Pharaoh Ramesses

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Pharaoh Ramesses the Great AKA Ramesses II (or 11) AKA Ozymandias (in Greek) AKA "Great Ancestor" AKA The Chiseler (for putting his name on others' monuments) (one of 11 Ramesses, almost as bad as the Louies of France)

Egypt 1303 BCE – 1213 BCE

Comments: Egyptians; Pharaoh who returned Egypt to greatness; 3rd King of the Nineteenth dynasty; May have been the Pharaoh of the Exodus' Judeans ; After waging war against the Hittites as a youth, makes a treaty and takes Hittite wives after his own Great Queen dies; The peace treaty sent to him was on SILVER, and in both Egyptian hieroglyphs and Akkadian, in cuneiform; The Hittites were fighting off the Assyrians, which may be why they sued for peace; fought the battle of Kadesh to a standstill, despite falling into an ambush; eldest son Amun-her-khepeshef dies around the time of the Exodus plague on the 1st born; continues traditional polytheism and ignores Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti his queen, and even son Pharaoh Tutankhamun AKA King Tut AKA TutankhATEN, meaning "Living Image of Aten", changed it to TutankhAMUN but still not enough to make the official King List;

Teachers: King Narmer; King Aha, 3100 BCE; Imhotep, engineer for Pharaoh Djoser; Pharaoh Sneferu; Pharaoh Djedefre / Kheper; Pharaoh Khafre/ Userib; Pharaoh Menkaure/Kakhet; Pharaoh Shepseskaf / Shepseskhet; Pharaoh Djedefptah @ 2499–2494 BCE ; Amenhotep III and Chief Queen Tiye; Pharaoh Ramessess the First; Pharaoh Seti I, his Dad; Pharoah Thutmose III AKA Tut Moses (Thoth is Incarnate or Thoth is Born);

Students: Prof. Bob Brier AKA Mr. Mummy Detective; Manetho; Herodotus; C. Staniland Wake, archaeologist; Richard Payne Knight; Dr. M. Doreal; E. A. Wallis Budge; H. Spencer Lewis; Manly P. Hall; E. Raymond Capt; Guillemette Andreu; J. P. Lepre; Howard Carter ; George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon; Eric Cline; Nicholas Reeves; Peter Dorman ; Donald Redford; William Murnane; Alan Gardiner; Lawrence Berman ; William L. Moran; Amun-her-khepeshef, son; Diodorus Siculus ; Johann Ludwig Burckhardt; Giovanni Battista Belzoni; Ernesto Schiaparelli ; Professor Kent Weeks; Joyce Tyldesley; Gaston Maspero; Percy Bysshe Shelley, poet; Christian Jacq, writer; Alan Moore, comic writer; Norman Mailer; Anne Rice, author; Thomas Mann; Joan Grant; Yul Brynner, actor; Cecil B. DeMille, producer; Dr. Zahi Hawass, head of Egypt's Supreme Council for Antiquities; Sarah Parcak, space archaeologist; Dr. Colleen Manassa , Egyptologist at Yale; Jackie aka Dr. Jacquelyn Williamson , Egyptologist at Harvard;

Friends: his own queen Nefertari AKA 'Beautiful Companion' , not to be confused with Pharaoh Akhenaten's Great Queen Nefertiti. Her tomb still contains the painted walls which tell us so much about Ancient Egypt and the Egyptians of old; eldest son Amun-her-khepeshef ("Amun Is with His Strong Arm") AKA Amun-her-wenemef ("Amun Is with His Right Arm") AKA Seth-her-khepeshef (who we used to think was a different person) may be the First Born slain in the Tenth Plague of Exodus; Meritamen, favored daughter; Khaemweset, 4th son, who inscribed all the monuments with historical notes of who made them and repaired them; Merneptah, 14th son and one of his successors;

Enemies: Hattusili III, Hittite King; Muwatallis, Hittite King; Princes of Canaan; Princes of Syria; Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti his queen, who he tried to erase from history along with Monotheism;

Organizations: He was Egypt, Upper and Lower Kingdoms United,

Author: memorial temple Ramesseum; city of Pi-Ramesses in the Nile Delta, mentioned by the Judeans in the Bible as one of the supply cities the Hebrew slaves were building;

Resources: Prof. Bob Brief's excellent Teaching Course courses, Great Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt; History of Ancient Egypt ; Origins of Great Ancient Civilizations lectures by Kenneth W. Harl;;;;;; ; ;