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Papus AKA Gerard Encausse

France 1865 - 1916

Comments: Tarot; Medical Dr; Emphasized the Qabalistic nature of the Tarot, while infusing other Hermetic Wisdom and Egyptian mythology into the Universal Archetypes of the Cards; false allegation that Papus was the author who forged the antisemitic Protocols of the Elders of Zion for the Tzar; founder Martinist Order; esoteric, but not Blue Lodge Freemason; Creator of quasi - Magical Masonic Rites;

Teachers: Anthelme Nizier Philippe AKA "Maître Philippe de Lyon; Eliphas Levi, Martinez de Pasqually AKA Martinez Paschalis; Henri Vicomte de Laage; Jules Doinel; Alexandre Saint-Yves d'Alveydre; Antoine Fabre d'Olivet; Stanislas de Guaita; John Yarker; Kenneth R. H. Mackenzie; Johannes Valentinus Andreae AKA Christian Rosenkreutz; Madame Blavatsky; Bonifacio Bembo, artist of the Visconti Tarot deck; Antoine Count de Gébelin aka Court de Gébelin, author of Les Monde Primitif; Etteilla AKA Jean-Baptiste Alliette, whom he nevertheless derided; Comte de Mellet AKA Louis Raphael Lecrece de Fayolle; “Thoth Hermes Trismegistus”; Jean Alexandre Vaillant, author of Les Romes: histoire vraie des vrais Bohémiens; Raymond Lull aka Raymond Lully; Jerome Cardan; Guillaume Postel aka William Postel; Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin , the Unknown Philosopher, author of Tableau Naturel des Rapports; William Wynn Westcott, translater of the Seper Yetzirah; Dr. John Dee; Athanasius Kircher; Lenain Lazare, author of La Sciece Kabbalistique; Paul-Francois-Gaspard Lacuria, author of Les Harmonies de L'Etre Exprimees (par les nombres Louis Lucas, author of Le Roman alchimique; Aristotle; Ostroski, author of Mathese, 1839; Pythagoras; W. A. Chatto, author of Facts and Superstitions on the Origins and History of Playing Cards in Europe, 1848; Paul Boiteau d'Ambly, author of Les cartes à jouer et la cartomancie, 1854; “Merlin”, author of Origine Des Cartes a Jouer: Recherches Nouvelles Sur Les Naibis, Les Tarots, 1869; M. Barrois, creator of signs for the Deaf, called Dactylology; Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont; Pierre Christian, author of Histoire de Ia Magic; Adolphe Franck, author of La Kabbale aka Kabbalah or the Religious Philosophy of the Hebrews, 1843; Hoene Wronski, author of Messianisme, 1825; M. Carre, author of L’Occultisme Contemporain; Johannes Trithemius; Cornelius Agrippa; Baruch Spinoza;

Students: Theodor Reuss; Aleister Crowley William Butler AKA W. E. Butler; Jean-Baptiste Willermoz; Charles Detre AKA Teder; Jean Bricaud; Victor Blanchard (AKA Sar Yesir) ; Victor-Emile Michelet; Augustin Chaboseau; his son Jean Chaboseau; A.E. Waite; Pamela Colman Smith; Barbara Moore; Rachel Pollack ; Eden Gray ; Mary K. Greer; Gerd Ziegler; Robert Wang; Paul Foster Case; Bill F. Greer ; Robin Wood; Lon Milo DuQuette and Constance DuQuette ; Colette Baron-Reid; Anne Stokes ; Donald Tyson; Frankie Albano; Terry Donaldson; Peter Pracownik; Sallie Ann Glassman; John Matthews; Caitlin Matthews; Chic Cicero ; Sandra Tabatha Cicero; Mary Hanson-Roberts; Eileen Connolly; Samael Aun Weor; William De Laurence aka De Laurence; Angeles Arrein; Stuart R. Kaplan; Madeline Montalban; Naomi Ozaniec; Tom Little; Marcus Katz; Oscar Schlag; Fred Rothwell; Marguerite Vallior, translator of his Reincarnation: Physical, Astral & Spiritual Evolution; Robert Ambelain;

Friends: Lucien Chamuel ; Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra of Russia; Joséphin Péladan; Augustin Chaboseau; Oswald Wirth; Jean Carrère; Emile Dantinne

Enemies: Rasputin

Organizations: Theosophical Society; Kabbalistic Order of the Rose-Croix; Librarie du Merveilleux; Hermetic Brotherhood of Light; Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn; Order of Martinist AKA l'Ordre des Supérieurs Inconnus; The Gnostic Catholic Church of France AKA l'Église Gnostique de France; never became a regular (Grand Orient) Freemason; O.T.O. Gnostic Catholic Church ; Masonic Rite of Memphis and Misraim; Scottish Rite of Freemasonry;

Author: L'Occultisme Contemporain. 1887. ; Elementary Treatise on Occult Scienc, 1888; L'Occultisme. 1890; Le Tarot Divinataire AKA The Tarot of the Bohemians, 1909 ; Reincarnation: Physical, Astral and Spiritual Evolution, translated by Marguerite Vallior ; The Qabalah: Secret Tradition of the West aka The KabaLa, Secret Tradition of the West; What is Occultism? A Philosophical and Critical Study;