Golden and Rosy Cross
Golden and Rosy Cross AKA The Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross (Orden des Gold- und Rosenkreutz AKA the Fraternity of the Golden and Rosy Cross)
German 1750 - ?
Comments: speculation, of course. Freemasonry; Alchemy; The degrees were: Juniorus; Theoretici; Practici; Philosophi; Minores; Majores; Adepti Exempti; Magistri; Magi; supposedly descended from the Order of the Golden Fleece; contact with Peter Lambert de Lintot's Rites of Seven Degrees, 1782; Had correspondence with “Urims-Societen” in St. Petersburg;
It's organizational chart influenced the Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia, (SRIA) and from there, the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. This German precursor to (SRIA), from whose ranks the three top Officers 0f the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn came seems a strong possible source of the original German language cypher manuscript from which the of the Golden Dawn used as a basis and authority for their rituals.
Degrees included the Theoretical Degree of the Solomon Sciences of the Theor , starting with a “Junior” degree, then the 3 Blue Lodge rituals, then 4th Scottish Master like in the Scottish Rite, then Theoreticus, “Practicus”, “Philosophus”, “Minor”, “Major”, “Adeptus exemptus”, “Magister”, and “Magus; Adeptus exemptus, the 7th degree initiates explored the Stone of the Wise, Alchemy, Qabbalah & Natural Magic; by the 9th degree they should be knowledgeable in all the Occult Artes;
Members: all must have been Master Masons...Johann Friedrich Falk, a German in Britain and member of the Kabbalistic College of London who knew both Hockley and MacKenzie; King Friedrich Wilhelm aka Brother Ormesus Magnus, it's financial sponsor, 1744 - 1797; Sigmund Richter AKA Sincerus Renatus ; Hermann Fictuld, AKA Baron Johann Friedrich von Meinstorff, co-founders; Hans Heinrich von Ecker und von Eckihoffem, founder of the Order of the Asiatic Brethren, at various times an adjunct or enemy of the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross. There is some confusion between the two Organizations, as one was the Masonic side, the other the Magickal side, of similar ideas and participants; Johann Georg Gichtel ; Dr Bernard Joseph Schleiss von Lowenfeld, 1731 - 1800; Georg Forster AKA Johann Georg Adam Forster; Johann Christoph von Wöllner, author of the Masonic text Compass of the Wise Men, ; Johan Archenholtz, member of “Goldund Rosenkreutzer” and author of Memoires concerning Queen Christine, Reine de Suède & Histoire De Gustave-Adolphe, Roi De Suede, 1695 - 1777; Johann Rudolph von Bischofsweder, 1741 - 1803;
Friends:Rev. A.F.A. Woodford; Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia(SRIA), Freemasonry; William Robert Woodman, the Supreme Magus of SRIA after Brother Robert Wentworth Little passed; P. B. Randolph and the Fraternitas Rosae Crucis; Papus; Hermetic Brotherhood of Light; Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn; ; Henri Antoine Jules-Bois;
Teachers: Johannes Trithemius; The Brotherhood of the Golden and Rosy Cross; Franz Hartmann; Johannes Valentinus AndreaeAKA Christian Rosenkreutz; ...a long line of German Alchemists, like Michael Maier; Jakob Bohme; Anton Joseph Kirchweger; Andreas Libavius AKA Bailius de Varnu; Aegidius Guttmann; Georg von Welling; Julius Sperber;
Students: Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie;Frederick Hockley;Sigismond Bacstrom; William Wynn Westcott; Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers ; the Society of Eight; Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn; Aleister Crowley; Paul Foster Case; William Alexander Ayton; Austin Osman Spare; Dr. Francis Israel Regardie; Kirk White; Chic Cicero; Chuck Furnace; Jerry Cornelius; Grady McMurtry;
Resources: http://www.rosae-crucis.net/gurc.pdf (highly recommended); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_and_Rosy_Cross;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cipher_Manuscripts; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_St_Joachim; http://rosae-crucis.net/eng/currents/; http://www.alchemyguild.info/Archives/16%20Kabbalah/Burmistrov%2C%20Endel%20-%20Kabbalah%20Russian%20Freemasonry.pdf ;