Michel Foucault

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Michel Foucault AKA Paul-Michel Foucault


France 1926 – 1984


Comments: Philosophy of power and social control; social anthropology of medicine and psychology; history of human sexuality; gay; often depressed and suicidal; sado-masochistic sexual activity; the anti-psychiatry movement during the 1960s; took LSD in Death Valley 1975 ; supported Iranian Revolution initially; HIV positive led to AIDS; discourse analysis;


Teachers: John Wilkins; Søren Kierkegaard; Friedrich Nietzsche; Antonin Artaud ; Jean Hyppolite ; Louis Althusser; Louis Girard; Karl Marx; Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel; Georges Canguilhem ; Pierre-Maxime Schuhl; Immanuel Kant; Edmund Husserl ; Martin Heidegger ; Gaston Bachelard; Ivan Pavlov; Jean Piaget Karl Jaspers; Sigmund Freud; Hermann Rorschach; Samuel Beckett; Maurice Blanchot; Hermann Broch; Marquis de Sade; Fyodor Dostoyevsky; Franz Kafka ;Jean Genet; Ludwig Binswanger; Émile Durkheim; Margaret Mead; Georges Dumezil; Georges Canguilhem; Jean-Paul Sartre; René Descartes; Jules Vuillemin; Georges Bataille; Johann Sebastian Bach ; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Jorge Luis Borges

Students; James Miller; David Macey; Judith Miller; Didier Eribon; Philip Stokes; Jürgen Habermas; Lee Morgan, 2016;

Friends: Jean Baudrillard, then enemy; Jean Delay, his psychiatrist; Jean Barraqué, lover; Jacqueline Verdeaux; Jean-François Miquel; Jacques Papet-Lépine; Daniel Defert, lover; Jacques Lacan; Claude Lévi-Strauss; Roland Barthes ; Gérard Deledalle; René Magritte, surrealist artist; Yves Montand ;Simone Signoret; Jacques Derrida; Paul Veyne; Pierre Bourdieu; Georges Dumézil; Gilles Deleuze; Noam Chomsky, linguist; Andre Schiffrin, publisher;

Enemies: Hitler; Sten Lindroth; Henri Gouhier;Roger Garaudy; Simone de Beauvoir, Sartre's partner and Sartre himself; Richard Rorty; Roger Scruton;

Organizations: the Prison Information Group (AKA Groupe d'Information sur les Prisons AKA GIP) ; inspired the "New Philosophers";

Author: Madness and Civilization; Birth of the Clinic: An Archaeology of Medical Perception; The Order of Things - An Archaeology of the Human Sciences AKA Les Mots et les choses ("The words and the things"); The Archaeology of Knowledge - L'archéologie du savoir, 1969; Discipline and Punish - Surveiller et Punir ; The History of Sexuality; Untimely Meditations (1873–1876); Mental Illness and Personality (Maladie mentale et personnalité); lecture - "The Conception of Love in French Literature from the Marquis de Sade to Jean Genet" : Folie et déraison: Histoire de la folie à l'âge classique (Madness and Insanity: History of Madness in the Classical Age); reviews in literary journals Tel Quel,Nouvelle Revue Française & Critique; Raymond Roussel, AKA Death and the Labyrinth: The World of Raymond Roussel, 1963; "What is an Author?", 1969; lecture -The Hermeneutics of the Subject ;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_Foucault; http://rauli.cbs.dk/index.php/foucault-studies/index