Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Germany 1646 – 1716

Comments: Mathematician and Philosopher; adding automatic multiplication and division to Pascal's calculator, Natural Theology, a perfect God would create a perfect world, we experience pain from a lack of understanding. We live in the best of all possible worlds. Time is relative to physical events, not absolute as Isaac Newton believed. Albert Einstein followed Liebniz; said his Calculus was inspired by Qabalah; Alchemy, in Nuremberg; binary numbers; wanted France to conquer Egypt, and stop aggression against the German kingdoms; drained the submerged silver mines of Harz MT; Universal language; believed the I Ching was originally from Egypt and written by Hermes Trismegistus; I Ching aka Yi King trigrams were a form of binary progression, combined of 1 (GOD) and 0 (not GOD) in combination; While Isaac Newton didn't publish "Principia" until 1687, it had been written much earlier; Alchemy;


Teachers: Athanasius Kircher, corresponded 1670; René Descartes; Baruch Spinoza; Johann Christian von Boyneburg; Jakob Thomasius; Raymond Lull; Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek, microbiologist; ; Charles Wilkins, author of Mathematical and Philosophical Works, 1701; Eric Benzelius, Librarian in Uppsala; Plato; Kurt Godel; Hao Wang; Edmund Husserl; Edward N. Zalta; Max Trgmark; Lady Ann Conway; Descartes; Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont ; Henry More; Giuseppe Francesco Borri, Alchemist; Dr. Francis Lee, Rosicrucian; Sir Hans Sloane; George Hickes; Robert Leslie, Jacobean;


Students: Electress Sophia of Hanover (1630–1714), her daughter Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (1668–1705),Queen of Prussia; Caroline of Ansbach, the consort of her grandson, the future George II, Russian Tsar Peter the Great; Charles Babbage; Neal Stephenson, SF author; Leonhard Euler; Daniel Bernoulli; Albert Einstein; Chuck Furnace; Count Nicholaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf ; Erik Benzelius the younger aka Eric Benzelius, Uncle and Librarian of Emanuel Swedenborg in Uppsala, (1675 – 1743) ; Zeolia J. Boyile aka Veolia J. Boyile, author of The fundamental principles of the Yi-king, Tao, and the Cabbalas of Egypt and the Hebrews, 1920;


Friends: Christiaan Huygens; his father Constantijn Huygens; Antoine Arnauld; Henry Oldenburg; Otto Mencke; Adrien Baillet, author of Vie de Monsieur Descartes, 1691; Sir Robert Moray, who showed off his Alchemy chemical-alchemical laboratory at Whitehall, 1673; John Evelyn; Christopher Wren; Sir Henry Bennet, the Baron of Arlington; Russian Czar Peter I; Johan Gabriel Sparwenfeldt; General Francis Lefort;

Enemies: Isaac Newton; Voltaire ; John Locke ;

Organizations: The Royal Society; The Accademia fisico-matematica of Queen Christina in Rome @ 1688; an alchemical society at Nuremberg, 1666–67;

Author: "Nova Methodus", 1684; The Calculus (one method);Law of Continuity; Transcendental Law of Homogeneity; Disputatio Metaphysica de Principio Individui,(Principle of individuation);Specimen Quaestionum Philosophicarum ex Jure collectarum; On the Art of Combinations; Disputatio Inauguralis De Casibus Perplexis; Discourse on Metaphysics (1686); "New System of the Nature and Communication of Substances"; New Essays on Human Understanding; The Monadology, 1898; Catholic Demonstrations (though he was a Lutheran); Alchymistisch Sieben-gestirn dad ist sieben schone und anserlesene tractatlein vom Stein der Weisen : worin der ruchtige weg zu solchem allerhoehstin geheimmis zu kommen hell und klar gezergt wird : Allen Siebhabern der Hochedlen wissenschafft zu gefallen und nutzlichen untericht aus dem Satein ins hochdeutsche treulich ubergesetzt und in druck geferseiget; Dissertatio de Arte Combinatoria aka on the Qabalistic Art of Combining Letters and Numbers, 1666;

Quotes: Music is the secret exercise in arithmetic of the soul, unaware of the act of counting; Unpublished epitaph for Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont - "Here lies the other van Helmont, in no way inferior to his father. He joined together the arts and sciences and Revived the sacred doctrines of Pythagoras and the Kabbalah. Like Elaus he was able to make everything he needed with his own hands. Had he been born in earlier centuries among the Greeks, He would now be numbered among the stars";



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gottfried_Wilhelm_Leibniz; http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/l#a7168; read him here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/phi/leib/monad.txt ; http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/franklin/record.html?filter.subject_facet.val=Alchemy%20Early%20works%20to%201800&start=150&q=alchemy&id=FRANKLIN_3843560& ;