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George Ivanovich Gurdjieff AKA G. I. Gurdjieff

Armenia, Russia 1866 – 1949

Teachers: Nicholas Marr; the Molavieh Order of Sufis, (founded by Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi); The Whirling Dervishes;

Students; Julia Ostrowska, wife; P. D. Ouspensky; John G. Bennett; A. R. Orage AKA Alfred Richard Orage; Thomas de Hartmann; Olga de Hartmann; Louise Goepfert March; Julia Ostrowska; Alexandre de Salzmann; Jeanne de Salzmann; Olga Iovonovna Lazovich Milanoff Hinzenberg; Osho (Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh), Frank Lloyd Wright; Alan Watts, Timothy Leary, Robert Anton Wilson; Carlos Castaneda; Jeanne de Salzmann; Willem Nyland; Lord Pentland (Henry John Sinclair); Jane Heap; Katherine Mansfield, who died from his medical care; these students also had his illegetimate children: Jessmin Howarth; Lily Galumnian Chaverdian; Edith Annesley Taylor; Elizaveta Grigorievna; Jeanne Allemand de Salzmann; Olgivanna Hinzenberg and a woman named Georgii; Aleister Crowley visited once, approved with reservations; Algernon Blackwood; Oscar Ichazo; Claudio Naranjo; Helen Palmer; John Shirley, SF novelist; Maurice Nicoll; Henry Miller, author; Fritz Peters, Encounter Group Psychologist; Luc Dietrich; Henri Tracol; Peter Brook; Athol Fugard, playwright; René Daumal; William Patrick Patterson;


Enemies: Louis Pauwels;

Organizations: Sarmoung Brotherhood; Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man, in two locations; The Gurdjieff Foundation, after his death;

Author: Meetings with Remarkable Men; Life Is Real Only Then, When 'I Am' ; All and Everything; ballet, The Struggle of the Magicians; Beelzebub's Tales to His Grandson;

Comments: using Sufi techniques to overwhelm the rational mind, the Fourth Way Work (different than the fakir, monk or yogi,) was designed to awaken the sleeping Higher Self and achieve their full potential; The Work; The Method; The Way of the Sly Man; Enneagram of Personality; communes at "The Barn" in rural New York, and another termed "The Land" in Northern California. ;