Omar Khayyam AKA "the Shoulder of the Faith"
Persian / Babylon / Iran 1048 – 1131
Comments: though now best known as a poet and philosopher, great algebra and geometry scholar; Sufi ; astrologer; master of cubic equations and 3D geometry;
Teachers; Sheikh Muhammad Mansuri; Imam Mowaffaq Nishapuri; Euclid; Attar of Nishapur ; Sana’i ; Abū ʿAbdallāh Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, algebraist;
Students: Khalil Gibran; Rumi; Rainer Maria Rilke; G. I. Gurdjieff; Idries Shah; John G. Bennett; Al-Zamakhshari ; Thomas Hyde; Edward FitzGerald (1809–83); Rocky and Bullwinkle creator Jay Ward; Malik-Shah I; Thabit ibn Qurra; Persian mathematician Tusi; Sadeq Hedayat; Seyyed Hossein Nasr; Abdullah Dougan; Edward Fitzgerald , translator; Naphtali Zvi Imber, author of Hatikvah aka Tikvateinu aka "Our Hope"; Fibonacci;
Fellow Researchers: Al-Khazini ; Abu Hatim al-Muzaffar ibn Ismail al-Isfizari; Organizations:
Author: Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070); Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam; Explanations of the difficulties in the postulates in Euclid's Elements; the Book of Healing;
Quotes: The Moving Finger writes; and, having writ, Moves on: nor all thy Piety nor Wit, Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line, Nor all thy Tears wash out a Word of it.
Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omar_Khayy%C3%A1m; read him here - http://archive.org/stream/TheRubaiyatOfOmarKhayyam-FirstVersion-Illustrated#page/n0/mode/2up ; or here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/isl/khayyam.txt ; or listen here - http://librivox.org/author/1299 ;