Margaret Fuller

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Margaret Fuller AKA Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli

America 1810 – 1850


Comments: Suffragette; Transcendentalist; Transcendentalism; first woman allowed to use the library at Harvard College; abolitionist, emancipation of slaves; favorite expression "I accept the Universe"; died in a shipwreck off Fire Island; Created an alias for herself as "Miranda" as she wished to be; Held "Conversations" for women in Boston, 1939-1840; somewhat anti-Semitic;

   By birth a child of New England
   By adoption a citizen of Rome
   By genius belonging to the world  ... Slater, Abby. In Search of Margaret Fuller. New York, 1978


Teachers; Elizabeth Palmer Peabody; Johann Wolfgang von Goethe; Mary Wollstonecraft, mother of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley; George Sand AKA Lucile Aurore Dupin AKA The Baroness Dudevant; Adam Mickiewicz; Charles Fourier; Olympe de Gouges in France, author of “Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen” ; Emanuel Swedenborg; Washington Allston , 1779 –1843;


Students: Amos Bronson Alcott; Henry David Thoreau; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Susan B. Anthony; Ida Craddock ; Alice Bunker Stockham; Julia Ward Howe; Thomas Higginson; Bell Gale Chevigny; Charles Capper; John Matteson; Megan Marshall; Emily Dickenson; George Elliot AKA Mary Anne (or Mary Ann or Marian) Evans; Matthew Arnold; Simone de Beauvoir; Betty Friedan; Ursula K. Le Guin ; Rita Mae Brown; Shalamith (Shuli) Firestone; Fran Luck of WBAI; Kathie Sarachild; Kate Millett; Aileen Hernandez; Letty Cottin Pogrebin; Ann Snitow; Robin Morgan; Marilyn Webb; Ellen Willis; Anne Koedt; Jo Freeman; Alice Mayhew; Kathie Sarachild; Anne Forer; Carol Giardina; Anselma Dell'Olio; Ti-Grace Atkinson; Susan Brownmiller; Meredith Tax; Elaine Showalter; Phyllis Chesler; Ellen Frankfort; Elizabeth Fisher; Abigail Heyman; Inna Shevchenko; Anna Hutsol ; Aliaa Magda Elmahdy; Amina Tyler; Aleksandra Nemchinova; Yana Zhdanova; Oksana Shachko; Yana Zhdanova,; and Alexandra Shevchenko of Femen; Russian punk activists Pussy Riot ;Mary Thom; Gloria Steinem; Bella S. Abzug; Jane Fonda, actress and Feminist; Marianne Moore, poetess; Mary Moore, her Mom; Hanna Rosin, author; Emilia, Lady Dilke (1840-1904); Wallace Stevens, poet, Hartford, CT; Isabella Beecher Hooker, Harriet Beecher Stowe's half sister; Buckminster Fuller, her grandnephew; Inez Milholland Boissevain, 1886 – 1916;


Friends: Horace Greeley, Newspaperman; Giovanni Ossoli, Common-law husband; Harriet Martineau; John Quincy Adams; General the Marquis de Lafayette ; George Sand; Thomas Carlyle; Giuseppe Mazzini; General Giuseppe Garibaldi; Nathaniel Hawthorne; Sophia Peabody, his wife; William Henry Channing; James Freeman Clark; Anne Charlotte Lynch; James Nathan; Marcus and Rebecca Spring;


Enemies: Edgar Allan Poe, who divided Humanity into Men, Women, and Margaret Fuller; Frances Sargent Osgood; Samuel Stillman Osgood; Elizabeth F. Ellet; Anne Lynch Botta; Lydia Maria Clarke; Elizabeth Barrett Browning;

Organizations: New York Tribune; Transcendental Club

Author: Woman in the Nineteenth Century, 1st Feminist publication in USA; first editor of the transcendentalist journal The Dial, 1840; "The Great Lawsuit"; Summer on the Lakes, 1844; Poems: The One in All ; Winged Sphinx; My Seal Ring; Sub Rosa-Crux; "Double Triangle, Serpent and Rays"; Meditations ;


Quotes: “Reverence the highest, have patience with the lowest. Let this day's performance of the meanest duty be thy religion. Are the stars too distant, pick up the pebble that lies at thy feet, and from it learn the all”; “Our capacities, our instincts for this our present sphere are but half developed. Let us be completely natural; before we trouble ourselves with the supernatural” ; But in the earth and fire, water and air, Live earnestly by turns without despair, Nor seek a home till home be every where!; Through brute nature upward rising, Seed up-striving to the light, Revelations still surprising, My inwardness is grown insight; Patient serpent, circle round , Till in death thy life is found , Double form of godly prime , Holding the whole thought of time, When the perfect two embrace, Male and female, black and white , Soul is justified in space, Dark made fruitful by the light, And centred in the diamond Sun, Time, eternity, are one ; The pass-word now is lost , To that initiation full and free , Daily we pay the cost , Of our slow schooling for divine degree; : “I am ‘too fiery’ … yet I wish to be seen as I am, and would lose all rather than soften away anything.”;



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_Fuller;The New Yorker magazine April 1, 2013, pgs75 - 81 ; Emerson, Thoreau, and the Transcendentalist Movement lecture series, Professor Ashton Nichols ; listen to here work here - http://librivox.org/woman-in-the-nineteenth-century-and-kindred-papers-relating-to-the-sphere-condition-and-duties-of-women-by-margaret-fuller/ ; http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/12/topless-jihadis-inside-the-worlds-most-radical-feminist-movement/282503/ ; http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/author/2829 ;