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Johann Wolfgang Goethe

Germany 1749 – 1832

Teachers: Homer; Virgil; Ovid; Dr. Johann Georg Faust AKA Johann Fust AKA Doctor Jörg Faustus von Haidlberg ; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock ; Johann Gottfried Herder; Baruch Spinoza; Alessandro Cagliostro ; Gottfried Arnold; E. T. A. Hoffmann;Christopher Marlowe; William Shakespeare; Johann Spies; G. R. Widmann ; Nikolaus Pfitzer; Georg von Welling; Oswald Spengler, historian; John Flaxman add 1755 – 1826, and wife Nancy Flaxman;

Students: Rudolf Steiner; Arthur Schopenhauer; Hermann Hesse; Thomas Mann; Richard Wagner; Franz Listz; Johann Peter Eckermann; Richard Maurice Bucke; Maximilian Rudwin; Anton LaVey; H. P. Lovecraft; Algernon Blackwood; Arthur Machen; Michael Aquino of the Temple of Set; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg aka Novalis; Johann Dobereiner, chemist; Walter Benjamin, author of “Goethe’s Elective Affinities” & “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction”; E. M. Butler aka Elizabeth M. Butler, author of The Myth of the Magus; Randy Newman, musician; F. W. Murnau, filmmaker; Henry Crabb Robinson (1775–1867);

Friends: Duke of Saxe-Weimar, Carl August; Friedrich Schiller; Johann Gottlieb Fichte; Charitas Meixner, unrequited love; Anna Katharina Schönkopf ; Friederike Brion; Johann Georg Schlosser; Johann Heinrich Merck; Karl Wilhelm Jerusalem ; Kaspar Maria von Sternberg; Friedrich Schiller of Weimar Classicism; riedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775 – 1854) aka von Schelling;

Enemies: Napoleon; Søren Kierkegaard;


Author: Faust, parts 1, 1806 and 2, 1831 appear many years apart; The Sorrows of Young Werther; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; Metamorphosis of Plants, 1788;

Quotes: Behavior is a mirror in which everyone displays his image; "If a good person does you wrong, act as though you had not noticed it. They will make note of this and not remain long in your debt";

Comments: One of the smartest men of his age; Genius in science, art and philosophy ; invoking Satan literature; scientist; author; playwright; politician; historian; lawyer; pantheism; champion of "Weimar Classicism"; Faust is his answer to the Book of Job, God rescues the Bad soul, perhaps because his victim forgives him & prays for his redemption, but the choral end says No one Knows;

Resources: http://www.creativesms.co.in/category/johann-wolfgang-von-goethe-quotes-sayings; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wolfgang_Goethe; listen here, mostly German, but some translated into English - http://librivox.org/author/63 ; http://www.salon.com/2014/03/19/hannah_arendt_was_right_walter_benjamin_is_sui_generis_partner/ ; ; http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/music-arts/newman-devilish-fun-faust-article-1.1849557 ; http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/movies/2014/06/movie-of-the-week-faust.html ;

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