Jeremy L. Cross

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Jeremy L. Cross aka Jeremy Ladd Cross

America 1783 - I86I

Comments: Thomas Smith Webb best student; Freemason; his Monitor the 1st to include images and drawings; Most material from Preston and the Moderns, but some Antient elements incorporated; expert in the Preston - Webb work, known for his exact memory and stress on rote repetition; Grand Lecturer of New Hampshire and CT, traveled America and The British Isles; New Haven, Ct apron business;


Teachers: James Anderson; William Preston; Thomas Smith Webb, 1813; Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay; Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz; Brother Ranulf Higden,; Trevisa; William Caxton; William Schaw; William Sinclair or the St. Clair family of Roslin; David Cunningham of Robertland; Sir James Murray of Kilbaderton; Sir Anthony Alexander; Robert Drummond of Carnok; Sir John Veitch of Dawyck; John Carmichael; William Moray of Dreghorn; Sir Robert Moray, his brother; Sir William Bruce, 1671; John Theophilus Desaguliers, Elias Ashmole; Thomas Ruddiman; William Stranhan; MWGM James Heseline; Martin Clare, who added Christina elements; Capt. George Smith, Inspector of the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich; Dr. Thomas Manningham; Thomas Dunkery; Right Worshipful Bro. William L Hutchinson P.G.W., who added still more Christina symbolism to the rituals, author of The Spirit of Masonry; Laurence Dermott of the Ancient Grand Lodge ;


Students: Albert Pike ; Malcolm C. Duncan ; H. L. Haywood aka Right Worshipful Brother Harry Leroy Haywood ; Albert Mackey; Luke Lockwood of CT; Daniel Coxe; Henry Price; James Graeme; Benjamin Gleason; Henry Fowle; G. M. Phillip Tucker; Phillip C Tucker, Jr; John Barney; RW Samuel Wilson; Charles W. Moore; Daniel Sickels; James R. Case, of the Masonic Lodge of Research, New Haven, CT, namesake of the Case Award, given recently to Tim Hogan and Andrew Hammer; Robert Benjamin Folger; Charles Whitlock Moore, author of The Masonic Tresle-Board, 1846; Henry C. Atwood, 1851; Charles W, Moore, author of The Pocket Trestleboard, 1866; Ben Franklin, wrote intoduction to 12th edition of True Masonic Chart;

Friends:

Enemies: Rob Morris aka Robert Morris, 1860s, , author of Mnemonics, copied from an incomplete manuscript ;

Organizations: Freemasonry, 1808 in New Hampshire; Lodge No. 1, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 1818 ; Hiram Lodge No. 1, New Haven CT ; Knights Templar by 1816; Royal Arch 1815 at Champlain Chapter #2, St. Albans, VT; Hiram L, 1818; York Rite of Freemasonry; Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, according to Albert Pike;

Author: The True Masonic Chart or Hieroglyphic Monitor, 1819; the Chart of Cross is a subsection of that work, taken from Webb; The Templars Chart, 1820 aka The Templar's chart, or, Hieroglyphic monitor; containing all the emblems and hieroglyphics explained in the valiant and magnanimous orders of Knights of the red cross; Knights templars; and Knights of Malta, or Order of St. John of Jerusalem. Designed and duly arranged, agreeably to the mode of work and lecturing. By Jeremy L. Cross ... To which are added lessons, exhortations, prayers, charges, songs 1852; letters, held at the Cosmopolitan Masonic Library of New York; Masonic Secret Signs and Passwords, 1856 ; Masonic Textbook for the Knights Templar, 1855;

Quotes: "When you memorize what I am teaching you, you will know as much about Masonry as I do";


Personal Comment - Perhaps the strength and weakness of Modern Freemasonry can be attributed to Cross' dedication to rote memorization. Many a Mason today can repeat the ritual verbatim, but when asked the simplest question about what they have recited, come up empty. The lack of directed discussion about the contents of the ritual at a banquet afterwards has reduced many Lodges to focusing only on the importance of The Arte of Memorie to the exclusion of the other gems embedded in Freemasonry. While valuable, it leads to an exodus of young Brothers who join, are initiated in ceremonies obviously filled with mystery, when driven to learn Q&A neither they nor their mentors comprehend.

Resources: http://www.masonicdictionary.com/jeremycross.html; http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/jeremy_ladd_cross.htm ; "Restoration of the Middle Chamber Lecture Showcasing Historical Work, article by VW Samuel Lloyd Kinsey, NY, in CT Freemason newspaper March 2014; The Mason's Words - the history and evolution of the American Masonic Ritual by Robert G. Davis, 2013; http://phoenixmasonry.org/jeremy_ladd_cross.htm ; http://www.masonicworld.com/education/files/apr02/include/jeremy%20ladd%20cross.htm ; http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101068784386;view=1up;seq=12; http://www.travelingtemplar.com/2013/03/the-father-of-cryptic-rite.html ; http://ssoc.selfip.com:81/1856__cross___the_true_masonic_chart.pdf;