Masonic Rites

From Opus
Jump to: navigation, search
Masonic Rites 

annotated and adopted from A General History of Freemasonry (Freemason) by Emmanuel Rebold tr. J. Fletcher Brennan, 1875 and other sources


PRE-DATING FREEMASONRY[edit]

Genesis 11:4–9, no historical evidence - The Tower of Babel, but as Nimrod in the Bible is really Gilgamesh, the Babylonian of the Enuma Elish saga, it may be based on the Ziggurats which looked like steps to the Heavens


957 BCE - King Solomon's Temple

@ 500 BCE - The Dionysian Artificers, a general rather than specific group of Greek architects and builders as envisioned with little archaeological or historical but greathe enthusiasm by Br. Hippolyto Joseph da Costa, 1820


538 BCE - King Solomon's Temple rebuilt by Zerubbabel


20 BCE - King Solomon's Temple rebuilt and expanded by King Herod the Great


52 CE - The Roman Constructors appear in England, see tubular stone of Chichsester, discovered 1725


132 CE - King Solomon's Temple destroyed


290 CE - after Rome withdrew from England, Constructors or Companies contract with Numa Pompilius and Admiral Carausius, with Alvanus as 1st Grand Master of the Masonic Corporation of Great Britain.

296 CE - Admiral Carausius dies, succeeded by Constantius Chlorus, who moved Grand Lodge to York, England

350 - 430 - Corporations of Artists and Operative Masons of many sorts organize, Roman final retreat in 426 CE

557 - Saint Augustine of Hippo aka Saint Austin appointed Grand Inspector of the Masonic Fraternities, according to Rebold, seems unlikely he was in England (Hippo is in Algeria, Carthage, both Africa, Rome, Milan, both Italy) especially as he lives 354 - 430, so died 100+ years earlier


614 - Pope Boniface IV appoints Masonic Corporations alone the right to build sacred buildings

620 - Viking raids disrupt civilization, Masonic learning retreats to Monasteries, with St. Aloysius of Noygen (659), St. Ferol of Limoges, Bishop Dalmac of Rhodes and Agricola of Chalons (680-700) & Abbott Bennet of Wirral (680) leading the Monk/ Architects


636 ? - The Order of St. Isidore of Seville of Isidore of Seville, in Spain is formed

652 - The Lombard Builders of Italy Comacine Masters (aka magistri comacini) Guilds of Masons aka The Builders of (Lake) Cosmo, and also the Maestri Campionesi from Campione, Italy


691 - The the Dome of the Rock Mosque built on the site of King Solomon's Temple

700 - 850 Records of these times disappeared, rumored to have been destroyed by Dr. James Anderson when he reinvented the Craft for the new line of English Kings, 3 years after the Stuart Young Pretender Bonnie Prince Charley landed troops in Scotland, only to be chased back to France.

850 - Saxon King Ethelwolf appoints St. Swithin as Director of the Freemasons

900 - Edward, King of Mersey names his son Ethelward and in-law Ethred as Grand Inspectors of Masonry

925 - King Athelstan reconstitutes the Masonic Corporations and confirms York as the Grand Lodge

926 - Charter of York worked out in 925 adopted, Prince Edwin Grand Master

960 - St. Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury Grand Master

1040 - King Edward The Confessor is Protector of Masons, with Count Leofrick of Coventry his GM

1066 - Roger of Montgomery, Count of Arundel Grand Master (GM)

1100 - King Henry IV is Grand Master himself


1145 - in Rouen, France, international meeting of Freemasons to build Chartres Cathedral


1155 - Richard Coeur de Lion aka Richard the Lionhearted, already GM of the Knights of the Temple (the original Crusading Templar Knights) becomes Grand Master of the Masonic Fraternity of Great Britain (says Rebold, however, Richard was 1157 – 1199, so he would have not been born for 2 years in 1155... he returns from Crusade to England in 1194 (well, his English Kingdom in Normandy, France, but to power) so if this happened, Emmanuel Rebold had the date wrong, but might very well have happened as he was a Crusader, had been unjustly imprisoned by other Catholic Kings, whose ransom had bankrupted the Kingdom, but remained very popular. He only gets to enjoy 5 years more, so if it happened, probably between 1195 - 1199)


1190 King Henry 11 conferred the Gilda Mecatoria (the Guild Merchant ) on the people giving them the right to trade.The earliest Guilds to emerge were the Tanners, 1361, the Weavers, 1399, Ironmongers and Carpenters, 1422. Nineteen Guilds are listed in a book of 1475-6.

1185 - Marquis of Penbroke, Gilbert of Clare Grand Master


1212 - William Allemain Grand Master

1250 - Grand Lodge of Cologne brings Freemasonry to Germany

1268 - The Ordre du Croissant aka Order of the Crescent aka Ordine della Luna Crescente of Charles I of Naples and Sicily, 1268 revived in 1448 or 1464 by René I, king of Jerusalem, Sicily and Aragon ;

1275 - In Germany, Erwin of Steinbach (1275 - 1275) calls the Masonic Congress & is elected Grand Master aka Meister vom Stuhl of the Haupt-hiitte Grand Lodge, mentions the square, compasses and Letter G


1277 - Pope Nicholas III confirms only Masons can build Churches, reaffirming Pope Boniface IV's promise in 640

1314 - Legend has it King Robert the Bruce aka Robert I of Scotland, 1274 – 1329, of Scotland founded the Order of Harodom aka Herodom aka ‘’’Rite of Heredom’’’, at Kilwinning, Scotland aka the Order of the Knights of St. Andrew , Order of Saint Andrew du Chardon (of the Thistle) of Scotland aka Order of the Thistle, revised 1754


1334 - Pope Benedict II confirms promises of Popes Pope Boniface IV & Nicholas III

1348 - Order of the Garter (aka Knights of St. George) founded by founded by King Edward III, 1312 – 1377, also see Elias Ashmole and King Charles I of England and the Masonic Apron lecture

1350 - Order of the Black Swan aka Companie du Cigne Noir or Compaignie du Cine of Amadeus VI of Savoy


1358 or 1390 - King Edward III of England revises the Charter of York from 926, see the J.O. Halliwell manuscript aka the Regius Poem aka the "Old Charges" in Latin

1364 - Order of the Savoyard Collar of Amadeus VI of Savoy, Amadeus III of Geneva and Galeazzo Visconti


1403 - Order of the Aragonese Stole and Jar aka The Jar of the Salutations


1429 - Order of the Golden Fleece of Phillip the Good aka Philip III, Duke of Burgundy, 1396 – 1467


1408 - Order of the Dragon aka Societas Draconistarum of Vlad II aka Dracul, Prince of Wallachi, and Father of Vlad III aka Bram Stoker’s Dracula, AKA Vlad The Impaler


1492 - Parliament tried to break the Masons Union, but protests cause the King to back off

1438 - James II of Scotland imposes a tax on Masons, see documents in the Law Library in Edinburgh

1439 - As the taxes were slow to pour in, King James then appoints William Sinclair or the St. Clair family of Roslin (who build the unusual Chapel at Roslin) "Patron of Masonry" to supervise the handing out of jobs and the enforcement of membership taxes

1442 - King Henry VI of England becomes a Masons, and makes his Courtiers "Accepted masons""

1459 - The Stonecutters of Strasburg revise German Freemasonry in Ratisbonne, followed by a 2nd convention 1464, then a 3rd in the Rhineland-Palatinate town of Speyer aka Spire, Germany, of Emperor Maximillian;

1502 - Grand Master and King Henry VII lays the cornerstone of Westminster Chapel in Masonic style

1522 - The Swiss Grand Lodge is dissolved

1539 - King Francis the 1st of France suppresses Freemasonry

1540 - Grand Master Thomas Cromwell, Count of Essex, great grand uncle of Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector, he was a pupil of master politician Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, Protestant Inquisition leader, Order of the Garter awarded 1537 beheaded by King Henry VIII and replaced with Lord Audley

1550 - The Duke of Somerset takes Audley's place when the King beheads him as well.... not a happy King, that Henry VIII

1551 - Queen Elizabeth initially tries to suppress, then relents and becomes the Protectoress of Freemasons, and appoints Thomas Sackville Grand Master for England

1563 - German and Swiss Masons organize in Basle, Switzerland

1564 - German Freemasons meet at Strasbourg, Germany

1590 - King James IV of Scotland grants a charter to Grand Master Patrick Copland of Urdaught for Alberdeen, Baniff & Kinkardine


1598 - New statutes of King James VI accepted by the Scottish Lodges, Sir William Schaw Master of Works to King James VI of Scotland, proclaims 1st and 2nd Schaw Statutes


1607 - King James the 1st of Great Britain becomes Protector of Masonry and appoints Inigo Jones Master of the London Masons or Grand Master of England and Scotland...King James Bible


1630 - ancestors of William Sinclair or the St. Clair family of Roslin declared hereditary Grand Masters in Scotland

1630 - The beheading of King Charles the 1st, whom Elias Ashmole served in the Knights of the Garter and who identified the "martyred" King with Hiram in the Freemason legend, proclaiming England his Widow and all True Englishmen the Widow's Sons


Freemasonry goes underground during much of Oliver Cromwell's Protectorate , secret Science and Philosophic Clubs spring up like The "Invisible College" in Oxford of Robert Boyle and the The Physico-Mathematical Experimental Learning Club at Gresham College, 1600 of Reverend John Wilkins, which lead to a royal charter for The Royal Society AKA Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge


1663 - King Charles II convenes the Masons at York, and appoints Henry Germain, Count of St. Albans Grand Master and legitimizes the two Stuart degrees of Scottish Master and Templar, created by their sympathizers while in exile in France

1666 - a year many thought would bring the Apocalypse (1 + 666, the Number of the Beast) brought the great fire of London and Bubonic plague. Sir Christopher Wren was Grand Master of Operative Masons, and with his college Dr. Robert Hooke, rebuilt London and employed many Masons


1685 - James Francis Edward, Prince of Wales aka James III aka "The Old Pretender" reestablished the Order of the Knights of St. Andrew of 1314 (although claimed by Emmanuel Rebold, this must be incorrect, as James III is 1688 – 1766 and was not likely to be doing ANYTHING in 1685, 3 years before his birth), maybe 1754, unless he meant James the II...King James II was deposed in 1688, efforts to return him to England were called Jacobitism, from Jacobus, the Latin form of James); With the help of "Scots" and "French" Masons, James II's son, James Francis Edward Stuart, the "Old Pretender", attempted to gain the British throne in 1715 ("the Fifteen") but failed to do so. His son, Bonnie Prince Charley tries and fails 1745. Note that the Hanover's order the 4 oldest London Lodges to incorporate as a Grand Lodge and take control of the Craft within the United Realm in 1717, two years after the 1st Jacobean revolt with the help of the Scots. The creation of the Premier Grand Lodge of England was a Whig and Hanover response to the divided loyalties many felt towards the old Stuart King line and the new, German, Protestant Hanover line.


1693 - The Royal and Military Order of Saint Louis aka Ordre Royal et Militaire de Saint-Louis aka the Order of Saint-Louis, in France, still around in 1763 for the Chevalier d'Eon


@ 1700 - Daniel Coxe has a Warrant or Charter in America, but never activates it

1703 - Sir Christopher Wren being busy rebuilding London, the Four Masonic Lodges of London, urged on by the Lodge of Antiquity aka St Paul's, called a meeting of the Craft to revive the Fraternity and Accept more gentlemen


1715 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart aka Bonnie Prince Charlie aka The Young Pretender, attended by Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay, leads the 1st Jacobean Revolt in Scotland, aided by the Scottish Lodges in semi-secret... what had been gossip just got real, "my Bonnie lies over the ocean"! And he is coming home to London to take back his Crown!


1717 - Sir Christopher Wren, the last Master of Operative Freemasonry, dies and the Craft is reborn under the new line of Kings and Queens, the Hanovers (William and Mary, Queen Anne, King George I aka George Louis aka Georg Ludwig of Hanover and the next few Georges), establish the beginning of Modern Freemasonry (the Moderns) with close traditional ties to the Prince of Wales and British monarchy. Dr. James Anderson and John Theophilus Desaguliers created this system of Lodges in part to frustrate Jacobean efforts to use the secrecy of the Lodge and the Scottish / French degrees aka Scottish aka High Degress for political cover.


1718 - George Payne Grand Master in England


1719 - John Theophilus Desaguliers elected Grand Master


1720 - George Payne Grand Master in England again

1721 - John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu aka Viscount Monthermer aka Lord Viscount Montague, 1690 – 1749, Grand Master of Masons in England

1723 - Dr. James Anderson published the Constitutions of Masonry of the Hanoverian Grand Lodge aka The Constitutions of the Free-Masons containing the History, Charges, Regulations, & of that most Ancient and Right Worshipful Fraternity- For use of the Lodges


1725 - Lord Derwentwater brings a Charter from England to France and organizes the Lodge of St. Thomas, what will become the English Grand Lodge of France, under his successor Lord Harnswester in 1736, who was then replaced by the 1st Frenchman Grand Master in 1738, the Duc de Autin, who risked imprisonment to accept the title, as Louie the XV had forbidden Freemasonry and fined those who allowed Lodges to be held on their property. He was followed by Louis, the Duc de Bourbon aka Count of Clermont in 1743. These London chartered Lodges were suspect in France, at almost constant war with England, and the French aristocracy favored the competing "High Grade" degrees of the Scottish or Jacobin Rite of Ramsay, (aka Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay ), 1736, led by M. Lacorne, and its many successors and precursors like the Rite of Perfection or aka "Weak Observance" of the Chevalier de Bonneville aka Nicolas de Bonneville, the Rite of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund, the Eclectic Rite, from Germany by Baron von Knigge, 1754 revised in 1782, and the Rite of Zinnendorf, in Berlin, in 1760, revised 1798, of

Baron von Zinnendorf, all of which led to the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry 

and York Rite of Freemasonry today - see other entries on this page and the OPUS.

1760 - “le Chevalier d’Occident et Royal Arche, dernier Grade de la maçonnerie Suèdoise” by Brother Carl Björnberg,of the “La Parfaite Union” Lodge;

In 1766, the Grand Lodge of France forbid its members any communication with ANY of the degrees beyond the 3 Ancient and Accepted degrees, setting up a schism with the Scottish Degrees, etc. The French government reacted by forbidding the Grand Lodge of France (which it suspected on British sympathies) to meet after a near riot. It was not reopened until 1771, when the Duc de Chartres, Louise Phillipe Joseph d'Orleans, accepted both Grand Masterships (the "English Rite" of the Moderns, the "French " Scottish Rites, the Emperors of the East and West) and lifted the prohibition, appointing the Duc de Luxemborg his substitute.


1725 - King George I created the Most Honourable Order of the Bath aka the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath


1729 - Grand Lodge or Ireland, after some resistance, adopts Modern Freemasonry, elects Viscount Kingston as Grand Master


@ 1729 - The Grand Lodge of York (in England) was outraged by this London / Hanover power-grab, but reluctantly realized it had lost the momentum and revised it's Constitution in line with the Grand Lodge of London design



1731-2 - Freemasonry comes to Russia, Ivan Perfilievich Yelaginaka aka John Yelguine reorganized the Lodge founded in the German Quarter of Moscow by Franz Lefort, Jacob Bruce, John Phillips , Partrick Gordon, and John Keith, 3rd Earl of Kintore as GM. in 1771, Ivan aka John Yelguine worked with Queen Catherine II to co-opt Freemasonry, using 1st the Rite of Strict Observance system as the Grand Lodge of the Order of Vladimir, 1775, then the Swedenborg Rite, aided by Nikolay Novikov & opposed by Johann Georg Schwarz, who favored the Weak Observance system of Baron von Zinnendorf and formed the the Grand Landlodge of the Freemasons of Germany. Her son, Czar Paul I, championed the Templars, aka Order of the Knights of the Temple and became Grand Master of the Order of Malta, 1798

Franz Lefort formed the Neptune Society, a Masonic, Alchemical and a necromancer Lodge! General James Bruce, Grand Master of the 1st lodge in Moscow, belonged to it.


1733 - Henry Price brings a Warrant or Charter from Anthony Lord Viscount Montague to open Lodges to America, opens a Lodge the The Bunch of Grapes Tavern in Boston as St. John's Lodge 7/30/1733;

1773 - Grand Orient de France (GODF) aka Continental Freemasonry, formed out of the Grand Lodge of France


1734 - Ben Franklin opens a Masonic Lodge in Philadelphia, PA, and reprints Dr. James Anderson's Constitutions


1734 - Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, Grand Master in England


1735 - Freemasonry comes to Holland


1735 - Freemasonry comes to Sweden, but the Grand Lodge not formed till 1760. While first using the Rite of Perfection of Nicolas de Bonneville it switched to the German Rite of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund then to the Christian Swedish Rite or Swedenborg Rite. King Gustavus III established a Templar body from the the Rite of Strict Observance materials, and claimed to have the ashes of it's last Templar Martyr, Jacques de Molay.


1736 - reluctantly, the then Patron of Masonry for Scotland, William St Clair of Roslin aka Baron Sinclair of the St. Clairs of Roslin, allowed the reformation of the 4 oldest Edinburgh Lodges into The Grand Lodge of St. John of Scotland, retaining the Baron as its 1st Grand Master in 1737... he had trouble restraining the "Stuart" Jacobean Scottish Lodges, particularly at Cannongate Kilwinning, from initiating some members into the "Haut" or High degrees from the Scottish or Jacobin Rite of Ramsay, (aka Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay ), well organized in France by 1737... this lead them to organize..


1744 - The Mother Lodge of Kilwinning aka the Royal Grand Lodge and Chapter of the Order of Herodim of Kilwinning, abandoning the primary 3 degrees to the competing The Grand Lodge of St. John of Scotland and concentrated on the Scottish Master and Templar degrees. While not wildly successful in Scotland, their Charters and Warrants created Lodges in France (The Ardent Amitie aka Close Friends Lodge aka the Grand Chapter of Herodim) in Rouen, 1786, America and elsewhere


1739 - 1742 - Austria Masons organized under the leadership of Queen Maria Theresias' husband, Grand Master Franz Stephan von Lothringen in the 'Aux trois Canons' Lodge, despite his wife's opposition. Their son Joseph II allowed The Grand National Lodge of Austria to be formed... but further oppression led in 1869 to Austrian Masons meeting in Hungary, as the Symbolic Grand Lodge of Hungary. These Lodges all practiced the French Scottish Rite of Freemasonry as detailed by Louis, the Duc de Bourbon aka Count of Clermont combined with the German Rite of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund

1749 - Denmark Freemasonry started by the Baron of Munich as St. Martin's Lodge, becoming the Grand Lodge in Demark in 1780 under Count Damekiold Laurvig, GM, using the German Rite of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund. After 1855, they adopted a combination of the Swedenborg Rite and Baron von Zinnendorf 's ‘’’Swedish-Berlin system’’’ aka ‘’’Rite of Zinendorf’’’. The Baron of Bulow organized the Commandry of Templars, with Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick as leader.

1756 - Carl Friedrich von Eckleff aka Baron Carl Friedrich Eckleff, author of the Christian Swedish Rite of Freemasonry, based on the Swedenborg Rite


1777 - an Irish Mason, Laurence Dermott broke off from "The Moderns" to form the Ancients aka Antient Lodges aka the Antient Grand Lodge of England, which incorporated remaining Masonic lore from Ireland, Scotland and Wales and was less slavishly beholden to the King and Royal Family, particularly fond of the Royal Arch degree


1783 - King George III created the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick with Lord Buckingham

1764, Lambert de Lintot created the Rite of Seven Degrees, the Grand Master was the Prince of Clermont, while the Deputy Grand Master was the Duke of Chartres; claimed it was from Royal Order of Heredom of Kilwinning, Scotland; Lintot would expel Prince Charles Edward Stuart aka Bonnie Prince Charley aka “Grand Master, Grand Commander, Conservator, Guardian of the Pact and Sacred Vow of the Christian Princes” ,1774;

Count Carl Fredrik Scheffer wanted to reform the Christian Swedish Rite of Freemasonry of Carl Friedrich von Eckleff aka Baron Carl Friedrich Eckleff, in Sweden’s first St. Andrew’s lodge, L’Innocente, using the 7 Grade system of the Royal Order of Heredom and the Clermont Rite;


Edinburgh chapter of the Royal Order of Heredom, 1754; William Bousie (a wine merchant from Bordeaux) was a member, and later Swedenborg Rite of Freemasonry leader in England, Germany and Avignon France;

Royal Order of Heredom taught Man becomes his Higher Self, a perfected Human Self and an Angel


1782 - Lambert de Lintot directed a College of Rites for various Ancient Masonic Lodges; claimed his teachings “bring to Perfection Masons all over the surface of the Earth up to the 7th and 9th Heaven”; “I am the light of Wisdom who support the Philosophical Stone”; Merged his Rite of Seven Degrees was practiced in “St. George de l’Observance” & “L’Esperance” Lodges, with Baron Karl von Hund 's Strict Observance and involved climbing a ladder;


1833 - The Grand Orient of Belgium aka Grand Orient de Belgique aka Grootoosten van Belgie aka G.O.B. formed


English Grand Masters - 1813 - Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex and sixth son of George III & favorite uncle of Queen Victoria; Thomas Dundas, 2nd Earl of Zetland; George Robinson, 3rd Earl de Grey; Prince Albert aka King Edward VII; Prince Arthur; Prince George, Duke of Kent; Henry Lascelles, 6th Earl of Harewood; Edward Cavendish, 10th Earl of Devonshire; Roger Lumley, 11th Earl of Scarbrough; currently Prince Edward, Duke of Kent


1910 - the competing the Grande Loge de France (GLdF) is formed, reinstating the need to believe in Deity, and based their rituals on the Catholic Rectified Scottish Rite of Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, the Order of Knight Masons of the Elect Cohens of the Universe aka the "Temple Coen" AKA le Elus Ecossais aka l'Ordre de Chevaliers Maçons Élus Coëns de l'Univers AKA the Elus Cohens , of Martinez de Pasqually and the Templar Strict Observance aka the Rite of Strict Observance, 1751 of Baron Karl Gotthelf von Hund, as well as the degrees previously listed as influences.


??? _ "Keeper of the Golden Rose" , a Catholic Honorary Fraternity for Royalty in partnership with the Pope?

We pick up the story of modern Freemasonry below:



FREEMASONRY[edit]

Society of the Horseman's Word as reported by J. M. McPherson, George Ewart Evans, and Hamish Henderson for Scottish Horse handlers The Miller's Word The Toadmen of The Fens of East Anglia Ancient Order of Foresters Loyal Order of Ancient Shepherds aka Ancient Order of Royal Shepherds aka the Shepherds Friendly Society Odd Fellows aka Oddfellows, 1730, England (Glorious Revolution of 1688 (when the Protestant William of Orange replaced the Catholic King James II), by the mid-18th century, the Order of Patriotic Oddfellows had formed in the south of England, supporting William,[26] and The Ancient Order of Oddfellows had formed in the north, supporting the Stuarts)



Rite of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, aka the Modern English Rite of three symbolic degrees, by the Grand Lodge of London in 1717 ( see Dr. James Anderson and John Theophilus Desaguliers) of The Moderns, descended from the Square Mason (as opposed to Arch Mason) Guilds after the Hanover Royal Line took over from the Stuarts


The Knights Templar , Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry and the York Rite of Freemasonry have complex histories, which is one of the reasons for this annotated article. It has turned into an interesting project, examining the actual Rites when possible, looking at similarities and differences to better understand both the philosophy, politics and evolution of these systems.


the Royal Arch or York Rite of seven degrees, practiced in the United States of America, and the higher degrees of which are believed to have been arranged, by Lawrence Dermott, (aka Laurence Dermott) of the Ancients aka Antient Lodges, 1777 revised after the Joseph Cerneau‎ version of the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry ended, (see York Rite of Freemasonry, Thomas Smith Webb),

The York Rite as practiced in America today consists of 3 bodies, the Royal Arch degrees which "complete" the Blue Lodge Master Mason degree and are situated in King Solomon's Temple. The Capitular (Arch) & Cryptic degrees, which continue the Old Testament story, and the Knights Templar which emulate the New Testament and the Crusades. Many of the degrees have... parallels in the A. A. Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, and it is still very active today. The Arch Guild of London of Christopher Wren (as opposed to the Square Guild, which wore Blue to their Red) was transformed after the Stuart Kings fell into the Chapter of the Royal Arch aka Council of Royal and Select Masters. The Royal Arch degree aka Holy Arch , from the Ancients, was added to the 3 Modern degrees as an independent body in America, 1800.


the Cryptic Masons of Kent seem to be the source of The Cryptic Degrees, also of the Council of Royal & Select Masters aka Council of Cryptic Masons. The origin of the Cryptic Rites seems to be the Council of Cryptic Masons in 1784, revised 1880, by Thomas Lownds of NY and Philip Eckel of Baltimore, from the General Grand Council of Cryptic Masons International. Jeremy L. Cross may have joined it to the Royal Arch, as part of the York Rite of Freemasonry in 1818.



the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite aka Scottish Rite of Freemasonry , comprising thirty-three degrees, believed to have been extended from the Rite of Perfection of twenty-five degrees to its present number, in Charleston, S. C., in 1802, finalized, 1804 (see Estienne Morin, Albert Pike,Joseph Cerneau), Dr. Albert Mackey, still very active today in both Northern and Southern Jurisdictions, USA.


the Order of Modern Templars, or Knights Templar, comprising three degrees, practiced in the United States of America and Great Britain, successor of the secular Templars of Strict Observance, this rite was arranged in France in 1804 (see Rite of Strict Observance), the only organization in Freemasonry in which Religion plays a role, as as Knights swear to defend the Christian Faith. The Knights Templar , or the French / Scottish degrees were added to the American [[York Rite of Freemasonry]] as the independent but not sovereign General Grand Encampment of the Knights Templar, 1816. Only available after taking the York Rite of Freemasonry Royal Arch and Cryptic degrees. {OPINION - it seems many Masons race through the 1st 2 bodies and put their attention into the Knights Templar, which tends to leave them understaffed to teach , initiate and advance their candidates and members to the KT... IMHO}


the Order of the Eastern Star, 1866, of Rob Morris & Robert Macoy, for married couples to attend together

The order of Amaranth organized by Queen Christina of Sweden, 1653, revived in the USA by Robert Macoy & J. B. Taylor at Newark, NJ, 1883 as a co-ed Adoptive Masonry consisting of the Degrees of the Eastern Star, the Queen of the South (AKA Daughter of the Nile), and the Amaranth. The all became separate organizations, the Eastern Star already existed, organized by Robert Macoy and Rob Morris in 1866, Amaranth in 1883, and Daughters of the Nile as the women's organization of the Shrine, from earlier Clubs such as The Isis Club and Zuhrush's Ladies.


The Tall Cedars of Lebanon Lodges are family oriented

The Rainbow Girls aka International Order of the Rainbow for Girls is a youth organization for daughters, like the The Girl Guides Association of Britain aka Girl Guides, the Girl Scouts and Brownies

The DeMolay aka the Order of DeMolay for Boys is the sons and nephews organization, like the Knights of Pythagoras of Prince Hall Masonry, sort of like the Boy Scouts, which while not themselves Masonic, were started by Freemason Daniel Carter Beard in America, 1910, based on the work of Lord Robert Baden-Powel in England


1889 - The Mystic Order of Veiled Prophets of the Enchanted Realm aka the Grottoes, are limited to Master Masons. It was organized in Hamilton Lodge 120, NY by LeRoy Fairchild,

Prince Hall Freemasonry is the historically Black Freemasons Lodges. CT has led the way in breaking down the color barrier in the Brotherhood, and many jurisdictions "recognize" Prince Hall and Blue Lodges, much of it due to the historic efforts of W.B. Raymond H. Dragat of the Philosophic Lodge of Research, who began fighting segregation in the Lodge room in 1959

Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine (aka Shriners) of Freemasonry

Co-Masonry (aka The Order of Universal Co-Freemasonry in Great Britain), men and women together, not necessarily couples , working as equals

Le Droit Humain is Co-Masonry in France, where co-ed masonry got started


EXTINCT RITES, or those absorbed into SOME EXISTING RITE[edit]

Rite of Misraim, from Paris, comprising ninety degrees, invented by Lechangeur, of Milan, in 1806, and introduced into France by Mark and Michael Bedarride, 1815 (search OPUS for Gad Bedarride, father & Joseph, Mark and Michael Bedarride separately)


Rite of Memphis, comprising ninety-five (? not 97?) degrees, an extension the Rite of Misraim, made by Marconis de Negre aka Gabriel Mathieu Marconis de Negre AKA Marconis the Negro and his son Jacques-Etienne Marconis de Negre, 1838 (see Rite of Memphis and Misraim and The Oriental Memphis Rite 97°)


the Ancient and Primitive Rite of Masonry in America of Harry Seymour, based on the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, Joseph Cerneau's version and the Rite of Memphis and Misraim;

Scottish or Jacobin Rite of Ramsay, (aka Chevalier Andrew Michael Ramsay), 1736

Scottish Jacobin Rite aka the Sovereign Primordial and Metropolitan Chapter of Rosicrucian Freemasons, created by Prince Charles Edward Stuart aka Bonnie Prince Charlie aka The Young Pretender, 1747


De la Vieille Brue, or the Faithful Scotsman Rite, Toulouse, 1748


the Scotch Philosophic Rite of eighteen degrees, in Belgium, 1776 derived from it of from the Scots Philosophic Rite below?


The Scots Philosophic Rite ,1766, of ’’’ Lazare Bruneteau’’’ (of Maçon à Le Lardin Saint Lazare) , 11 degrees (three Craft degrees - Entered Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason, then Perfect Master 4d, Select Philosophic Knight 5d, Knight of the Sun 6d, Grand Scots Mason 7d, Knight of Iris 8d, Knight of the Luminous Ring 9d, Knight of the White and Black Eagle 10d, and Grand Inspector Commander 11d.)


the Philosophic Scottish Rite of Auguste de Viany of Tuscany


the Rite of Perfection aka (at that time) the ‘’’Rite of Heredom’’’, 1754, of the Chevalier de Bonneville aka Nicholas Bonneville aka Nicolas de Bonneville (1760 - 1828) at Paris, It incorporated the ‘’’Council of Emperors of the East and West’’’ rites. ‘’’Monsieur Pirlet’’’, 1758, seems to have been the author. His system was based on M. Lacome's initiation and that is the Rite brought to South Carolina by Estienne Morin to became the basis for the 33 degrees of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry, 1802; It included The degrees were: 1. Apprentice 2. Fellow Craft 3. Master 4. Secret Master 5. Perfect Master 6. Intimate Secretary 7. Intendant of the Building 8. Provost and Judge 9. Elect of Nine 10. Elect of Fifteen 11. Illustrious Elect, Chief of the Twelve Tribes 12. Grand Master Architect 13- Royal Arch 14. Grand, Elect, Ancient, Perfect Master 15. Knight of the Sword 16. Prince of Jerusalem 17. Knight of the East and West 18. Rose Croix Knight 19. Grand Pontiff 20. Grand Patriarch 21. Grand Master of the Key of Freemasonry 22. Prince of Libanus 23. Sovereign Prince Adept Chief of the Grand Consistory 24. Illustrious Knight Commander of the Black and White Eagle 25. Most Illustrious Sovereign Prince of Freemasonry, Grand Knight, Sublime Commander of the Royal Secret or 25 degrees in all



Rectified Scottish Rite of Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, created from Baron von Hund's system of Templarism and Rite of Strict Observance, 1751 as soon as he died, this French Catholic flavored Freemasonry became very popular @1777


the Refined Scottish or Reformed Ancient Rite in Belgium, arranged as the successor of the Rite of Perfection, after the Congress of Wilhelmsbad, in 1782, (see Rectified Scottish Rite and Rite of Strict Observance)


Rite practiced by the Grand Lodge of Stockholm, commonly called the Swedish Rite, aka Swedenborg Rite , aka System of Swedenborg (aka Emanuel Swedenborg), comprising eight degrees, 1773


the Eclectic Rite, from the Grand Lodge of Frankfort and Hamburg, known as comprising three degrees, arranged, in conformity with the opinion expressed by the Congress at Wilhelmsbad, in 1782, by Baron Knigge (aka Baron von Knigge AKA Adolph Franz Friedrich Ludwid Baron Von Knigge), in 1783

the Modern French Rite, by the Grand Orient of France, comprising seven degrees, a compromise with the" General Grand Chapter of the Rite of Perfection," organized, in 1783, as the successors of the" Grand Council of Emperors of the East and 'West, Sovereign Prince Masons," and adopted in 1786


1780 - The Red Cross of Constantine, reworked in 1865 by Robert Wentworth Little and Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie;


Rose Croix rectified of Schroeder Rite existed briefly in Marburg, in Hesse Cassel, Germany, 1766. created from the Zinnendorf Rite and Rite of Strict Observance of Baron von Hund by Fredrich Ludwig von Schroder , an actor and Stage Manager;


Fessler's Rite, practiced by the Grand Royal York Lodge of Berlin, 3 degrees and a chapter, 1796. Ignaz Aurelius Fessler, who translated the English ritual of 1762 for use. Consisted on the 3 degrees; The Holy of Holies; Justification; Celebration, True Light, The Country and Perfection. In such, it covered the Ecossais (Scotch French) Rite; the Chapter of Clermont of the Duc de Bourbon; Rose Croix aka Rosy Cross; the Rite of Strict Observance of Braon von Hund; Order of the African Architects; the Initiated Brothers of Asia aka Order of the Asiatic Brethren; The Swedish System (pre - Swedenborg Rite); Baron von Zinnendorf's Swedish-Berlin system aka Rite of Zinendorf; The Royal Arch degree of England, now in the York Rite of Freemasonry; The Eighth degree is Christian, having to do with Jesus' death and it's inspiration on the Gnostics; he drew additional material from the Golden Dawn Cross, aka Golden and Rosy Cross, the Iluminated Chapter of Sweden, perhaps part of Antoine Joseph Pernety's The Illumines d'Avignon; and an Ancient Chapter of Clermont, perhaps the ritual of Nicolas de Bonneville.


Rite of the Grand Lodge at the Three Globes aka the Rite of Weak Observance;, in Berlin, comprising twenty-five degrees, as arranged to admit, in 1760, the high degrees then prevalent, but which was reduced to ten degrees in 1798 the brainchild of Baron von Zinnendorf aka Johann Wilhelm von Zinzendorf aka Johann Wilhelm Ellenberger aka Eques a lapide nigro, the Knight of the Black Stone, (1731-1782), the adopted nephew of Moravian Brotherhood leader Count Nicholaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf;


Rite of Zinendorf, at the National Grand Lodge of Germany, at Berlin, comprising seven degrees, 1767 , by Baron von Zinnendorf aka Johann Wilhelm von Zinzendorf aka Dr. Johann Wilhelm Ellenberger aka "Eques a lapide nigro" aka the Knight of the Black Stone


Order of the North Star of Sweden of Thomas Henry Huxley


Great Enlightened Society of Oculists of Count Friedrich August von Veltheim of of Wolfenbüttel, Germany

the Order of the Knights of St. John (the Johanniterordens) of Paul Lascaris

The Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta of Caravaggio


Rite of Noah, arranged as the Order of the Noahchites in 1735 (see Michele Moramarco of the "Antico Rito Noachita" aka "Ancient Noachide Rite")

Revived 1757 by M. de St. Grelaire as The Order of " Noachites, or the Prussian Knights;


Rite of Herodom of Kilwinning) aka Heredom, or Holy Mountain) , 1740 (see The Ancient & Accepted Rite of Heredom spelling and title as well) was one of the sources of The ‘’’Rite of Perfection’’’, the ‘’’Modern French Rite’’’ and the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry

Rite or Order of Fidelity, by Chambonet ,1742

Rite or Order of the Anchor , 1744

Knight of the Order of the Thistle of Prince Augustus Frederick of England

Rite of the Areopagists, 1746

Order of the Agathopades, (see Voltaire), originating in Belgium, revised by Antoine-Guillaume-Bernard Schayes, 1846, based upon the 5 points of the Pentagram


Rite of the Elect of Truth, at Rennes, 1748, 1776 - The Rite of the Elect of Truth aka Rite des Elus de la Vérité from the Lodge of Perfect Union, Rennes, France of 12 degrees, consisting of - The Knight Adept degrees of 1. Apprentice, 2. Fellow Craft, 3. Master Mason (the 3 Blue Lodge degrees) plus 4. Perfect Master, the Royal Arch, then the Elects of Truth Council, consisting of 5. Elect of Nine, 6. Elect of Fifteen, 7. Master Elect, 8. Architect, 9. Second Architect, 10. Grand Architect, 11. Knight of the East, 12. Prince of Rose Croix aka Rose Cross or Rosicrucian


Rite of the Old Daughter-in-Law, by Lockhart, 1749 or 1750

Rite of the Illuminati of Stockholm, founded in 1621, and resuscitated in France, under Masonic forms, in 1750 as the Rite or Order of Prussian Knights , 1756 See Adam Weishaupt, revived it from the ashes of the "Order of Perfectibilists", 1776

Rite of the Clerks of Strict Observance, or Clerical Templar system, founded by the Jesuits, and united, in 1776, with the Secular Templars, also of the Jesuits ,1756 (grain of salt here, Br. Rebold sees Jesuits and Israelites everywhere)


the Clerks of Relaxed Observance, of Johann August Von Starck aka J. A. Stark, (1741 - 1816) of Germany, in contrast to von Hund's Strict Observance. Clerical Templarism in 1771

Baron Tschoudy aka Théodore Henry de Tschoudy creator of the Order of the Blazing Star, based on du Collège des Quatre fois Respectables Maîtres Écossais de Saint André d'Écosse , author of Alchemical Catechism & UEtoile Flamboyan, based on a myth of Knights of the Morning and of Palestine, 1766

Rite of Knights of the East, by Pirlet ,1757 (see Estienne Morin)

In one of many schisms, M. Lacome, established a competing Rite, Council of the Emperors of the East and West, in 1761, perhaps based on his knowledge of the Council of Princes of the Royal Secret founded at Bordeaux, 1759


Rite of the Emperors of the East and West, Sovereign Prince Masons, This was the Rite of Herodom aka Heredom extended to the Rite of Perfection of twenty-five degrees, by Pirlet, perhaps to counter Lacome's competing Lodge system, 1758 (see Estienne Morin)


Rite of Strict Observance, or modified Templar system of seven degrees, known as the Secular Templars, 1760 (see Baron von Hund and the (see Rectified Scottish Rite)

Rite of the African Architects aka Order of the African Architects aka Afrikansche Bauherren, 1762 or 1766, of Karl Friedrich von Koppen, 1734-1797 and Bernhard Hymann, 1731-1787, both authors od Crata Repos with Noah’s son Ham as the 1st Grand Master, who is also Menes ( aka Mani);


Baron Schudy's five rites, named respectively the Asiatics, the Patients, the Seekers, the Princes of Death, and the Reformed of Dresden, Rite of the Flaming Star', 1762 - 1766. Because he is accused by Rebold of being an agent of the Jesuits and his ultimate Rite uses a Pentagram, this little known Freemason's system is infamous among Conspiracy Buffs who like to consider Freemasons as somehow Jesuits, Jews and Satanists (all competing belief systems) all rolled up in one scary package)


Rite of the Rose Cross, founded by Valentine Andrea aka aka Chrisitan Rosencruz aka Johann Valentin Andreae, 1616, and resuscitated, under Masonic forms, 1767

Rite of the Knights of the Holy City, 1768 (see the Rectified Scottish Rite and Beneficent Knight of the Holy City (Chevalier Bienfaisant de la Cité Sainte) or CBCSV

Scottish Judges of Martinez de Pasqually, 1754, Montpellier, France, before setting up...

The Rite of the Elected Cowans aka the ‘’’Order of Elect Cohens’’’, by Martinez Paschalis aka Martinez de Pasqually, 1768

Rite of the Black Brethren, 1770

Scandinavian Rite, and the Hermitic Rite, 1772

Rite of the Philalethes, 1770, by ‘’’ Lavalette de Langes’’’ aka Savalette de Langes, Court de Gebelin aka Antoine Court de Gébelin, the Prince of Hesse & Marquis de Chefdebien aka Marquis Francois de Chefdebien de Saint-Amand , from the Lodge ‘Amis Réunis’ aka Reunited Friends , Paris, 1770 of 12 degrees, joined with the Rite of Narbonne in 1784, secretly joined with the Bavarian Illuminati of Adam Weishaupt of the Illuminati


Rite of the Illuminati of Stockholm, founded in 1621, and resuscitated in France, under Masonic forms, in 1750 as the Rite or Order of Prussian Knights , 1756 See Adam Weishaupt, revived it from the ashes of the "’’’Order of Perfectibilists’’’", 1776


Rite of the Illuminati of Bavaria, by Prof.Weisshaupt aka Adam Weishaupt, 1776

Rite of the Independents, and Rite of the Perfect Initiates of Egypt, 1776

Rite of the Illuminati of Avignon aka ‘Illumines d’Avignon" , 1760, being the system of Swedenborg, see Swedenborg Rite , and (see Emanuel Swedenborg, Antoine Joseph Pernety, Theodor Reuss), Karl Eckartshausen, 1779


Anton Joseph Pernetti aka Antoine Joseph Pernety of the Academy of the Illuminated Philosophers aka Illuminated Theosophers, resembled Swedenborg Rite The Illumines d'Avignon was the 1760 initial group

Rite of the Philadelphians of Narbonne, a rite of ten degrees, founded by some pretended superior officers, major and minor, of "the Order of Free and Accepted Masons", 1780

Rite of the Martinists, founded by St. Martin...aka Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin, 1780

L'Ordre Martiniste Traditionnel, of Victor Blanchard in 1886

Order of Unknown Philosophers of Constant Chevillon

also Order of Unknown Philosophers of Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin

High Armanen Order aka Hoher Armanen Orden, of Guido von List


Rite of the Sublime Masters of the Circle of Light, 1780

Rite of Knights and Nymphs of the Rose (one degree) , 1781

Rite of the Masons of the Desert, 1781 (could this be the ancestor of the Shriner degree?) or the OTO?

Egyptian Rite aka the Hermetic Rite, by Count Cagliostro , 1781 see also Samuel Honis, John Yarker of the Antient and Primitive Rite of Masonry

Rite of Universal Harmony, by Dr. Anton Mesmer, 1782

Rite of the Illuminati of the Zodiac, 1783

Rite of Zoroaster, 1783

Rite of High Egyptian Masonry (adoptive), by Count Cagliostro, 1784 (see the Egyptian Rite of 1781 above for reference)

Rite of Adonhiramite Masonry, 1787

Rite of the Holy Order of the Sophists, by Cuvelier of Treves, 1801


Rite or Order of Modern Templars, founded by Drs. Ledru and Fabre-Palaprat aka Bernard-Raymond Fabre-Palaprat, 1804 (see Carl Kellner, Theodor Reuss, and Aleister Crowley)

Rite or Order of Mercy, 1807

Rite or Order of Knights of Christ, by E. de Nunez, 1809

Rite of Order of French Noachides (NOAH, not HIRAM) aka Napoleonic Masonry, 1816 (see Michele Moramarco of the "Antico Rito Noachita" aka "Ancient Noachide Rite")

Rite of Rigid Observers, founded by some officers of the Grand Orient, 1819 (see Estienne Morin)

Persian Philosophic Rite, created in Erzrum in 1818, and introduced in France in 1819

The Order of Eri of Br. F.G. Irwin, 1858

Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem of Albert Schweitzer


Ancient and Primitive Rite of Misraim in England, by Robert Wentworth Little, 1870

the Tuscan Order of Saint Stephen of Paolo Alessandro Maffei

The Order of the Bath of Sir Austen Henry Layard


MAGICAL MASONIC ORDERS AND RITES[edit]

the Order of the Asiatic Brethren aka Die Ritter des Lichts (aka Knights of the Light) AKA Order of Knights and Brothers of the Light ; Die Brueder St. Johannes des Evangelisten aus Asien in Europa (aka the Asiatic Brethren of St. John the Evangelist in Europe) of Hans Heinrich von Ecker und von Eckihoffemwith such Qabalistic scholars as Baron Thomas von Schoenfeld (born a Jew, Moses Dobruška later to become a Monk, Junius Frey) & Ephraim Joseph Hirschfeld

it's sister group, the Order of the Golden and Rosy Cross of Rabbi

Johann Friedrich Falk, a  member of the Kabbalistic College of London ; King Friedrich Wilhelm, it's financial sponsor; Sigmund Richter AKA Sincerus Renatus ; Hermann Fictuld, AKA Baron Johann Friedrich von Meinstorff, co-founders; and Hans Heinrich von Ecker und von Eckihoffem;

the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor of P. B. Randolph, Max Theon, Peter Davidson, Pascal Themanlys, Thomas Burgoyne, and indirectly, The Mother AKA Mirra Alfassa or Mirra Richard; Sri Aurobindo and C.C. Zain

Elus Cohens aka l'Ordre de Chevaliers Maçons Élus Coëns de l'Univers of Martinez de Pasqually, Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin of Martinism


Order of the Star in the East of Krishnamurti

The Theosophical Society of Madam Blavatsky , Col. Henry Steel Olcott & Annie Besant

the Order of Little Fools of the Moravian Church's young Christel Zinzendorf, son of Count Nicholaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf

August Order of Light of Dr. Maurice Vidal Portman, 1880s

The United Order of Enoch of the Mormon founder Joseph Smith

the Ancient Druid Order AKA An Druidh Uileach Braithreachas of George Watson MacGregor Reid, Godfrey Higgins & Isaac Bonewits


the Secular Order of Druids of Ronald Hutton

Order of Bards, Ovates and Druids of Ross Nichols

the Order of Chaeronea of Rev. Montague Summers and George Cecil Ives


The Order of Twelve from 1911 became the Rosicrucian Order Crotona Fellowship, 1924 of George Alexander Sullivan and Peter Caddy

the Royal Oriental Order of Sikha, of Frederick Holland;

1896 - Confraternita Terapeutica e Magica di Myriam (aka the Therapeutic and Magic Brotherhood of Myriam of Guiliano Kremmerz aka Ciro Formisano


The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn of Rev. A.F.A. Woodford; William Wynn Westcott; Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers; William Robert Woodman;

New Reformed Orthodox Order of the Golden Dawn of Aidan Kelly

Order of the Golden Dawn (OGD) of Pat Zalewski

the Order of the Independent and Rectified Rite aka the short-lived Independent and Rectified Rite of the Golden Dawn, by A.E. Waite aka Arthur Edward Waite;

Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia, (SRIA) of Robert Wentworth Little and William James Hughan

the Mysteria Mystica Aeternua aka Mystica Aeterna Lodge of Rudolf Steiner

Kabbalistic Order of the Rosy Cross aka Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose-Croix ( O.K.R.C.) of Papus, Saint-Yves d'Alveydre, Joséphin Péladan (aka by the Persian surname Sâr Joséphin Péladan} and the Marquis Stanislas de Guaita;


the splinter group the Catholic Order of the Rose Cross, aka the Temple and The Grail, of Stanislas de Guaita based on Jakob Bohme, 1890


"Order of Rose +" of J.W. Hamilton-Jones


the Order of the Alchemical Rose of W.B. Yeats

The Hermetic Order of the Temple of Starlight of Dion Fortune

Order of the Morning Star of Madeline Montalban, 1945

Order of the Table Round (aka Ordo Tabulae Rotundae) of Robert Felkin


The Acadamia Masonica of Carl Kellner, essentially the upper degrees of the OTO Sex magick, taught only to Master Masons, using that terminology to order the Indian Tantra secrets he had picked up during his pilgrimage there. More Shakti Indian oriented than Aleister Crowley's anti-Christian Revelations of St. John Beast and Scarlet Woman motif.


A.A. (Order of the Silver Star) of Aleister Crowley and George Cecil Jones


OTO AKA Ordo Templi Orientis AKA Order of the Temple of the East AKA the Order of Oriental Templars of Carl Kellner, Franz Hartmann, Theodor Reuss, Aleister Crowley, Grady McMurtry AKA Hymenaeus Aplpha and Hymenaeus Beta AKA William Breeze

The Typhonian OTO of Kenneth Grant

The Society Ordo Templi Orientis in the Americas of Marcelo Motta aka Marcelo Ramos Motta


Église Gnostique (Gnostic Church) of Jules Doinel, Jean Bricaud AKA Tau Jean II and Paul Sédir and eventually Samael Aun Weor via Dr. Arnold Krumm-Heller, who fled Germany for Brazil;

Primitive Scottish Rite, revised 1991 by Robert Ambelain, Albert Cools and Andre Fages claimed to be based on a French 1751 system, but actually was based on the “Early Grand Scottish Rite” published in 1890 from the Modern Grand Lodge of Scotland;

The Great Brotherhood of God AKA Gnostic Body of God (GBG) aka The Choronzon Club of Cecil Frederick Russell and Louis Culling


Order of the Keltic Cross of Ithell Colquhoun

Fellowship of Isis, of Olivia Robertson, 1976

"Holy Order of Mother Earth" (aka HOME) of Gwydion Pendderwen

the Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis (AMORC) of H. Spencer Lewis and earlier Emile Dantinne;

Sovereign Order of the Temple of Initiation of H. Spencer Lewis


Order 'L'ORDRE DE LA ROSE-CROIX CATHOLIQUE EST ESTETHIQUE DU TEMPLE ET DU GRAAL'; C.R.S.O.(Commision de recherches scientifiques sur l'occultisme) of Emile Dantinne

"Sovereign Chapter of Knights of the Black Eagle Rose+Croix" aka “Souverain Chapitre des Chevaliers de L”Aigle Noir" of Jean-Baptiste Willermoz, Societas Rosicruciana in Anglia devoted to Alchemy


The Order of Melchizedek aka the Priesthood of Melchisedeq, of Johann Georg Gichtel

Order of Melchizadek of William G. Gray, R.J.Stewart and Hiram E. Butler

Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua of Arnold Krumm-Heller

The Rosicrucian Fellowship of Max Heindel

"The Order of the Magi" , 1889 of Olney H. Richmond

the Universal Order aka the Order of Ancient Wisdom aka the Hermetic Truth Society Alvin Langdon Coburn aka L. A. Bosman aka "Maby-y-Trioedd" (Son of the Triads) aka "Deus Portarum Lucis", (1882 – 1966)

the Esoteric Order of Dagon (EOD) of Steven Greenwood AKA Randolf Carter

Order of Osiris Egypt aka the Grand Egyptian Order aka Brotherhood of Myriam of Pasquale De Servis

The Holy Order of Saint Brigit, of Chas Clifton

Ancient Order of the Rosicrucians (AOR) of Elias Rubenstein & Daniel Wagner

the Sovereign Order of the Old Rosa-Cruz Brothers, of Roger Caro, 1971;

Order of Spiritual Alchemy of Nicholas Tereschenko

Order of the Pyramid and the Sphinx of Tamara Bourkoun

Ancient Mystical Order of the Knights of Shamballa of Rafal T. Prinke of Poland

The Order of the Essenes of Grace Ann Brown

The Order of the Nazoreans Essenes, of Abba Yesai Nasrai (aka Davied Asia Israel)

The Order of Shining Trapezohedron or "O.S.T." , of Edred Thorsson

"Royal Order of Tibet" of George Adamski, One of the "Four Georges" of UFO fame

the Order of Setne Khamuast within the Temple of Set', of Don Webb


Fraternal Organizations[edit]

Loyal Order of the Moose, 1881, of Rodney H. Brandon

Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks

Lions Clubs International

Rotary Clubs

Independent Order of Odd Fellows

Hellfire Club aka the Order of Knights of West Wycombe aka the Monks of Medmenham Abbey of Sir Francis Dashwood, 15th Baron le Despencer, and Samuel Johnson

NOTE – while Emmanuel Rebold and Robert Freke Gould produced incredible histories of Masonic research, it should be noted that Rebold saw Jesuits and Jews in every corner, perhaps believing the hoaxes of Leo Taxil aka Gabriel Jorgand-Pages despite his personal experience in the Grand Orient of France.


Other Resources: Resources - https://troyspace2.wordpress.com/2009/01/03/1754-rite-of-perfection -jesuits- clermont-college-paris-scottish-judges-martinez-at-montpellier-strict-observance- rite- baron-hund-germany-just-a-coincidence/ ; http://www.aasrschenectady.org/lib/Freemasonry/Scottish%20Rite/Folger%20R%20B%20-%20The%20AASR%20in%20thirty-three%20degrees%201881.pdf ; http://freemasoninformation.com/ masonic-education/esoterica/the-secret-tradition-in-freemasonry/masonic-systems-of- alchemical-degrees-and-the-hermetic-rite-of-baron-tschoudy/ ; http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/high_degrees_freemasonry.html ; https://mega.co.nz/#F!MEEHwIJI!P6qEmDubd1ZgNg6dcBld1g; Knights of Columbus https://mega.co.nz/#F!YcFVTJiQ!TgnjNAxLCOZV6vWVBvPcAQ ; Knights of the Golden Circle https://mega.co.nz/#F!0ZVjnZTT!OQdyrGDoNdF9MauUUYmyQw ; Sons of Temperance https://mega.co.nz/#F!pUMizLyJ!LQq2RSLWun5QPgnTdh0EqQ ; The Orange Society https://mega.co.nz/#F!EJVn2BSS!B9vr6g0G4ZUEndGLFJ0ARQ; The Odd Fellows https://mega.co.nz/#F!oB91DJgS!d4xOila8MeVrQ80lOxZdIw ;