Mark Twain

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Mark Twain AKA Samuel Langhorne Clemens AKA "Thomas Jefferson Snodgrass"

America 1835 – 1910


Comments: Humorist ; Hartford, CT boy; Polar Star Lodge No. 79 A.F.&A.M., based in St. Louis, 1861, then a member of Wyllys Lodge # 4 (now Wyllys-StsJohn #4), Freemason; Humorist; satire; printing press; abolitionist and pro women's rights; paid for at least one black person to attend Yale Law School;


Teachers: steamboat pilot Horace E. Bixby; James W. Nye, the governor of Nevada; Bret Harte aka “the Bohemian”; Artemus Ward; Dan DeQuille ; Nikola Tesla; Helen Keller; Anne Sullivan; Artemus Ward ; George Barnes; Prudence Crandall, who taught Black girls in Canterbury, CT;

Students: Paul Krassner; Chuck Furnace; Wavey Gravey; Robert Anton Wilson; Thomas Edison; Paul Jordan-Smith; Joseph Nunes; Emile Gauvreau, who saved his mansion in Hartford on Farmington Ave; Ernest Hemingway ; Ben Tarnoff; Jack London; Jourdon Anderson (1825 - 1905), slave humorist; Charles F. Browne aka "Artemus Ward." aka Charlie Brown, (1834-1867) ;

Friends: Marie Corelli; Olivia Langdon, wife; Harriet Beecher Stowe (his next-door neighbor) ; Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, her brother who sent rifles to Abolitionists, called Beecher Bibles; Frederick Douglass; William Dean Howells; Henry Huttleston Rogers, of Standard Oil; Ina Coolbrith; President William Howard Taft; Charles Dudley Warner; his wife Susan Warner; Ina Coolbrith; Charles Warren Stoddard; Henry George; Henry H. Rogers, patron;

Enemies: Dr. William Scott Ament, missionary; Samuel Bowles of the Springfield Republican; Gen. Joseph R. Hawley of the Hartford Courant; James G. Blaine ;

Organizations: Society for Psychical Research; honorary membership in the secret society Scroll and Key of Yale University; Freemasonry; Authors' Club; Beefsteak Club,;Vagabonds; White Friars; Monday Evening Club of Hartford; Bohemian Club in San Francisco; Princeton University's Cliosophic Literary Society, Honorary member; the Angel Fish and Aquarium Club for little girls; Asylum Hill Congregational Church ;

Author: The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873); The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876); The Prince and the Pauper (1881); Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884); A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (1889); The American Claimant (1892); Pudd'nhead Wilson (1894); Tom Sawyer Abroad (1894); Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc (1896); Tom Sawyer, Detective (1896); A Double Barrelled Detective Story (1902); A Horse's Tale (1907); The Mysterious Stranger (1916, posthumous)plus numerous short stories, essays, newspaper articles, speeches and impersonations by later comedians; articles in The Hartford Daily Courant; “How to Make History Dates Stick, 1914 aka the Memory Builder game;

Quotes: "Few Sinners were ever saved after the first twenty minutes of a sermon" ; The man who doesn’t read good books has no advantage over the man who can’t read them; Let us endeavor so to live that when we come to die even the undertaker will be sorry;


Resources: http://www.cmgww.com/historic/twain/; The Twain House and Museum on Farmington Rd, Hartford CT; http://www.marktwainproject.org/; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Twain_bibliography ; listen here - http://librivox.org/author/9 ; http://happynicetimepeople.com/mark-twain-social-science-awesome/ ; http://www.courant.com/news/connecticut/courant-250/hc-250-mark-twain-0216-20140216,0,2533654.story ; http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/03/20/how-mark-twain-became-mark-twain-by-going-to-california.html ; http://www.salon.com/2014/03/22/how_mark_twain_became_mark_twain_the_amazing_story_of_the_lectures_that_made_him_a_superstar/ ; http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2015/03/05/mark_twain_memory_builder_samuel_clemens_game_for_learning_historical_dates.html ;