Isaac Newton

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Sir Isaac Newton

England 1642 – 1727

Teachers:influenced by Descartes, Michael Maier; Nicholas Copernicus; Galileo Galilei; Johannes Kepler; John Flamsteed; Tycho Brahe;

Students: Joseph-Louis Lagrange; Alexander Pope; Dr. John Theophilus Desaguliers; influenced Albert Einstein

Friends:Isaac Barrow; John Collins; Nicolas Fatio de Duillier (lover?);Henry More; John Flamsteed (then enemy); Samuel Clarke; Voltaire; William Stukeley;

Enemies:Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Robert Hooke; Edmond Halley; Baruch Spinoza

Organizations: Royal Society; Cambridge University, fellow of Trinity;

Author;Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, 1687;De motu corporum in gyrum of 1684; Opticks; The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended (1728); Observations Upon the Prophecies of Daniel and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733)

Comments:one of the inventors of Calculus, generalized binomial theorem, optics, gravity, intense study of Old Testament, especially Daniel and King Solomon's Temple.; Alchemy; Math; Physics; Astronomy Alexander Pope: Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night; God said "Let Newton be" and all was light. "If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of giants" letter to Robert Hooke

Resources:;; ISAAC NEWTON: The Last Sorcerer by Michael White 1997