Henry David Thoreau

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Henry David Thoreau

America 1817 – 1862


Comments: Transcendentalist; Transcendentalism; war resister; early environmentalist; abolitionist; inventor of raisin bread!;


Teachers; William Bartram; Charles Darwin; Richard Francis Burton; Ralph Cudworth (1617 – 26 June 1688), Platonist;


Students: influenced Leo Tolstoy; Mahatma Gandhi; Martin Luther King, Jr.; Robert Frost; Emily Dickinson ;

Friends; Amos Bronson Alcott; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Louisa May Alcott ; Ralph Waldo Emerson; William Ellery Channing of Universalism; Margaret Fuller; ; Elizabeth Peabody; George Eliot AKA Mary Anne Evans, British writer;

Enemies: Sam Staples, tax collector; Robert Louis Stevenson; Herman Melville;

Organizations; Harvard University; Transcendental Club

Author: Walden, or Life in the Woods; essay Civil Disobedience; A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers; lectures on "The Rights and Duties of the Individual in relation to Government"; translated The Transmigration of the Seven Brahmans; translated the Orphic Hymn to Zeus;

Quotes: “I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to practice resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms”; “Live in each season as it passes; breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the influence of the earth” ;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_David_Thoreau ; Emerson, Thoreau, and the Transcendentalist Movement lecture series, by Professor Ashton Nichols ; listen here - http://librivox.org/author/371 ; read his translation - selection on Hinduism here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/tsb/index.htm; and read a lot here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/cat/srchauth.htm?search_str=Henry+David+Thoreau ; http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/i9391.pdf ; http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/09/01/heavens-gaits ;