Henry Creswicke Rawlinson

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Maj.-Gen. Sir Henry Creswicke Rawlinson, 1st Baronet

England / Afghanistan 1810 – 1895


Comments: Victorian Orientalist; read cuneiform inscriptions; spoke Persian; transcribe the Old Persian portion of the trilingual inscriptions in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian (a later form of Akkadian) written by Darius the Great @ 1522 BCE; This The "Behistun inscription" was the Rosetta Stone of cuneiform; donated collection of Babylonian, Sabaean, and Sassanian antiquities to the British Museum; Babylon; British consul at Baghdad, 1843;


Teachers: Austen Henry Layard, mentor; Herodotus; Zoroaster; Professor Christian Lassen of Bonn; Eugene Burnouf ; Paul Emile Botta, archeologist;

Students: George Rawlinson; Richard Payne Knight; George Smith (1840-1876), who discovered the Enuma Elish, the pre-Noah Flood account from Babylon; Hormuzd Rassam, who discovered the Cyrus Cylinder, 1879; Julius Oppert; William Henry Fox Talbot; Samuel Noah Kramer; Oroboros Isis Gnosis Coven; Chuck Furnace; Rainbow Darkly; Catherine LaF*****; Ashbow AKA Orlando Mont***o; BoneBlossom; Roy A. Adkins;

Friends: Edward Hincks; Edwin Norris, secretary of the Royal Asiatic Society;

Enemies:

Organizations: British Army; Royal Society, 1850; East India Company; Parliament, 1858 and 1865–68; Asiatic Society;

Author: "The Discoverer of the key to the Ancient Persian, Babylonian, and Assyrian Inscriptions in the Cuneiform character. The Author of various papers on the philology, antiquities, and Geography of Mesopotamia and Central Asia. Eminent as a Scholar" ; England and Russia in the East (1875); The Persian Cuneiform Inscription at Behistun (1846–51); Outline of the History of Assyria (1852); A Commentary on the Cuneiform Inscriptions of Babylon and Assyria (1850); Notes on the Early History of Babylonia (1854); assisted his brother George in translation of The Histories of Herodotus;


Quotes; (about him) "Attention was early drawn to these points by Sir Henry Rawlinson, who pointed out several coincidences between the geography of Babylonia and the account of Eden in Genesis, arid suggested the great probability that the accounts in Genesis had a Babylonian origin." in The Chaldean Account of Genesis, by George Smith, [1876](http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/caog/caog04.htm); The Flood story 1st appears in Atra-hasis (19th century, BCE), then in "Enuma Elish" AKA Enuma Elis aka the Epic of Gilgamesh (1200-900 BCE), then the Bible in the Old Testament Genesis (@ 750 BCE), then restated in the Quoran/ Koran (@700 CE). Manu of Hinduism survives a flood with animal companions in both the Mahabharata and the Puranas. It may be an actual trace memory of a cataclysmic event in early Human history, but could just as well be local to Babylon, where the twin rivers flood often but not as regularly as the Nile in Egypt. It is unlikely to have originated anywhere not near a large source of water, like Judea, where the Jordan is a stream compared to most major waterways;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Henry_Rawlinson,_1st_Baronet ; read about him in http://books.google.com/books/about/Empires_of_the_Plain.html?id=9ZtiGprw4m0C Empires of the Plain: Henry Rawlinson and the Lost Languages of Babylon by Lesley Adkins; http://www.sacred-texts.com/ane/caog/caog00.htm; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuneiform; read his bio of his brother, George Rawlinson at https://archive.org/stream/memoirofmajorgen00rawlrich#page/n7/mode/2up; http://www.salon.com/2014/04/12/noah_wasnt_the_first_flood_story_partner/ ; http://www.religiondispatches.org/archive/culture/7675/a_muslim_on_the_banning_of_noah__it_s_not_you__russell_crowe__it_s_me/ ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atra-Hasis ;