John Theophilus Desaguliers

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Dr. John Theophilus Desaguliers

France / England 1683 - 1744

Comments: Important Freemason, Grand Master 1719; Hugonaut refugee from France; inventor of the planetarium ; Newton's assistant; may have changed the 3rd degree setting from the legend of Noah to the legend of Solomon’s Temple; 1722 he was elected to a committee of the “Fourteen Learned Brethren” to draft a Constitution for the Premier Grand Lodge; Worked on revising Freemasonry with Dr. James Anderson, a Scottish Presbyterian minister, and also a member of the Royal Society; originator of the designation "The Great Artificer and Creator of the Universe"; despite great fame, respect and royal friends, he died in poverty; Creator of the Modern Freemasonry Masonic Rites with James Anderson;


Teachers: Isaac Newton; Stephen Gray; Elias Ashmole; John Neill; Grand Master George Payne; Grand Master Inigo Jones, architect; Grand Master Sir Thomas Gresham, founder of Gresham College, where the Royal Society began; Rev. John D. Desaguliers , father; J. Roberts, 1722; Mårten Triewald aka Marten Triewald the Younger, 1691 – 1747;


Students: James Anderson; Christopher Wren; James Cawthorne, poet ; Laurence Gardiner; Chaplain to James Brydes, the 1st Duke of Chandos; Jordan D. Marche; Walther Bauersfeld; Rudolf Straubel; Peter Volz; Neil deGrasse Tyson, of New York City’s Hayden Planetarium; Carl Sagan;


Friends: Thomas Savery, steam engine designer; James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos; George Frideric Handel, composer - he designed and supervised the fireworks for the first performance of Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks in Green Park; Joanna Pudsey, wife; Dr. William Smith, author of The Book of M. aka Masonry Triumphant, 1736 & a Dutch translation of The Freemasons’ Pocket Companion, 1740 ; Baron Carl Magnus Wasenberg;


Enemies: Samuel Prichard, author of Masonry Dissected, 1730;

Organizations: Freemasonry, 3rd MWGM of Premier Grand Lodge of England, 1719-20; Rummer and Grapes Lodge; last commoner before Aristocrats related to the Royals began becoming Grand Master, like the Duke of Montague and Duke of Wharton; Royal Society, where he received the Copley Medal, in 1734, 1736 and 1741; The Order of Toboso aka Knights of Toboso — brought from Spain to Italy by Field Marshall George Keith, the exiled Earl Marischal of Scotland, 1726 - Bonnie Prince Charlie, Charles Edward and his young brother Henry in Paris, 1725; imatated in Sweden as Awazu och Wallasis of Olof von Dalin,


Author: A Course of Experimental Philosophy; translation of Edme Mariotte's treatise on the motion of water; Dissertation on Electricity, @ 1742 or 1744;


Quotes: (about him) "How poor, neglected Desaguliers fell; How he who taught two gracious kings to view All Boyle ennobled and all Bacon knew, Died, in a cell without a friend to save. Without a guinea, and without a grave." .... Cawthorn aka James Cawthorne


Resources: http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/desaguliers_j/desaguliers_j.html; Graham MS, dating from 1726; http://books.google.com/books/about/Freemason_At_Work.html?id=eiBbAAAACAAJ; The Father of Modern Speculative Masonry.” by Right Worshipful Bro. William L Hutchinson P.G.W., who called both Hiraim Abif and Jesus the Christ the "Smitten Builder" ; http://foundation.ctfreemasons.net/index.php/assorted-masonic-writings/52-desaguliers-and-the-march-of-militant-masonry-.html; http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2014/02/planetarium_history_nazis_persecuted_inventor_rudolf_straubel_of_zeiss.html ; The Mason's Words - the history and evolution of the American Masonic Ritual by Robert G. Davis, 2013;