Moses Mendelssohn

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Moses Mendelssohn aka Nathan der Weise

Germany 1729 – 1786

Comments: Rabbi less a Qabalist, taught more about how to live a good life; started the Haskalah (the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries); Math;

Teachers: David Fränkel; influenced by Maimonides and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Aaron Solomon Gumperz; Friedrich Nicolai;

Students: Johann Daniel Müller aka “Elias Artista, of the “Les Roses d’Or” Lodge, Hamburg, 1770;

Friends: Isaac Bernhard; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing; Frederick the Great; Johann Kaspar Lavater,; Dr. Marcus Elieser Bloch; Dr. Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann aka Johann Jacob Zimmermann; David Friedländer; Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi; Richard Cumberland;

Descendent: Felix Mendelssohn, composer;

Enemies: beat Immanuel Kant to 1st prize offered by the Berlin Academy for an essay on the application of mathematical proofs to metaphysics;

Organizations: began the Reform Judaism movement;

Author: Philosophical Conversations (Philosophische Gespräche) , 1755; Pope a Metaphysician (Pope ein Metaphysiker); influenced? the Bibliothek and the Literaturbriefe,; On Evidence in the Metaphysical Sciences ; was give the privilege of Protected Jew (Schutzjude)by the King so he could live in Berlin; Phädon oder über die Unsterblichkeit der Seele (Phädon or On the Immortality of Souls; 1767; "Physiognomische Fragmente zur Beförderung der Menschenkenntnis und Menschenliebe" (1775–1778); Bi'ur (the explanation) (1783; On the Civil Amelioration of the Condition of the Jews,;