleon Bonaparte;


Author: novella The Nutcracker and the Mouse King, on which the famous ballet The Nutcracker is based; Der Preis ("The Prize"); Six Canticles for a cappella choir; Ritter Gluck; Vision auf dem Schlachtfeld bei Dresden; opera Undine; ‘The Musical Sufferings of Johannes Kreisler, Music Director’; “Don Juan” (1st ed. 1813; final ed. 1819) ; ‘Beethoven's Instrumental Music’; “Der Sandmann [‘The Sandman’]” (1816); The Devil's Elixir; Weird Tales; was subject of The Tales of Hoffman by opera by Jacques Offenbach;

Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E.T.A._Hoffmann; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_E._T._A._Hoffmann; http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/h#a2008; listen here - http://librivox.org/author/969, mostly German, a few in English translation;