Nathaniel Hawthorne

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Nathaniel Hawthorne

America 1804 - 1864


Comments; the Master of Dark Gothic Romance, where hidden sin brings disaster; He added the W to his name to distance himself from his Great Great Grandfather, Judge James Hathorne of the Salem Witch Trials; Transcendentalist; friend and neighbor to all the Literary and Philosophic Giants of Massachusetts; married into the Peobody clan of Suffragettes; Women's Rights; Education reform; VERY shy, rarely spoke in groups; cared for his wife Sophie who was often ill, wrote, and entertained visitors in ones or twos; father of Dark Romanticism;


Teachers: Great Great Grandfather, Judge James Hathorne of the Salem Witch Trials; Captain Nathaniel Hathorne, Sr, father (disappeared at sea); Uncle Richard Manning; Uncle Robert Manning; Cotton Mather; Monk Lewis; Ann Radcliffe; Horace Walpole; Charles Fourier; Samuel Johnson; E. T. A. Hoffmann; The Brothers Grimm;

Students: Una Hawthorne, daughter; John Humphrey Noyes; Richard Henry Stoddard; D. H. Lawrence; James Russell Lowell; Louisa May Alcott; Camille Paglia; Henry James; George du Maurier, author of Trilby, 1894; John Greenleaf Whittier; Evert Augustus Duyckinck; Harold Bloom of Yale; Robert Browning ; Robert W. Chambers; Walter Gibson; Arthur Machen; Algernon Blackwood; Mary Wollstonecraft (Shelly); Percy Bysshe Shelley; Lord Dunsany; H. P. Lovecraft; Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward AKA Sax Rohmer, creator of Fu Manchu ; Stephen King, Horror writer; Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, creator of Sherlock Holmes; ; Dennis Wheatley; Ambrose Bierce; Sheridan le Fanu ; Bram Stoker, of Dracula; Oscar Wilde of The Picture of Dorian Gray; William Hope Hodgson;


Friends; boyhood and life long friends with President Franklin Pierce; wife Sophia Peabody Hawthorne aka "Dove" ; Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, education reformer; Mary Tyler Peabody Mann; Horace Mann; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow; Thomas Green Fessenden; Jonathan Cilley; Mary Silsbee; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Ellery Channing; Theodore Parker; Zoologist Louis Agassiz; Edwin Percy Whipple; Herman Melville, 1850, who dedicated Moby-Dick to his genius, 1851; Amos Bronson Alcott; Henry David Thoreau; Horace Mann; William D. Ticknor; Abraham Lincoln; Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr; James Thomas Fields; Edwin Percy Whipple; The one and only Margaret Fuller ; George William Curtis;

Enemies; Edgar Allan Poe;

Organizations; Bowdoin College, 1821; Phi Beta Kappa, 1824; Brook Farm,transcendentalist utopia, 1841; US Consul in England, 1853; Transcendental Club;


Author: The Scarlet Letter, 1850; The Spectator, 1820, a home made newspaper/ magazine; Fanshawe, 1828 but disavowed later; American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge, 1836; Twice-Told Tales, 1837 (a collection of previously published stories from magazines, the primary publishing vehicle of the time) aka The Snow-Image, and Other Twice-Told Tales; The Blithedale Romance, 1852; Mosses from an Old Manse; The House of the Seven Gables, 1851; The Life of Franklin Pierce, 1852; The Marble Faun aka The Romance of Monte Beni, 1860; The Dolliver Romance (unfinished), 1863; Doctor Grimshawe's Secret: A romance (unfinished), 1882; STORIES; "Young Goodman Brown" ; "The Minister's Black Veil" ; A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys, 1851; A Wonder-Book for Young and Old; Tanglewood Tales, 1853; My Kinsman, Major Molineux; Roger Malvin's Burial; "The Maypole of Merry Mount", 1837; "Dr. Heidegger's Experiment", 1837; "The Birth-Mark", 1843; "Egotism; or, The Bosom-Serpent", 1843; "The Artist of the Beautiful", 1846; "The Great Stone Face", 1850; Wakefield; Feathertop; Septimus Felton aka the Elixir of Life, 1872 in Atlantic Monthly; thwe likely rough draft called "Romance of Immortality" (unfinished); Doctor Heidegger's Experiment on immortality; Grandfather's Chair, 1840; The Great Stone Face and Other Tales of the White Mountains, 1889; The Celestial Railroad and Other Short Stories; "Dr. Grimshawe's Secret" (unfinished); "The Ancestral Footstep" (unfinished) ; NONFICTION: "A Collection of Wax Figures" , on crime; Children's story - Twenty Days with Julian & Little Bunny (Julian is his son), 1851;


Quotes: "I have not lived, but only dreamed about living"; "I find it a very sober and serious kind of happiness that springs from the birth of a child - There is no escaping it any longer. I have business on earth now, and must look about me for the means of doing it"; "If a man were sure of living forever, he would not care about his offspring"; " ..I am to grow old, and to be brown and wrinkled, gray-haired and ugly," ... But still there might be youth underneath, for one that really loved me to see"; "Why should I die? I cannot die, if worthy to live.... Let other men die, if they choose, or yield; let him that is strong enough live!";



Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hawthorne; http://www.hawthorneinsalem.org/; Henryu James on Hawthorne - http://www.gutenberg.org/files/18566/18566-h/18566-h.htm ; read him here - http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/author/28 ; especially http://www.gutenberg.org/files/7372/7372-h/7372-h.htm