Joseph Karo

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Rabbi Joseph Karo AKA Joseph ben Ephraim Karo AKA Yosef Car, AKA Yosef Qaro AKA HaMechaber (Hebrew: "The Author") and as Maran (Aramaic: "Our Master") or Maran Beth Joseph aka קארו, יוסף בן אפרים


Spain/ Safed ,Israel 1488 – 1575

Comments: Rabbi; Talmud; Qabalist; while best known for explaining Jewish Law and custom for the average person, did intense mystical WORK to know and converse with God's personal pathway to him, his HGA the Maggid (the One Who Speaks) in its projective form, and the Mishna in its Feminine form; other recorded Maggid were with Joseph Taitazak, RaMak AKA Moses ben Jacob Cordovero , Shlomo Alkabetz , Rabbi Moshe Zacuto aka The ReMe'Z, Menachem Azaria of Fano and Isaac Luria, The ARI ; expelled from Spain age 4; performed miracles in his Kan Gishmi aka Fountain of Blood courtyard; expected Messiah 1540; after Jacob Berab reconstructed the Sanhedrin or Congress of 70 in 1538, Karo succeeded him as leader;



Teachers: Solomon Molcho, whom he saw burnt at the stake in 1532, Ambassador of the King of Hubar the Jew; perhaps David Reubeni who was either running a con for profit or to convince Europe their Jews needed to be well treated to entice the Ten Lost Tribes, as he represented Tamerlane & the Mongols, to join Europe against… Byzantium and eventually the Arabs in the Holy Land; Joseph Taitazak, Qabalist ; Jacob Berab; Maimonides; his Holy Guardian Angel the Maggid aka Mishna; friendly rivalry with Isaac Luria, The ARI; Jacob ben Asher aka Ba'al ha-Turim aka Rabbi Yaakov ben Raash aka Rabbeinu Asher, commentor on the Turim Code1280 – 1340; Sa'adya Gaon; Rashi AKA Shlomo Yitzhaki ; Joseph Dara; Rabbi Abraham Aben Ezra; Father Ephraim Caro; Uncle Isaac Caro; Yehuda Halevi; Judah Al-Hazizi @1200; Abraham ibn Daud the RaVad; Rabbi Asheri, 1250 – 1328; Judah Asheri, burnt at the stake 1391; Rabbi Jeruham, @ 1300; Aaron Levi, the Ra'ah; Rabbi Chaim Albalag aka Al-Balgari of Nocopolis; Abraham Saba, author of Zeror Hamor aka the Bundle of Myrrh, 1440–1508; son Isaac Saba; Rabbi Moshe Isserles aka the Rema; Isaac Aboab, 1433 - 1493; Abarbanel aka Isaac Abravanel; Joseph Taitaẓak of Salonika; Abraham Abulafia; Isaac Alfasi, The RIF; Judah HaQadosh aka Yehudah HaNasi; RAV AKA Abba Arika; ROSH AKA Rabbi Asher ben Jehiel;



Students: Moses Alshech aka Moishe Alshek aka the Holy Alshek, 1508 – 1600; Moses Galante @ 1600; Shlomo Alkabetz; Abraham Galante, author of Kinat Setarim; Moses de Lerea; Abraham Ha-Levi; Israel Nagara; Barachiel Kapdan, author of Penimiut ha-Hakmah; Nahmani aka Nahman Fatofa; Rabbi Elhanan David Karmi of Reggio; son Solomon (named after Solomon Molcho the martyr); Son Judah; daughter Tammah; Isaiah Hurwitz aka The Shelah, author of Shene Luhoth Haberith, 1570 - 1620; Isaac Bingo of Jerusalem; Rabbi Joshua Hershel ben Jacob of Lubin; Rabbi Meir ben Abraham of Lwow; Rabbi Nata ben Moses Mordecai of Ostrow; Rabbi Hayyim ben Samuel Levi of Kermnitz; Rabbi Menahem Mendel of Przemysl; Rabbi Meshulam ben Abraham Salzburg of Lwow; Rabbi Jonah ben Isaiah Teomim of Prague & Grodno; Uri Shraga Fabius of Wilno; Elishna Ashkenazi; Simeon Katz; I. D. Grinfeld of New Pest, Hungary  ; Heinrich Graetz, 1817 - 1891; Abraham Geiger, 1810 - 1874; S. Finn, author of Ha-Karmel; S. P. Rabinowitz; David Cahan; D. J. D Azulai, 1726 - 1806; H. D. Azulai @ 1921; Nehemiah Bruell; Solomon Schechter; S. Dubnow; Rabbi Zevi Eichenstein of Zedichev; Rabbi Isaac of Komarno, 1806 - 1874; Abi Ad Sar Shalom Basilea of Mantua, author of Emunath Hakamin, 1730, 1680 - 1743; Rabbi Solomon Levi Alkabez, author of Menoth Halevi; Rabbi Shlomo Alkabetz; Rabbi Chaim Joseph David Azulai;RaMak AKA Moses ben Jacob Cordovero, author of Seder Aziluth;; Chaim Vital; Elijah de Vidas, author of Reshith Hakamah; Yeḥiʾel Avraham ben Binyamin ha-Leṿi Barlev; Philip S. Alexander; Dr. Hirsch Loeb Gordon ; Rabbi Elijah Gordon, author of Dibre Elijah; Moshe Idel; Louis Jacobs; Rabbi Yechiel Bar-Lev , author of Yedid Nefesh aka Song of the Soul; David Conforti; Arthur Szyk, artist; Heinrich Graetz, author of Die Geschichte der Juden; Louis Ginzberg, 1902; Gedaliah ibn Yahya, author of Shalshelth ha-Kabbalah, 1515 - 1587;Menachem Azaria of Fano, author of Pelah ha-Rimon; Solomon Aviad Sar-Shalom Basilea aka (Abi Ad Sar Shalom Basilea of Mantua, author of Emunath Hakamin, 1730, 1680 - 1743;) Menahem Mendel of Rimanov, author of Tifereth Menahem; Jehiel Michael of Zlotchow; Jacobus G. Swart, author of "The Book of Seals and Amulets," 2014; the Bueno de Mesquita family; Chuck Furnace;


Friend: Rabbi Moshe of Trani; Jacob Villarreal of Egypt; Rabbi Joseph Taytazak of Turkey; Elazar Ezkari, author of Sefer Haredim;

Enemies: Azariah dei Rossi but paid to have Karo's work printed; Joseph Nasi; King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella of Spain; Levi Ben Jacob Habib of Jerusalam; Moses Maharam de Trani aka the Hamabit; Rabbi Yom Tov Zahalon; S. I. Rapoport; David Cassel; S. Rosanes;

Similar: Abraham Ben Moses De Botonauthor of Lehem Mishneh; Elijah Capsali, @1483–1555;


Organizations; Rabbinical Court of Safed; The Little Lions (Luria was The Lion, or Ari); Misrash Maran, his synagogue; Talmudic Academy of Adrianople, 1520;

Author: last great codification of Jewish law, the Shulchan Aruch שולחן ערוך aka The Set Table; explanation of Rambam's Mishneh Torah, Kesef Mishnah, 1574; Beth Yosef (בית יוסף), a commentary on Arba'ah Turim, the current work of Jewish law ; Beth Joseph, 1550; Sefer Darash av : kolel derashot le-khol shabtot ha-shanah, le-moʻadim veli-regalim ... le-khol parshiyot ha-Torah aka Derashot aka Derashot (sermons of) R. Yitsḥaḳ Ḳaro, (ed) I. J., & Regev, S. , 1995; Sefer Maggid Mesharim, his Conversations with his Holy Guardian Angel; Yad Hahazakah, on Maimonides aka Rambam; Bedek Habbayith, published 1605; Sefer ha-Kazer aka The Short Version; Keseph Mishnah, 1574; Kelale ha-Talmud, 1598; Abkath Rokel, published 1791; Teshuboth, 1598; Derashoth aka Or Zaddikkim, published 1799; Commentaries of Rashi, 1040; Commentaries of Asheri, 1328 aka Asher ben Jehiel; Commentaries on Nahmanides, 1195 aka Ramban ; Commentaries on the Mishna; Kupath Harokelim aka Abkath Rokel aka The Powder of the Spice Merchant, posthumously published 1790; Or Zaddikim, 1799; Maaseh Beit Din; Sefer ashle ravreve aka ספר אשלי רברבי : שלחן ערוך [מטור] יורה דעה [ עם המפרשים]; Beit Yosef al HaTorah : Maran Yosef Karo; Drashot Maran; Maggid Meisharim; Maran HaBeit Yosef : Pirkei Machshava v'Musar, Etzot & Segulot; Maran HaBeit Yosef : Rabbi Yosef Karo; She'elot U'Tshuvot Beit Yosef al Even HaEzer; Shulchan Aruch Menukad with Peyrush Baer Heitev (15 volumes); Shulchan Aruch Menukad with Peyrush Baer Heitev (5 vol.); Toldot Yitzchak al HaTorah (2 vols);


Quotes: "one who paces his conjugal relations from Shabbat eve to Shabbat eve (Fri night - Saturday sundown) will be rewarded with righteous sons" (from Sha'are Orah or Gates of Light, pg. 69-70) because Tzadik (righteous) = Shabbat, the essence of El Chai;



Resources:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Karo ; http://www.ou.org/pardes/bios/caro.htm ; http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/franklin/record.html?filter.subject_facet.val=Cabala%20Early%20works%20to%201800&start=25&id=FRANKLIN_2445527& ; look for Jacobs, Louis. ―The Communication of the Heavenly Mentor to Rabbi Joseph Karo‖ = CHAPTER 10 of Jewish Mystical Testimonies, 1977 - Six passages from Maggid Mesharim; a copy of Maggid Mesharim in Hebrew I am slowly translating, while I search for the Yechiel Bar Lev translation to compare; The maggid of Cairo. The mystic life of the eminent codifier Joseph Caro as revealed in his secret diary, based on unpublished manuscripts by Hirsch Gordon Loeb, a psychologically based study; http://browse.nypl.org/iii/encore/record/C__Rb20250642__Ssefer__P30%2C755__Orightresult__U__X6?lang=eng&suite=def; http://seforimcenter.com/HEBREW-Books/Rabbi-Yosef-Karo__c-p-0-0-73-763.aspx ;