Gerald Gardner

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Gerald Gardner AKA Gerald Brosseau Gardner AKA Scire

England 1884 – 1964

Comments: the Father of Gardnerian Wicca and modern Witchcraft; Freemason; Pagan; spiritualism; nudist;


Teachers; Margaret Murray; Charles Leland AKA C.G. Leland; Ted Surgeneson; George Alexander Sullivan of the Rosicrucian Theater; Rosicrucian Order Crotona Fellowship members Edith Woodford-Grimes AKA "Dafo" (1887–1975), Susie Mason, her brother Ernie Mason, sister Rosetta Fudge; "Old Dorothy" Clutterbuck; members of the Horsa Coven ; George Watson MacGregor Reid of the Ancient Druid Order; Apuleius; George Pickingill;


Students: Doreen Valiente; Lois Bourne (aka Lois Hemmings); Patricia Crowther; Eleanor Bone AKA Ray Bone of the Cumbrian Group Coven; Cecil Williamson; Aidan Kelly; Ronald Hutton; Philip Heselton; Jack Bracelin; Florence Marryat; Ross Nichols (1902–1975), founder Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids; JSM Ward AKA John Sebastian Marlowe Ward; Judy Harrow: Starhawk; BoneBlossom AKA Beth Saunders; Chuck Furnace; Fred Lamond; Adrian Bott; Raymond Buckland; Monique Wilson; Campbell Wilson, who sold off his Magical Tools; Robert Cochrane AKA Roy Bowers, created Cochrane's Craft; Ruth Wynn Owen; Joe Wilson; Shani Oates; Ann and Dave Finnin; Carol Stuart Jones; Alexander Sanders and Maxine Sanders, creators of Alexandrian Wicca; Stewart Farrar, Janet Farrar, Gavin Bone; Scott Cunningham; Raven Grimassi; Leo Martello; Lady Sheba AKA Jessie Wicker Bell; Carl Llewellyn Weschcke, publisher; Vivianne Crowley; Mary Nesnick; Margot Adler; Madge & Arthur Worthington; Charles Cardell aka Rex Nemorensis (1892–1977); Mary Cardell; Raymond Howard; Oberon Otter Zell-Ravenheart AKA Tim; and his partner Morning Glory Zell-Ravenheart AKA Diana Moore; Gavin Frost & Yvonne Frost; Francis King; Allen Andrews, reporter, 1952; Evan John Jones; Olive Green (aka Florannis), Charles Cardell's "mole" in Gardner's coven; Ned Grove; Kenneth Grant; Ithell Colquhoun; Hudson Frew; Eric Maple; Bill Liddell (aka Lugh); Michael Howard; John Pope; June Johns; Richard and Tamarra James, who rescued his Magical Tools from Ripley's Believe it Or Not!; Philip Heselton, author of Gerald Gardner, Witchcraft Revival: The Significance of his Life and Works to the Story of Modern Witchcraft; John H. Steele;


Friends / Enemies /Partners: Gareth Knight; W. E. Butler; DR. Israel Regardie; William G. Gray;; Aleister Crowley; Charles Henry Allan Bennett; wife Dorothea (Donna) Frances Rosedale; Sir Flinders Petrie, archeologist; Arnold Crowther; Gerald Yorke; Karl Germer; Lady Frieda Harris ; Frederic Mellinger; Idries Shah; Robert Graves; Peter Caddy, FINDHORN; Montague Summers; Mona Mackenzie; Michael Houghton, owner of Atlantis Bookshop, London at the time; Olive Green, co-owner; Madeline Montalban; Arnold Crowther; JSM Ward;


Organizations: Freemasonry; Rosicrucian Order Crotona Fellowship; New Forest coven, 1939; Bricket Wood coven ; Museum of Magic and Witchcraft on the Isle of Man; "First Rosicrucian Theatre in England."; Folk-Lore Society; Historical Association; Ancient British Church; Ancient Druid Order (ADO); OTO AKA Ordo Templi Orientis;

Author: High Magic's Aid, 1949; A Goddess Arrive, 1939 ; Witchcraft Today, 1954; The Meaning of Witchcraft, 1959; see his Gardnerian Book Of Shadows at http://www.sacred-texts.com/pag/gbos/index.htm;



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerald_Gardner_%28Wiccan%29; biography Gerald Gardner: Witch, by Idries Shah sometimes listed as J. L. Bracelin's Gerald Gardner: Witch (1960), by Jack Bracelin; also read him at http://darkbooks.org/collection/Gerald-Gardner.html ; http://www.sacred-texts.com/pag/wiccahst.txt essay is interesting as well;http://blogs.telegraph.co.uk/news/dominicselwood/100252072/the-dark-deep-roots-of-britains-fascination-with-witchcraft/?fb ;http://www.patheos.com/blogs/allergicpagan/2014/02/22/wiccanate-privilege-discussion-at-pantheacon/ ;