Estienne Morin

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Estienne Morin aka Stephen Morin

France / Haiti 1717 - 1771

Comments: organized a variety of "high" Masonic rituals into a system of thirty-three degrees of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry; not Creator, but successful propagator of Masonic Rites;


Teachers: Bernard-Raymond-Fabré Palaprat‎; James Anderson; William Preston; John Mitchell Brothers; Frederic Dalcho; Philostorgius; Nicephoris Callistus; Samual Lee, author of Orbis Miraculum, 1659; Titus Flavius Josephus; Roy A. Wells; Harry Mendoza; George Smith, author of The Use and Abuse of Freemasonry, 1785; Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay (1668-1743); Chevalier Bonneville; Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay & his 18 degrees; Bonnie Prince Charlie aka Charles Edward Stuart & his Scottish Jacobite Masonry in Arras, France, 1747; Br. Lockwood of The Faithful Scots & his 9 degrees, 1748; August Von Starck aka J. A. Stark, (1741 - 1816) of the Clerks of Relaxed Observance & the German Rite of Strict Observance; 1756; Br. Pirlet of The Knights of the East, 1757, then the Emperors of the East and West, Sovereign Prince Masons aka Heredom aka the Rite of Perfection & evolving into Knights of the East, & his 25 degrees; the Marquis de Berny; Rev. Rosa; Comte Alexandre Auguste Grasse-Tilly aka Alexandre Francois Auguste de Grasse of France; Professor Harck of The Clerkship of the Templars; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund AKA Karl Gotthelf, Baron von Hund und Altengrotkau of the Rite of Strict Observance & Rectified Scottish Rite ; Br. Savalette of Langes, Br. Lenoir & Br. Antoine Court de Gébelin of the Philaletes, 1773;



Students: Henry Andrew Francken; Giles Fonda Yates; Moses Michael Hays; Isaac Da Costa Sr., D.I.G. for South Carolina; Abraham Forst, D.I.G. for Virginia; Joseph M. Myers, D.I.G. for Maryland; and Barend M. Spitzer, D.I.G. for Georgia. Da Costa returned to Charleston, S.C., and established the "Sublime Grand Lodge of Perfection" in February 1783; John Mitchell ; Frederick Dalcho aka Rev Frederick Dalcho, MD, author of South Carolina’s Ahiman Rezon, 1807; Alexander Francois Auguste de Grasse Tilly; Jean Baptiste Marie deLaHogue; Thomas Bartholemew Bowen; Abraham Alexander; Emanuel de la Matta; Isaac Auld; Israel de Lieben; Moses Clava Levy; James Moultrie; Isaac De Costa; Albert Mackey ; Albert Pike; Thomas Smith Webb; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund ; William Matthews, Governor General of British Isles du Vent ; Charles Leadbeater; Charles Sumner Lobingier ; Samuel Harrison Baynard; George W. Snow;Robert Benjamin Folger; Bernard E. Jones; Johann Georg Schrepfer aka "Baron Von Steinbach", (?-1774);Bernard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat aka Bernard Raymond of The Order of Modern Templars, 1804; Sir Sidney Smith; The 7 Brothers of the Rite of Rigid Masonry of France, 1819;


Friends: Frederick II of Prussia; Jean Baptiste Delahohue, co-founder of Scottish Rite; Br. Anton Firmin Abraham of The Mirror, 1806; Brothers in the Scots Philosophic Rite of France; Marshal Kellermann;

Enemies: Roettiers de Montaleau of the Grand Orient Montaleau and French Grand Lodge, 1796;

Organizations: Freemasonry, 1744 with Charter in North America, set up "Ecossais" lodge (Scots Masters Lodge)in Haiti, 1761 which inspired the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, 1801; direct ancestor of the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia (SRIA); also inspired Order of the African Architects, the Rite of Strict Observance, the Rectified Scottish Rite, the Knights Templars; probably the York Rite of Freemasonry; maybe even the OTO and Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, which borrow degree structures in part from the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry he popularized; The Order of the Royal Secret, 1763 precursor of A. A. Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, 1801; inspired the Grand Lodge General Ecossaise, 1804;


Author: likely The Francken Manuscript, 1783;



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_Rite#Estienne_Morin_and_his_Rite_of_25_degrees; http://www.supremecouncil.org/; http://scottishrite.org/; http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%25C3%2589tienne_Morin&prev=/search%3Fq%3DEstienne%2BMorin%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26hs%3Dvdn%26tbo%3Dd%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official&sa=X&ei=_5SmULKvFofv0gGiwoGQDQ&ved=0CEIQ7gEwAQ; http://darkbooks.org/collection/Henry-Andrew-Francken.html ; http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/royal_arch_word.html ; Frederick Dalcho – a man of accomplishment , a man of peace by RGM Barry A. Rickamn, 2014;