Francis Bacon

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Francis Bacon 1st Viscount St. Alban, Lord Chancellor of England under James I; Francis, Lord Verulam

England 1561 - 1626


Comments:experiential scientist was the model for the Royal Society, no obvious relationship with Roger Bacon 1214 – 1294 , respects Ancient Jews but anti-Semitic towards them in the 1600s. Alchemy; Rosicrucian; Qabalist; may have influenced Freemasonry; no obvious relation to Francis Bacon the artist, 1909 – 1992;


Teachers: Nicholas Stone, architect; Callimachus ; Aristotle; Imhotep, engineer / architect for Pharaoh Djoser; John Damian aka Giovanni Damiano de Falcucci aka Abbot of Tongland aka 'Master John the French Leech (though he was Italian), alchemist to King James IV of Scotland at Sterling Castle, 1501; Giovanni Aurelio Augurello, author of Chrysopoeia, 1441; Giulio Campagnola, painter; Petrus Bonus aka Bonus Lombardus aka Buono Lombardo of Ferrara, author of ‘ Margarita preciosa novella’ (aka The Precious New Pearl), 1325; Valerio Corte, 1530 – 1580; Isabella Cortese; Matteo Tafuri, 1492; Dr. Johann Isaac Hollandus;


Students: influenced The Royal Society; William Rawley; Robert Boyle; John Wilkins; Julianus de Campis aka Julius Sperber ; Cornelius Drebbel aka Cornelis Jacobszoon Drebbel; Joseph Fort Newton; Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, his secretary for 5 years; John Stuart Mill; David Hume ; George Berkeley ; Queen Christine of Sweden; Giuseppe Francesco Borri, eventually a Quietist, of Milan; Massimiliano Palombara of the Porta Alchemica in Rome; Guiliano Kremmerz aka Ciro Formisano, (1861–1930), of Confraternita Terapeutica e Magica di Myriam aka the Therapeutic and Magic Brotherhood of Myriam; Nicholas Bishop-Culpeper; Robert Batchelor of Stanford; Peter Dawkins of the Francis Bacon Research Trust; Lancelot Coelson, @ 1627—1687; Daniel Pickering Walker, 1914–1985, author of Spiritual and Demonic Magic, 1958 ; Joseph Moxon, author of Mechanick exercises, 1703;


Friends: Lord Arundel; his brother Nathaniel married Sir Thomas Gresham's daughter Anne; theoretically William Shakespeare, as a member of the Poetry and Magic Society of the Elizabethan Court; Christopher Marlowe; Edmund Spenser; Ben Jonson; Edward de Vere; John Fletcher; Sir Phillip Sydney, spymaster; Bernard Palissy, Alchemist potter;

Enemies: not personal, but his inductive, experimental approach was the antithesis of Rene Descartes' "I think, therefore I am" deductive approach from first principles; William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele aka Old Subtlely aka Puritan Lord Say; Marco Bragadino, fake alchemist;


Organizations: Priory of St. John of Jerusalem; Knight of the Helmet; Fraternity Rosi Crosse Society; Accepted Freemasons ; The Virginia Company, 1606;


Author:"The New Atlantis" (inspired Rosicrucians) see it (http://www.alchemylab.com/bacon.htm); Novum Organum Scientiarum ('New Method' or a New Instrument) (1620)inspired the Royal Society; Sylva Sylvarum, or a Naturall Historie in ten Centuries including Experiments touching Sulphur and Mercury aka The Forest of Materials, 1627(see it here http://www.levity.com/alchemy/baconsul.html) ; and The Making of Gold (http://www.levity.com/alchemy/bacongld.html); An Advancement in Learning aka Advancement and Proficience of Learning - The Partitions of the Science, 1605; History of Henry the Seventh, which has a frontispiece showing Lord Bacon with Rosicrucian roses for shoe buckles; The Essayes or Counsels, Civill and Morall, of Francis LO. Verulam, Viscount of St. Alban, 1625, reprinted 1906; The Fragment of an Essay Of Fame; Great Instauration - The renewal of the Science, 1620;

Quotes: Silence is the virtue of fools; "The glory of God is to conceal a thing, but the glory of the King (a Man) is to find it out";


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Bacon; http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/b#a296 ; listen to him here - http://librivox.org/the-new-atlantis-by-francis-bacon/ ; http://newtopiamagazine.wordpress.com/2012/10/15/the-intelligencers-and-the-fifth-moon-of-jupiter-alchemy-in-the-american-colonies/ ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Damian ; http://www.swide.com/art-culture/medics-mystics-and-charlatans-10-famous-italian-alchemists/2014/10/24 ;