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Johann Wolfgang Goethe

Germany 1749 – 1832

Comments: One of the smartest men of his age; Genius in science, art and philosophy ; invoking Satan literature; scientist; author; playwright; politician; historian; lawyer; pantheism; champion of "Weimar Classicism"; Faust is his answer to the Book of Job, God rescues the Bad soul, perhaps because his victim forgives him & prays for his redemption, but the choral end says No one Knows; discovered the human intermaxilarry bone (1784); Urpflanze, archetypal forms of plants;

Teachers: Homer; Virgil; Ovid; Dr. Johann Georg Faust AKA Johann Fust AKA Doctor Jörg Faustus von Haidlberg ; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock ; Johann Gottfried Herder; Baruch Spinoza; Alessandro Cagliostro ; Gottfried Arnold; E. T. A. Hoffmann;Christopher Marlowe; William Shakespeare; Johann Spies; G. R. Widmann ; Nikolaus Pfitzer; Georg von Welling; Oswald Spengler, historian; John Flaxman , 1755 – 1826, painter and wife Nancy Flaxman; Plato; Mozart; Gregorius Faustus aka Gregorius Sabellicus aka Faustus Junior, @1480-1510; admired Lord Byron;

Students: Rudolf Steiner; Arthur Schopenhauer; Hermann Hesse; Thomas Mann, author of Doctor Faustus (1947); Richard Wagner; Franz Listz; Johann Peter Eckermann; Richard Maurice Bucke; Maximilian Rudwin; Anton LaVey; H. P. Lovecraft; Algernon Blackwood; Arthur Machen; Michael Aquino of the Temple of Set; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg aka Novalis; Johann Dobereiner, chemist; Walter Benjamin, author of “Goethe’s Elective Affinities” & “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction”; E. M. Butler aka Elizabeth M. Butler, author of The Myth of the Magus; Randy Newman, musician; F. W. Murnau, filmmaker; Henry Crabb Robinson (1775–1867); Dr. C. J. Jung; Harold Bloom of Yale; Gotthold Lessing (1729-1781); Thomas Carlyle ; Evelyn Liepsch of the Goethe and Schiller Archive in Weimar, Germany; Dale Pendell, author of Seeking Faust; Robert Blanchard aka Rozette Kryla-Budde ; Lee Morgan, 2016;

Friends: Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Carl August; Friedrich Schiller; Johann Gottlieb Fichte; Charitas Meixner, unrequited love; Charlotte Buff, model ffor Romantic interest in Young Werther; Charlotte von Stein; Anna Katharina Schönkopf ; Friederike Brion; Johann Georg Schlosser; Johann Heinrich Merck; Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem ; Kaspar Maria von Sternberg; Friedrich Schiller of Weimar Classicism; riedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775 – 1854) aka von Schelling; Duke Karl August ; Christiane Vulpius, mistress, 1789, wife, 1806; Ludwig van Beethoven, 1812; Ulrike von Levetzow; Friedrich August Wolf (1759-1824);

Enemies: Napoleon; Søren Kierkegaard; William Thackeray ; Victor Hugo;

Organizations: the the Sturm und Drang movement;

Author: Faust, parts 1, 1806 and 2, 1831 appear many years apart; The Sorrows of Young Werther; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; Metamorphosis of Plants, 1788; Die Laune des Verliebten aka The Lover's Caprice, 1767; 'Prometheus', poem; Iphigenie auf Tauris, play; Römische Elegien,poem; Die Wahlverwandtschaften aka Elective Affinities, 1809; Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre aka Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, 1795-96; Marchen aka "The Green Snake and the Beautiful Lily"; Propyläen journal; Hermann und Dorothea, poem (1797) ; Der Gross-Cophta, akaThe Great Copt, comedy about Cagliostro, 1791; Die natürliche Tochter; edited Kunst and Altertum (1816-32) and Zur Naturwissenschaft (1817-24); Aus meinem Leben. Dichtung und Wahrheit aka Poetry and Truth, 1811-1833; Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre (1821-9); Zur Farbenlehre (1810) against Isaac Newton; The Marienbad, poem, 1832;

Quotes: Behavior is a mirror in which everyone displays his image; "If a good person does you wrong, act as though you had not noticed it. They will make note of this and not remain long in your debt";

Resources: http://www.creativesms.co.in/category/johann-wolfgang-von-goethe-quotes-sayings; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wolfgang_Goethe; listen here, mostly German, but some translated into English - http://librivox.org/author/63 ; http://www.salon.com/2014/03/19/hannah_arendt_was_right_walter_benjamin_is_sui_generis_partner/ ; ; http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music-arts/newman-devilish-fun-faust-article-1.1849557 ; http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/movies/2014/06/movie-of-the-week-faust.html ; http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/goethe.htm ; http://www.gutenberg.org/files/33670/33670-h/33670-h.htm; http://www.dw.de/goethe-the-autograph-hunter/a-18209705 ;