Joséphin Péladan

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Joséphin Péladan AKA Sâr Joséphin Péladan (Sar means King in Persian)

France 1858 – 1918

Comments: Martinist Freemason ;Rosicrucian; Freemason; Martinist Order; Tarot; scandalized other Rosicrucians by 1) favoring the Catholic Church over the Protestants, as Johannes Valentinus Andreae and the original Brothers did, 2) identifying any Exoteric Church with the Spiritual Church, not made by human hands and 3) favoring a "Holy King" type theocratic government over democracy, a violation of his Masonic obligations; Besides believing that Spiritual adepts should control civil governments like Adam Weishaupt and the Illuminati, he also believed very strongly in a "war" between the Great White Brotherhood a Spiritual Order whose Adepts are only occasionally manifest at crucial periods of history, and their counterparts, the Black Brothers. Very big change from the Protestant RC, where the battle for Illumination was fought within the Adept, as he or she peels back the Darkness of the World to reveal the Spiritual LIGHT within. Now, there was a "Devil" to blame for one's lack of progress or success. VERY CATHOLIC! Tied this in to the Grail Legend of Wolfram von Eschenbach and the Crusading Knights of Sir Walter Scott, add in the Cathars with the Templars as an extinct , mysterious group and a mythology is reworked into a new trend. Authors such as Deidat Roche, Napolean Peyrat, Maurice Magre, Otto Rahn, Zam Bhotiva, Ivan Cooke, Michael Baigent, Henry Lincoln, Richard Leigh, Joseph Campbell, Colin and Janet Bord, Geoffrey Ashe; Charles Stansfeld Jones aka Frater Achad; Trevor Ravenscroft and others built into an interesting branch of Gnostic thought; Creator of quasi - Masonic Rites;

Teachers: Eliphas Levi; Adrien Péladan (Alchemist, older Brother); Stanislas de Guaita; Papus; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz;Bérnard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat (1773-1838) AKA Chevalier de Saint-Marcq AKA Clement de Saint-Marq; Ferdinand-François Châtel (1795-1857); George W. Snow;

Students: Emile Dantinne; H. Spencer Lewis; Jean DeVille; R.A. Gilbert; Walter Birks;

Friends: Antoine de la Rochefoucauld; Felicien Rops; Alecander Seon; Fernand Khnopff; Odilion Redon; Felix Vallotton; Charles Filiger; Eric Satie; Claude Debusssy; Edouard Schure; Arsene Houssaye;


Organizations: Freemasonry ; Martinist Order; ; Cabalistic Order of the Rosicrucian; quasi-Catholic Mystic Order of the Rose + Cross; Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis (AMORC); split from Stanislas de Guaita when he read Jakob Bohme and established the schism of the Catholic Order of the Rose Cross, the Temple and The Grail, 1890;

Author: established Salon de la Rose + Croix for painters, writers, and musicians ; La queste du Graal - proses lyriques de l'éthopée - la décadence latine; published "au salon de la Rose+Croix" (1892); Le Vive Supreme