Isaac Newton

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Sir Isaac Newton

England 1642 – 1727


Comments: very religious Scientist ; one of the inventors of Calculus, generalized binomial theorem, optics, gravity, intense study of Old Testament, especially Daniel and King Solomon's Temple; Alchemy; Math; Physics; Astronomy ; time is absolute vs. Leibniz' time is relative to physical change; the Architecture Structure Problem; very impressed with "Manna -a disquisition on the nature of Alchemy"; had nervous breakdowns in 1678 & 1693; May have been high functioning autistic, or neurotic, had difficulty with personal interactions; developed fluxions and fluents as differential and integral calculus; theorized Indigo as a color, to make the ratio of prism vibrations match those of the diatonic music scale; as Stephen Inwood so rightly says, Hooke was the grit in Newton's oyster, the irritant that provoked him into producing his greatest work" pg. 280; William Blake's print of Isaac Newton hold's a Compass, with which to measure both the spheres and the spiritual world; influenced by the Epitome of the Treasure of Health and it's 4 Philosophers Stones, Natural, Vegitable, Magicall and Angelicall Stones; thought 2060 CE would be apocalypse, once 1666 didn't end the world;


Teachers:influenced by Descartes, Michael Maier; Nicholas Copernicus; Galileo Galilei; Johannes Kepler; John Flamsteed; Tycho Brahe; John Amos Comenius; Simon Stevin; Abu Yusaf Ya'qub ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi, author of the theory of RAYS from the stars acting on Earth at a distance without the need of an intervening medium like air or aether; Ezekiel Foxcroft, translator of Johannes Valentinus Andreae's 3rd Rosicrucian text into English; Arius the ancient Christian; Albertus Magnus ; Dr. John Dee William Yworth; Sir George Ripley; Johannes Valentinus Andreae aka Christian Rosencruz; Guiliemus Mennes, author of Aurei Velleris aka The Golden Fleece of the Sacred Philosophy; Clovis Hesteau de Nuysement, author of Traittez du Vray Sel;Jason and the Argonauts; Virgil; Regiomontanus; Dr. Johann Isaac Hollandus; FROM NEWTONS OWN LIBRARY- Rev William Stukeley, 1687 – 1765; Georg Agricola aka Joannes Agricola; Henrich Cornelius Agrippa; Ali Puli aka Alipili aka Johann Otto von Hellwig (or von Hellbig), author of The Epistles of Ali Puli; Johann Heinrich Alsted, author of Clavis artis Lullianæ; Raymond Lull; Eugenius Philalethes aka Thomas Vaughan, author of Anima Magica abscondia: or A discourse of the universall spirit of nature & Anthroposophia theomagica: or A discourse of the nature of man and his state after death; Henry More; Marcus Aurelius Antoninus; Apollodorus of Damascus; Appian of Alexandria; John Archer; Archimedes; Aristophanes; Arrian of Nicomedia aka Lucius Flavius Arrianus, @ 86/89 – @146/160 CE; Hermes Trismegistus; Elias Ashmole; Athanasius of Alexandria; Saint Augustine; John Frederick Houpreght, author of Aurifontina chymica, or, A collection of fourteen small treatises concerning the first matter of philosophers for the discovery of their (hitherto so much concealed) mercury which many have studiously endeavoured to hide; Decius Magnus Ausonius, 309–392 CE; Jean Aymon, 1661 - 1734; Benedetto Bacchini aka Bernardino Bacchini aka Borgo San Donnino , 1651 - 1721; Andrea Bacci aka Sant'Elpidio a Mare , 1524 - 1600; Francis Bacon; William Rawley; Roger Bacon; Alvaro Alonso Barba, 1569 - ; Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich; Isaac Barrow, 1630 – 1677; Basilius Valentinus aka Basil Valentine, author of Les douze clefs de philosophie de frère Basile Valentin; Jacques Basnage De Beauval, 1653 – 1723 ; Jacob Bernoulli aka Johann Bernoulli; Berosus the Chaldean; Robert Boyle, author of The aerial noctiluca: or Some new phœnomena; Giovanni Bracesco; Zacharias Brendel the Elder; Callimachus aka Johann August Ernesti, 1707-1781; Isaac Casaubon; George Cheyne, author of An Essay of Health and Long Life; Marcus Tullius Cicero , author of De offciis libri tres, & in illos S. Rachelii commentarius philosophico-juridicus; Confucius; Leonardus Cozzandus; Arthur Dee, Dr. John Dee's son; Erasmus; John Faust Socinum ; John Theophilus Desaguliers ; Henri Desaguliers; Rene Descartes; Siculus Diodorus aka Diodorus of Sicily; Laertius Diogenes; I.G. Pardies; Elmacinus Georgius; Gerber aka Jābir ibn Hayyān AKA Geber; Geoffrey ofMonmouth, Bishop of St. Asaph, author of Vita Merlini aka Life of Merlin, @ 1100 ; Guido Grandi; John Greaves, 1602-1652, author of Pyramidographia, or, A description of the pyramids in Ægypt, 1646; Jan Baptist van Helmont; John Frederick Helvetius, author of The golden calf which the world adores and desires; Christophorus Helvicus aka Christopher Helwich ; Herodotus; John Heydon, author of The wise-mans crown: or, The glory of the rosie-cross.; Hierocles Alexandrinus ; Thomas Hobbes; Johann Isaac Hollandus; Homer; Horatius aka Quintus Horatius Flaccus; Christiaan Huygens; Iamblichus; George Starkey AKA Eirenaeus Philalethes ; Saint Irenaeus;Isaac Abendana, @ 1640 – 1699;  Henry Isaacson, 1581–1654; Gilbert Jack aka Gilbertu  Jacchaeus aka Jachaeus aka Jacchaeus, 1578 – 1628; Johannes Janssonius;  his teacher Jakob Bohme;   Francis Jessop, particularly on formic acid ; Joseph Ben Gorion;  Josephus Hebraicus aka Titus Flavius Josephus; C. Knorr von Rosenroth aka Christan Knorr von Rosenroth, whose  Kabbala denudata seu Doctrina Hebræorum transcendentalis et metaphysica atque theologica ... Newton used heavily & owned; S. G. Starkii  , opera author; Johann Bernoulli ; his student John Keill; Thomas Burnet, author of Telluris Theoria Sacra, or Sacred Theory of the Earth, an early Hollow Earth theory , @  1635 –  1715; Theodor Kerckring aka  Dirk Kerckring  aka Kerckeringh aka  Kerckerinck,  author of Spicilegium anatomicum , 1638 – 1693 ;  his master Basilius Valentinus aka Basil Valentine; Johann Georg Keyßler aka Johann Georg  Keyssler aka Keysler, 1693 – 1743; William King, Archbishop of Dublin, 1650–1729; Athanasius Kircher; Louis Jobert aka A Nobleman of France, author of The Knowledge of medals (Metals): or, Instruction for those who apply themselves to the study of medals, both ancient and modern, 1637-1719; Emanuel König, 1658 - 1731 ; Christian Kortholt the Elder aka Christian Kortholt der Ältere , 1633 – 1694; Johann Gottlieb Kraus aka  Krause , 1684 – 1736; Margarin La Bigne aka Marguerin of La Bigne, @  1546 – 1595; Jean de La Bruyère, 1645 – 1696 ; Chevalier René de la Chastre; Lactantius AKA  Lucius Caecilius Firmianus Lactantius; David L'Agneau  , author of Harmonie Mystique, ou Accord des Philosophes Chymiques, auec les Scholies; Thomas Fantet de Lagny, 1660-1734; Philippe de La Hire aka Lahire aka  Phillipe de La Hire, 1640 –1718; Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce, Baron de Lahontan aka  Lahontan aka  La Hontan, 1666- 1715; Friedrich Adolph Lampe, 1683–1729; Dr. Guillaume Lamy, 1644–1683 ; Peter Lancaster, author of A chronological essay, on the ninth chapter of the book of Daniel: or, An interpretation, of the prophecy of the seventy weeks; Giovanni Paolo Lancelotto aka Giovan Paolo Lancellotti, 1522 – 1590; Conte aka Costanzo  Landi, 1521-1564; Johann Christian Lange; Jacobi Le Mortii aka Jacob Le Mort aka Jacob of The Dead; Joannes Leo,  Africanus aka Sextus Julius AfricanusLeon of Modena;  René Le Pays, 1634-1690; Andreas Libavius aka Andreas Libau, @ 1560 – 1616; Johann Georg Liebknecht, 1679 – 1749; Philippus van Limborch aka Philipp van Limborch ,  1633 –1712; Martin Lister , 1639 -1712; Titus Livius; John Locke; Julius Caesar Longinus; Dionysius Longinus; Stanisław Lubieniecki, 1623 – 1675; Marcus Annaeus Lucanus aka Lucan; Lucian of Samosata; Laurent d 'Houry, translator of Lux Obnubiliata Suapte Natura refulgens. Vera Lapide Philosophico theorica, metro italico deciphers and ab auctore innominata commenti gratia ampliata aka The outgoing light by oneself of Darkness, or true theory of the Philosophers Stone, 1666; Rev Martin Luther; Joseph Glanvill, author of Lux Orientalis, or An enquiry into the opinion of the Eastern sages, concerning the præexistence of souls ,1636–1680; Thomas Lydiat, 1572–1646; Rev. Lydius Balthasar ; Dom Jean Mabillon, 1632 –1707; Colin Maclaurin aka C. Mac Laurin, 1698 – 1746; Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius aka Macrobius; Johannes Chrysostomus Magnenus aka Dr. Johann Chrysostom Magnenus aka  Jean Chrysostôme Magnen, @ 1590 – c. 1679; Samuel de Toumes, translator of Reveals the secret of the great philosophers. Hermes disciples which grazed the searchers to work all his hard work necessary to find most clearly explained; Olaus  Magnus, , Archbishop of Upsala; Maimonides, author of De sacrificiis liber; Nicolas Malebranche, 1638 –1715; Manetho, author of  the "Aegyptiaca" aka The History of Egypt;  Niccolao Manucci, 1639–1717; Marbode,Bishop of Rennes, @ 1035-1123, translator of De lapidibus pretiosis enchiridion; Johannes Marckius; Pietro Antonio Michelotti;  Paracelsus; Philo; John Milton; Minucius Marcus Minucuis Felix; Mohammed bin Khawandshah bin Mahmud aka Mirkhond, 1433-1498; Michael Maittaire, 1668 – 1747; Abraham de Moivre; Michel de Montaigne; Benito Arias Montano aka Benedictus Arias Montanus, author of "Antiquitatum Judaicarum", 1593, 1527–1598; Sir Jonas Moore; mapmaker Robert Morden, @ 1650-1703; Giovanni Battista Morgagni, 1682 – 1771; Daniel Georg Morhof, 1639 – 1691; Christopher Love Morley, MD; Joseph Moxon, 1627 - 1691; Walter Moyle, 1672–1721; Sebastianus Munsterus, author of Dictionarium Chaldaicum ; Ludovico Antonio Muratori; Lucas Jennis, publisher of Musaeum Hermeticum, 1625; Nicholas Barnaud Delphinas aka Nicolas Barnaud, alchemist; Pieter van Musschenbroek, 1692 – 1761; Wyer Wilhelm Muys aka Willem Muys, 1682–1744; Johann Daniel Mylius, alchemist, @ 1583 – 1642;Johannes Hartmann aka Hartmanni, chemist, 1568-1631; Hardrianus Mynsicht aka Adrian von Mynsicht aka Henricus Madathanus, medical alchemist, author of Aureum Saeculum Redivivum aka The Golden Age Restored, 1603–1638 ; Cornelius Nepos, @ 110 BCE – 25 BCE; Caspar Neumann, author of Clavis Domus Heber, reserans januam ad significationem hieroglyphicam literaturæ Herbraicæ perspiciendam, 1648 - 1715; Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos aka Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, @ 1256— 1335; Bernard Nieuwentijt aka Bernard Nieuwentijdt aka Bernard Nieuwentyt, 1654- 1718; François Nodot , forger of Satyricon additions, 1650-1710; Nonnus Panopolitanu; Samuel Norton, alchemist, author of Alchymiæ complementum, et perfectio & many more, which Newton owned, 1548–1621; Orpheus, author of Argonautica; Abraham Ortelius, map maker, created the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum; Johannes Ott; Antoine Oudin; mathematician William Oughtred, 1574- 1660; Ovid aka Publii Ovidii Nasonis; Santes Pagnino aka Xanthus Pagninus, 1470–1541; Dr. Jan Palfijn aka Jean Palfyn, obstetrician, 1650 - 1730; Bishop Palladius of Galatia aka Ireland; Thomas Ward, author of Speculum Ecclesiasticum ; or an ecclesiastical prospective glass. By T. Ward, a Roman catholick soldier; Cardinal Giovanni Giacomo Panciroli, 1587- 1651; Ignace-Gaston Pardies, 1636 – 1673; John Parkinson, herbalist, 1567–1650; Antoine Boudet; Marcus Velleius Paterculus aka Gaius Velleius Paterculus @ 19 BCE – 31 CE; Franciscus Patricius aka Francesco Patrizi, 1529 – 1597; Simon Pelegromius; Samuel Pepys; Perizonius aka Accinctus aka Jakob Voorbroek, 1651 – 1715; Sir John Pettus, 1613–1685; Sir William Petty, 1623 – 1687; Christoph Pezel aka Christophorus Pezelius, 1539-1604; Christoph Matthäus Pfaff, 1686- 1760; August Pfeiffer,1640 - 1698; Jenkin Thomas Philipps, 1697—1755; Hermes Trismegistus, supposed author of Philosophiæ Chymicæ IV. vetustissima scripta, I. Senioris Zadith F. Hamuelis Tabula chymica. II. Inominati philosophi Expositio tabulæ chymicæ. III. Hermetis Trismegisti Liber de compositione. IV. Anonymi veteris philosophi Consilium coniugii, seu de massa solis et lunæ libri tres. Omnia ex arabico sermone latina facta, et nunc primum in lucem producta; Artephius AKA Aesculapius; Synesius ; Nicolas Flamel; Jean D'Espagnet aka "the hermetic magistrate"; Philostratus; Photius of Constantinople; Girolamo Bartolomeo Piazza on the Inquisition; Eyquem Mathurin Martineau, on the Philosopher's Stone; Pindar aka Pindarus; Plato; Sir Matthew Hale, lawyer; Pliny the Younger aka Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus; Plutarchus aka Plutarch; Edward Pococke, 1604 – 1691; Pythagoras; Hesiod aka Hesiodus; Jane Barker, poet, 1652–1732; Giovanni Poleni, @1683-1761; Polybius,@ 200 –  118 BCE; Giovanni Battista Della Porta aka the "Professor of secrets" ; Michael Potier, author of Hermeticoaka Veredarius hermetico-philosophicus laetum et inauditum nuncium adferens - A Post-philosophic tendencies and unheard, bearing a message, 1622; Rev. Christopher Potter; John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury; Henry Power, 1st to discover Boyle's law, 1623–1668; Humphrey Prideaux,author of The Old and New Testament connected in the History of the Jews and Neighbouring Nations, 1648–1724; Diadochus Proclus; Procopius of Caesarea @ 525 CE; Prudentius aka Aurelius Clemens Prudentius aka Aurelius Prudentius Clemens, @375 CE; Ptolemy aka Claudius Ptolemaeus; Baron Samuel von Pufendorf, 1632 – 1694; Georg von Peuerbach aka George Purbach aka Georg Peurbach aka Purbachius, 1423 – 1461; Samuel Purchas, @ 1577 – 1626; Quinctilian aka Marcus Fabius Quintilianus; Jonas Danilssønn Ramus, 1649 - 1718; Petrus Ramus, 1515–1572; Thomas Randolph, poet, 1605–1635; Joseph Raphson, mathematician, @ 1648-1715; P.M. de Respour , author of Rares Expériences Sur L'esprit Minérale Pour La Préparation Et Transmutation Des Corps Métalliques; John Ray, author The wisdom of God manifested in the works of the Creation; Reiner Reineccius, 1541 - 1595; Adriaan Reland, author of Antiquitates Sacrae veterum Hebraeorum (1708) & De religione Mohammedica libri duo (1705, 1717), 1676 - 1718; Daniel Defoe, author and satirist; Tommaso Fazello aka Fazellus, 1498 – 1570; Jean François Paul de Gondi, Cardinal de Retz; Samuel Reyher,1635 -1714; Laurentius Rhodomanus; Giovanni Battista Riccioli, 1598 – 1671 ; Cardanus Rider, almanac maker; Mark Ridley, author of A Short Treatise of Magneticall Bodies and Motions, 1613; Juan Bautista Villalpando aka J.B. Villalpando; Frederik Ruysch, 1638 – 1731; Thomas Rymer, @ 1643 – 1713; Albert-Henri de Sallengre; Sallust aka Gaius Sallustius Crispus who may be Gregory Crispus, author of On the Cultivation of Humansim and Right Living; Thomas Salmon, 1679–1767; Aylett Sammes, author of Britannia antiqua illustrata aka The antiquities of Ancient Britian on Phoenician influence on the Welsh, @ 1636–1679; Sanchoniathon the Phoenician; Robert Sanderson, 1587 – 1663; Christophorus Sandius aka Christopher Sandius Jr, the Arianist; Anonymous von Schwartzfus perhaps Christopher Brummet aka Christopher Grummet, author of Sanguis naturæ, or, A manifest declaration of the sanguine and solar congealed liquor of nature, 1696; Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont, John Oldmixon, 1673 – 1742; Dr. Johann Schröder, 1600 – 1664; Cornelis Schrevel ; Frans van Schooten aka Frans van Schoten aka Frans Verschooten; Valentin Schindler ; Wilhelm Schickard, 1592 – 1635 ; Johann Jakob Scheuchzer, 1672 – 1733; Emmanuel Schelstrate, 1649 – 1692; Dr. Günther Christoph Schelhammer aka Schellhammergasse, 1649 - 1716; Christoph Scheiner, 1573-5 - 1650; Elias Schedius, 1615 - 1641; Karl Schaaf, linguist; Johannes Scapula, @ 1540-1600; Joseph Justus Scaliger, 1540 – 1609; Saxo Grammaticus; Thomas Slavery, mining genius; Jean Savaron, 1566-1622; Jacques Saurin, 1677-1730; Richard Saunders, author of Palmistry, the secrets thereof disclosed; Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski aka Matthias Casimirus Sarbievius, 1595 - 1640; Lucius Annaeus Seneca; John Senex, 1678 - 1721; Sir Walter Raleigh; Sextus Empiricus, the Pyrrhonian Skeptic; William Shakespeare; Thomas Shelton, author of Tachy-graphy & “Short Writing”, 1626; His Grace Thomas Sherlock, 1678 – 1761; Biship Apollinaris Sidonius of Clermont;Carolus Sigonius aka Carlo Sigonio aka Carl Sigone, @ 1524 – 1584; Rev Thomas Frognall Dibdin; his translator Richard Simon; Dr. Thomas Skinner of Colchester; Dr. Frederick Slare, 1648-1727; Johannes Sleidanus aka Johann Sleidan, 1506 – 1556; Sir Hans Sloane; René-François de Sluse aka Renatius Franciscus Slusius aka Walther de Sluze, 1622 – 1685; Bishop George Smalridge of Bristol aka George Smallridge, 1662 – 1719); Martinus Smiglecius aka Martinus Leopolitanus, 1564 - 1618; Edmund Smith aka Edmund Neale, 1672–1710; George Smyth aka George Smith, @1700; John Smith, perhaps really John Sergeant, author of The mystery of rhetorick unveil'd, 1657; Henry Rowlands, author of Mona Antiqua Restaurata: An Archaeological Discourse on the Antiquities, Natural and Historical, of the Isle of Anglesey, the Antient Seat of the British Druids, 1723 , 1655–1723; Cypriano de Soarez, 1524–1593; Faustus Socinus aka Fausto Paolo Sozzini aka Faust Socyn of Socinianism and the Polish Brethren, 1539 – 1604; Francesco Bianchini, 1662–1729; Sophocles; Jean Baron de Carlscroon Dumont; Fridericus Spanheimius aka Friedrich Spanheim the Elder, 1600 - 1649; John Speed, mapmaker, 1552 – 1629; John Spencer, author of De Legibus Hebraeorum, Ritualibus et earum Rationibus libri tres,1685, 1630–1693; Jakob Karl Spener, 1684–1730; Otto Sperling, 1634 -1715; Thomas Sprat aka Pindarick Sprat, Bishop of Rochester & Chaplain to King Charles II; John Squire, author of A plaine exposition upon the first part of the second chapter of Saint Paul,1630; Thomas Stanley, author of Historia philosophiæ Orientalis; Bishop John Stearne of Clogher; Sir Richard Steele; Stephanus Byzantinus; Henri Estienne aka Henricus Stephanus the Elder; Robertus Stephanus aka Robert Estienne, 1503 - 1559; Thomas Sternhold, 1500–1549; Dr. Edward Stillingfleet, Bishop of Worcester; Thomas Stirrup, author of The description and use of the universall quadrat; Edmund Stone, mathematician; John Stoughton, @ 1593 – 1639; Strabo; Famiano Strada, 1572 - 1649; Alexander Stuart, 1673-1742; Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus aka Suetonius, @ 69 – 122 CE; Johannes Casparus Suicerus; Suidas the Greek; Henry Sully, 1680–1729; Sulpicius Severus, @ 363 – 425 CE; Jonathan Swift, satirist; Fridericus Sylburgius; Partrick Symson aka Patrick Symson @ 1700; Otto Tachenius aka Otto Tacke, 1610-1680; Publius Gaius Cornelius Tacitus; Francis Tallents, 1619–1708; Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, 1605 - 1689; Brook Taylor, 1685 – 1731; Bishop Jeremy Taylor, 1613 - 1667; Theodore Haak; Sir William Temple, 1628-1699; Publius Terentius aka Terence, @ 195/185 – 159 BCE; Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus, aka Tertullian; Emanuele Tesauro, 1592-1675; Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrus; Theodosius II aka Flavius Theodosius Junior Augustus aka Theodosius the Younger, 401 – 450 CE; Theophylactus, Archbishop of Ochrida; Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, 1683-1719; Heinrich Pluetscho, 1678-1747; Jenkin Thomas Philipps, authors of East India travel books; Jacques Auguste de Thou AKA Thuanus, 1553 - 1617; Thucydides; Archbishop John Tillotson, 1630-1694; Jacobus Tollius AKA Jakob Tollius aka Jacobus the Younger, 1633 – 1696; Atremont, the Unknown Philosopher, author of The Tomb of poverty, in which it is clearly treated the transmutation of metals and mean we must take to achieve this aka Le Tombeau de la pauvreté, dans lequel il est traité clairement de la transmutation des métaux et du moyen qu'on doit tenir pour y parvenir (well read copy); Henri de Sponde ; Augustinus Torniellus; Gabriel Towerson, 1635?–1697; Henry Tozer, 1602–1650; Ludwig Combach, editor of The secret of the philosophers, the highest individual chemici Tractatus aliquot containing: 1. The Book of the principles of nature, and the art of chemical properties, but not knowing of the author; 2. John tractatulus new Belye English, and other Trier Earl Bernhardt, the French line, with pieces Kellar Edward H. Eagles Thuringia, and John. Dutch Isaacii; 3. Fratris Ferrarii tractatus integer, has hitherto been almost suppressed, and in the beginning, and end the part of the mutilated person would have more than half; 4. John Daustenii English tries. Brochures and partly not yet been brought to light, and partly from the defects, as sunlit groves & the corruption to have been punished, and the integrity of the restored, 1590-1657; Benjamin Hoadly, Bishop of Bangor; . Lucas Trelcatius, 1542 – 1602; Martinus Birrius, associated with Tres tractatus de metallorum transmutatione, 1668; Alexander Toussaint Limojon Saint-Didier,author of The hermetic triumph, victorious or philosopher's stone aka LivreLe triomphe hermétique, ou La pierre philosophale victorieuse; Richard Bentley;



Students: the Cambridge Apostles; Martin Clare,Freemason, author of A Defense of Masonry; Joseph-Louis Lagrange; Leon Foucault; Alexander Pope; Dr. John Theophilus Desaguliers; influenced Albert Einstein; Dr. Nomad AKA Matthew M********; Thomas Nagel; James Gleick; Chuck Furnace; G. H. Hardy; Srinivasa Ramanujan; Henry Cavendish; Michael White; Richard Westfall; Prof. C. A. Burland, of the the British Museum Department of Ethnography, author of The Arts of the Alchemists; Allen G. Debus; D. R. Olroyd,; Walter Pagel; J.R.Patrington; Julius Ruska; Lynn Thorndike; F. Sherwood Taylor; H.J. Sheppard; R. S. Westfall, author of "Isaac Newton's Index Chemicus"; M. T. Walton, author of "Boyle and Newton on the Transmutation of Water and Air"; B. J. T. Dobbs, author of "Newton's Copy of 'Secrets Reveal'd' and the Regimens of the Work"; B. J. T. Dobbs aka Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs, author of The Janus Faces of Genius. The Role of Alchemy in Newton's Thought; John Fauvel; Raymond Flood ; Michael Shorthand; Robin Wilson, editor of Let Newton Be! A New Perspective on his Life and Works; Charles Webster, 1982; Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs, 1913; Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs, 1975; ohn Conduitt, executor; John Wood, the Elder, of Bath, author of The Origin of Building or, The Plagiarism of the Heathens Detected, 1741? 1746?, 1704 – 1754; - Stanton J.Linden, author of The Alchemy Reader, From Hermes Trismegistus to Isaac Newton, 2003; Albert Poisson, author of Theories & Symboles des Alchimistes: le grand oeuvre suivi d'un essai sur la bibliographie alchimique du XIXe siècle, 1891;


Friends:Isaac Barrow; John Collins; Nicolas Fatio de Duillier (lover?);Henry More; John Flamsteed (then enemy); Samuel Clarke; Voltaire; William Stukeley;

Enemies:Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Robert Hooke; Edmond Halley; Baruch Spinoza

Organizations: Royal Society; Cambridge University, fellow of Trinity;

Author; Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Latin in 1687; revised 1713 & 1726, English 1729;De motu corporum in gyrum of 1684; Opticks, 1704; revised, 1706; The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended (1728); Observations Upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733) ; "Principles of Philosophy," not published; The System of the World, 1728; first draft of Book III of the Principia, 1733;

Quotes: Alexander Pope: Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night; God said "Let Newton be" and all was light. "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" letter to Robert Hooke; "A man may imagine things that are false, but he can only understand things that are TRUE."


Resources:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issac_Newton; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leibniz%E2%80%93Newton_calculus_controversy; ISAAC NEWTON: The Last Sorcerer by Michael White 1997; The Invisible History of the Rosicrucians: the world's most mysterious secret society by Tobias Churton, 2009 ; http://gnosticwarrior.com/alchemy-in-the-bible.html; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/09/isaac-newton-facts-physicist_n_4058836.html ; or listen here - http://librivox.org/author/2836 ; http://www.tgdaily.com/space-features/80963-long-sought-pattern-of-ancient-light-detected ; http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/01/surviving_anxiety/355741/6/ ; A MAN OF MISCONCEPTIONS: The Life of an Eccentric In An Age Of Change by John Glassie, 2012; http://www.theatlantic.com/video/archive/2014/01/why-roygbiv-is-arbitrary/283432/ ; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mario-livio/on-the-shoulders-of-a-giant_b_5481563.html?utm_hp_ref=science; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yis7GzlXNM see Newton and Bill Nye, the Science guy in a Rap battle, by Weird Al Yankovitch; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mario-livio/on-william-blakes-newton_b_6036258.html?utm_hp_ref=science ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton_(Blake)#mediaviewer/File:Newton-WilliamBlake.jpg ; http://www.historicism.com/Newton/newton.pdf ; http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15784/15784-h/15784-h.htm ; https://archive.org/stream/newtonspmathema00newtrich/newtonspmathema00newtrich_djvu.txt ; http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/prism.php?id=88 ; http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/prism.php?id=74; http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/view/translation/TRAN00004 ; : http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/masonicmuseum/temple_of_solomon_print.htm ; http://webapp1.dlib.indiana.edu/newton/; http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk/prism.php?id=1 ; https://archive.org/details/hadrianiamynsich00myns ;