Emma Hardinge Britten

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Emma Hardinge Britten AKA Emma Floyd sometimes misspelled Emma Harding Britten

England / America 1823 – 1899

Comments: Spiritualist; trancework; defined the seven principles of Spiritualism still used; “electro-cranial” therapy;


Teachers: Frederick Hockley; P. B. Randolph;Max Theon; Peter Davidson; Earl Philip Henry Stanhope;Richard Francis Burton; Nostradamus; Cornelius Agrippa ;Emanuel Swedenborg; Mesmer ;Paracelsus;Edward Bulwer-Lytton;John Varley the elder, (1778-1842), Robert Cross Smith (“Raphael”) (1795-1832) ; Richard James Morrison (“Zadkiel”) (1795-1874); Thomas Oxley (1807-1837) ; Joanna Southcott aka Joanna Southcote of Exeter, leader of the Southcottians 1792; John Ward aka Zion Ward, 1828; Charles William Twort , 1829; George W. Graham of the Society of the Mercurii, @ 1820, the original “Orphic Circle” aka the Mercurii;


Students: Horace Day; William Britten, husband; H.P. Blavatsky; Theodor Reuss; Thomas Burgoyne; Ed and Lorraine Warren, of "The Amityville Horror"; Zak Bagans; Bill Wilkens, of paranormalsocieties.com; Steven LaChance; Craig Piligian of "Ghost Hunters"; Jason Hawes, of the Atlantic Paranormal Society; Claudia Lee, of Roswell Georgia Paranormal Investigations; John Zaffis; Noah Voss,of GetGhostGear.com; Miss M. T. Shelhamer aka Mrs. Mary Theresa Shelhamer Longley ; Penny Dutton Raffa; Francis H. Smith; William H. Burr; Jack Perry's ; Robert Neil Porter; Dr. William Jennings Bryan; Ernest H. Peckham; Charles Proth; Logie Barrow; Mark A. Barwise; Wm. Edward Biederwolf; Helen Duncan; Gena Brealey; Kay Hunter; O. A. Brownson; C. Samuel Campbell; E. Haldeman-Julius; Reverend Arthur Chambers; C. P. Christensen; W. J. Crawford; William Crooke; Alan E. Crossley; Georgina Brealey; Stuart Cumberland aka Charles Garner; Arthur Delroy; Shaw Desmond; Dr. Ernest C. Feyrer; J. W. Frings; Isaac K. Funk; Elizabeth Harlow Goetz; I. C. I. Evans; Father Johannes Greber; Edmund Gurney; Trevor H. Hall; Charles Hallock; C. Hammond; Cecil Henland; Moses Hull; James H. Hyslop; Shirley Carson Jenney; Arthur Keith; Edward T. Bennett; Arnold Bennett; G. K. Chesterton; Julian Huxley; Hilaire Belloc; Caroline D. Larsen; Stanley de Brath ; Percy Street; Irene Toye Warner; Nettie Colburn Maynard; Robert Dale Owen; J. B. Packard ; J. S. Loveland; Jack Perry ; Robert Neil Porter; Kathy Carole; John W. Ring; "Rita" aka Mrs. Desmond Humphreys; C. E. Bechhofer Roberts aka "Ephesian"; H. Scheuing; Hester Travers Smith; W. F. Barrett; Mary Bruce Wallace; Lionel A. Weatherly; J. N. Maskelyne; Stewart Edward White and wife Betty White; Dr. M. H. Coleman ; Whately Carington aka (W. Whately Smith), editor of "The Psychic Research Quarterly"; Frederick Bligh Bond; Emile Boirac,; Dudley Wright; G. C. Barnard; Pierre-Emile Cornillier; W. J. Crawford; Geraldine Cummins; Eric J. Dingwall; Trevor H. Hall; Lord Hugh Dowding (1882-1970) , Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force Fighter Command, WWII; Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge; Daniel Dunglas Home aka Daniel Douglas Home aka D.D. Home (1833 – 1886) ; The 4th Earl of Dunraven [aka Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin, Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl (1841 – 1926)] ; Bernard M. L. Ernst; Hereward Carrington aka aka Hubert Lavington; Harry Houdini and Arthur Conan Doyle; Maria Silbert; Adalbert Evian; Mr. John C. Sloan, The Glasgow Trance Medium; Arthur Findlay aka J. Arthur Findlay  ; Sir William Barrett; F. W. Fitzsimons aka Frederick William FitzSimons, (1870 – 1951); Camille Flammarion; E. S. Brooks; Eusapia Paladino; Latrobe Carroll; H. Clarkson Fletcher; Richard E. Pugh,aka “ Bulawayo"; Clive Gregory; Anita Kohsen; "Parma" aka ”H!!!!!” aka Rev. H. R. Haweis aka Rev. Hugh Reginald Haweis (1838 -1901); Harry Price (1881 - 1948); Ada Goodrich Freer (1857 – 1931 ); Eliot Slater; William Howitt; James Hervey Hyslop aka James H. Hyslop, ( 1854 – 1920); GRS Mead; Landale Johnston ; Anne Moberly, and a fellow teacher Eleanor Jourdain of the "The Versailles Time Slip", 1901; Isabelle Major Evans, ; “Rev. Benjamin Kennicott”; Ernest Sheppard; Coulson Kernahan (1858–1943; Dr. Joseph Lapponi; Mrs. Philip Gibbs; Horace Leaf, (ca. 1886-1971); Robert James Lees (1849 - 1931); Gladys Osborne Leonard (1882 - 1968); Alexis-Henri-Marie Lépicier (1863 - 1936); Arthur Lillie; John Lobb ( 1940-1921); Alex Owen; Frank Podmore; Private Thomas Dowding aka Wellesley Tudor Pole; Edward C. Randall. (1860-1935) ; J. B. Rhine aka Joseph Banks Rhine (1895 –1980); Dr. Charles Robert Richet ( 1850 – 1935; Carl Eric Bechhofer Roberts (1894-1949) aka C. E. Bechhofer Roberts aka "Ephesian"; Mrs. Leonora E. Piper, who channeled 'Chlorine'; M. A. St. Clair Stobart aka Mabel Annie Boulton Stobart, (1862-1954); G. N. M. Tyrrell aka George Nugent Merle Tyrrell (1879-1952); JSM Ward AKA John Sebastian Marlowe Ward; F. W. Warrick; J. N. Maskelyne aka John Nevil Maskelyne (1839 - 1917); Lionel A. Weatherly; Marc Demarest ;Mark Twain;Robert Fryar; Margaret Wilkinson; J. J. Morse;


Friends: Abraham Lincoln; C. C. Massey AKA Charles Carlton Massey;Charles Dickens;


Organizations: Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor; the “Orphic Circle” aka the Mercurii ; led seances at Society for the Diffusion of Spiritual Knowledge; Theosophical Society (one of the 6 founding members); The Home for Outcast Women, 1859; Spiritualists National Union;


Author: Modern American Spiritualism aka Modern American Spiritualism: A Twenty Years’ Record of the Communion Between Earth and the World of Spirits, (1870) ; Nineteenth Century Miracles , (1884); lectures - “The Discovering of Spirits,” “The Philosophy of the Spirit Circle,” “Hades,” ; “What Is the Basis of the Connection of the Natural and Spiritual Worlds?”, “The Coming Man; or the Next President of the United States,” (on Lincoln); Ghost Land: Researches Into The Mysteries Of Occultism, 2 vols; began The Western Star, magazine; The Two Worlds, a weekly Spiritualist newspaper; The Unseen Universe, edited magazine; Art Magic or Mundane, Sub-Mundane and Super-Mundane Spiritism: A Treatise in Three parts and Twenty Three Sections ;Art Magic or Mundane sub-mundane and super-mundane spiritism (1876); The Mystery of No. 9 Stanhope Street, novel, perhaps confessional of early sexual abuse by the Earl; The Autobiography of Emma Hardinge, not published until 1900; Nineteenth Century Miracles, or Spirits and Their Work in Every Country of the Earth. A Historical Compendium., 1884;



   The Fatherhood of God.
   The Brotherhood of Man.
   The Communion of Spirits and the Ministry of Angels.
   The Continuous Existence of the Human Soul.
   Personal Responsibility.
   Compensation and Retribution hereafter for all the good and evil deeds done on earth.
   Eternal Progress open to every human soul.


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Hardinge_Britten; http://www.healthresearchbooks.com/pages/books_list.php?origin=author&author=Britten,%20Emma%20Hardinge; http://www.blavatskyfoundation.org/founding.htm;http://newtopiamagazine.wordpress.com/2013/08/15/mysteries-of-the-hermetic-brotherhood-of-luxor/ ;http://www.ehbritten.org/papers/hypotheses_on_the_orphic_circle.pdf ;