Gershom Scholem

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Gershom Scholem AKA Gershom Scholem

Germany /Israel 1897 – 1982

Comments: Jewish Scholar ; contemporary Qabalist and Hebrew scholar; Historian; Theology; Zionist; taught the Qabalah and mysticism ; the mythical and mystical components were at least as important as the rational ones; Sabbatianism; Lurianic Kabbalah (sp); Hasidism; Jewish gnosticism ; Gnostic; The "Tselem" is the Image of God, reflected in each person, a blueprint for their Higher Self, which can then attract your personal Angel, it's compliment, from God; a treasure trove of original research in Hebrew and German, and source of ancient manuscripts of books worth studying; ponder the 231 gates; The Gnostic IAO as Yod Heh Vah and the 4 IAOs of Arbathiao;

Teachers: Rabbi Akiva; Rabbi Isaac Luria; Isaac the Blind; Sabbatai Zevi; Jacob Frank; David Reubeni; Ephraim Joseph Hirschfeld; Thomas von Schoenfeld; Mircea Eliade; Walter Benjamin; Leo Strauss; Gottlob Frege; Friedrich Nietzsche; Maimonides; Baruch Spinoza ; Moses de Leon; Rabbi Isaac Meyer, 1836 – 1902; Abraham Abulafia; Joseph ben Abraham Gikatilla; Jehudah the Hasid aka Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg aka Judah he-Hasid; Samuel the Hasid ben Kalonymous of Speyer; Jehudah the Hasid of Worms, author of Sefer Hasidim aka the Book of the Devout; Eleazar Ben Judah of Worms; Prof. F. I. Baer; Ahimaaz of Oria of Merkabah tradition; Sabbatai Donnolo aka Shabbethai Donnolo aka שבתי דונולו‎‎ , 913 – @ 982; Meier Landauer ; Adolph Jellinek;; Abraham ben Azriel of Bohemia; Elhanan ben Yakar of London; Sa'adya Gaon aka Saadya; Rabbi Abraham Aben Ezra aka Abraham ben Ezra; Abraham bar Hiya aka Abraham bar Hiyya; Joseph ben Uziel; Rabbi Ben Sira, author of The Alphabet of Ben Sira; Rabbi Troestlin the Prophet; Isaac Ibn Latif, @ 1270; Moses ben Jacob of Kiev, author of Shushan Sodot, @1509; Pythagoras ; Iamblichus; Hermes Trismegistus; Paracelsus; Galen; Buchari @ 870; Abu'l Barakat; Suhravardi of Aleppo; Socrates; Plotinus; Avicenna;Rema aka Moses Isserles of Cracow , 1525 - 1572; Isaac Cohen of Soria @ 1270; Dante Alighieri; Jacob ben Nissim of Kairawan @ 1062; Moses ben Jacob Cordovero; Chaim Vital AKA Rabbi Haim Vital; Shemtob ben Shemtob @ 1400; Shemtob ibn Gaon; Meir ben Solomon abi Sahula; Ramban AKA Rabbi Nachmanides; Josef Angelino of Sargossa @ 1325; Menachem Azaria aka Manahem Asaria Fano; Yehudah ben Barzilia; Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim; Nicomachus aka Nikomachos of Gerasa @ 140 EC; Rab aka RAV AKA Abba Arika; The Venerable Bede; Isidore of Seville; Rabbi Hanina; Rabbi Oshayah; Valentinus; Basil Valentine; Yehuda Halevi; Isaac of Dampierre; Elhanan ben Yaqar of London; Rabbi Isaac the Elder; Rabbi Simeon ben Yohai; Rabbi Pinhas of Koretz; Franz Kafka; Origen; Johann Christoph Wolf, 1683-1739; Yehuda ben Barzilai AKA Jehudah ben Levi Barzili aka Yehuda ha-ben Barzilay Bargeloni aka Albargeloni; Abraham ben Hijja; Rabbi Pinhas of Koretz, author of Rabbi Shim'on patah; William Blake; Arthur Rimbaud ; Walt Whitman; Richard Maurice Bucke, M.D, author of Cosmic Consciousness - A Study in the Evolution of the Human Mind; Edward Carpenter; Ignatis of Loyola, Jesuit founder; Rabbi Dov Ber, author of Kunlras ha-Hithpa'aluth; John Wesley, founder of Methodism; George Fox of the Quakers; Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de La Motte-Guyon, aka Madame Guyon, (@1648 – 1717) of Quietism; Heinrich Graetz, 1817 – 1891; Leser Landshuth,1817- 1887; Jacob Steinschneider, 1782- 1856; his son Moritz Steinschneider, 1816- 1907 ; Yehudah Hayyat aka Judah Hayyat, author of Ma'arekhet ha-Elphut aka System of Divinity @ 1500;

Students: Henry Corbin; Chuck Furnace; Jorge Luis Borges; Umberto Eco; Jacques Derrida; Harold Bloom of Yale; Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben; George Steiner; Michael Chabon, author; Rabbi Joseph Dan; Frank Talmage; David Rankine;Elanor Blau; R. J. Zwi Werblowsky; Allan Arkush;Hillel Halkin; Irving Howe; Scott J. Thompson, 1987; Prof. Rivkah Schatz-Uffenheimer, 1966; Prof. J. Ben-Shlomoh, 1965; Dr. Allan Arkush, 1962; Moran Gam Hacohen, 1934; Ronit Meroz; Joseph Dan; Peter Schafer; Philip Beitchman, 1998; Yehezkel Kaufmann, 1889 – 1963; Dov Schwartz; Amos Funkenstein; Moses Idel; Elliot R. Wolfson;

Friends: Martin Buber; Shmuel Yosef Agnon; Hayim Nahman Bialik; Ahad Ha'am; Zalman Shazar; Elsa Burckhardt, 1st wife; Fania Freud, 2nd wife; Jürgen Habermas; Morton Smith; Hlemut Ritter; Richard August Reitzenstein; Ernst Muller; D. Z. Baneth; Franz Dornseiff, author of Das Alphabet in Mystik und Magie, 1925; Ignaz Goldziher;

Enemies: disagreed with Louis Ginzberg; Hannah Arendt;


Author: doctoral thesis on the oldest known kabbalistic text, Sefer ha-Bahir aka aka Das Buch Bahir; Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism, 1941; Jewish Gnosticism, Merkabah Mysticism, and the Talmudic Tradition, 1960; Arendt and Scholem, "Eichmann in Jerusalem: Exchange of Letters between Gershom Scholem and Hannah Arendt", 1964; The Messianic Idea in Judaism and other Essays on Jewish Spirituality, trans. 1971; Sabbatai Sevi: The Mystical Messiah, 1973 on Sabbatai Zevi; From Berlin to Jerusalem: Memories of My Youth, 1980; Kabbalah AKA Qasbalah, 1974; Walter Benjamin: the Story of a Friendship, 1981; Origins of the Kabbalah, 1962; On the Mystical Shape of the Godhead: Basic Concepts in the Kabbalah, 1997; The Fullness of Time: Poems; On Jews and Judaism in Crisis: Selected Essays; On the Kabbalah and Its Symbolism,1960. 1965 English; Tselem: The Representation of the Astral Body, 1987; Zohar — The Book of Splendor; The NAME of God and the Linguistic Theory of Kabbala; Eine Kabbalistische Erklarung de Prophetie als Selnstbegegnuning aka A Kabbalistic explanation of prophecy at (encountering the Self?); "Mitzvah ha-Ba'ah ba-Averah, aka The Holiness of Sin; How I came to the Kabbalah; Shiur Koma - The Mystical Form of the Godhead; Alchemy and Kabbalah aka "Alchemie und Kabbala, 1925; The Book of Creation, essay;Reshith ha Qabbalah, 1948; The Origins of the Kabbalah and the Book Bahir, 1961-2 lectures; The Kabbalah in Provence - the Circle of RABAD and his son R. Isaac the Blind, 1962-3 lectures (RABaD aka Rabbi Abraham ben David of Posquieres aka Ibn Daud & Isaac the Blind ; The Kabbalah of the Book Temunah and of Abraham Abulafia, 1964-5 lectures; Creation from Nothing, 1957;

Quotes - "The kawwanah (aka Karaza aka karraza), on the other hand, represents a process that takes place exclusively within the domain of thought. It is most remarkable indeed that kabbalistic usage is, in this respect, very similar to that of the scholastics for whom "intentio" does not mean intention" in our usual sense but rather the energy or tension of the act of cognition. (The etymology would be derived from the tension of the bow when directing the arrow.) The kawwanah of meditation is the tension with which the consciousness (of a person performing a prayer or another ritual act) is directed to the world or object before him. Nothing is pronounced but the words of the statutory prayers, as they had been fixed of old, but the mystical meditation mentally accompanies the current of words and links them to the inner intention of the person who is praying" ; "All things egress from the One and return to the One, according to the formula borrowed from the Neoplatonists; but this movement has its goal and turning point in man when, turning inward, he begins to recognize his own being and from the multiplicity of his nature strives to return to the unity of his origin. No matter how the coming forth of the creature from God is conceived, there is no doubt here concerning the manner of its return. It is accomplished in the elevation of the kawwanah, in the introversion of the will that, instead of spending itself in multiplicity, "collects" and concentrates itself and, purifying itself of all selfishness, attaches itself to the will of God, that is, joins the "lower will" to the "higher will " ;

Resources:;; read a treasure trove of his WORK here - ; ; listen here - ; ; ;