General Giuseppe Garibaldi AKA Joseph Marie Garibaldi
Italy 1807 – 1882
Teachers: Antonio Meucci;
Friends: Camillo Cavour; Victor Emmanuel II ; Giuseppe Mazzini; Victor Hugo; Alexandre Dumas; George Sand ; Anita AKA Ana Ribeiro da Silva; Fructuoso Rivera; Manuela Sáenz; British prime minister Viscount Palmerston; Protestant minister Alessandro Gavazzi ;
Enemies: Pope Pius IX; Sardinian Prime Minister, Camillo Benso, conte di Cavour;
Organizations: Freemasonry; Carbonari revolutionary association; The Red Shirts; Hunters of the Alps (Cacciatori delle Alpi);
Comments: united Italy, has a Masonic degree named after him, occasionally performed by the Grand Lodge of New York in Italian; as a Freemason, fused the Rites of Memphis and Misraim in 1881.