Ptolemy

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Claudius Ptolemy AKA Batlaymus aka Talmai the Wise aka Ptolemaeus Claudius


Egypt 90 – 168 CE


Comments: Ancients; named after King of Egypt in 323 BC: Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter, who created the Great Library of Alexandria with quarters for scholars,who got a stipend and board; co-operative science; math; astrologer; geographer; Babylonian astronomy; poet; geocentric theory of the Solar System rules astronomy for ages; "music of the spheres"; the Light house and harbor;


Teachers: Alexander the Great; Aristotle; Democritus; Pythagoras; Pliny the Elder; Archimedes; Hipparchus, inventor of a primitive Astrolab;

Students: Abu Ma'shar; Hipparchus; Eratosthene;Euclid; Copernicus; Johannes Kepler; Johannes Hevelius; Isaac Newton; Theodore Haak; Godfrey Selig; Christiaan Huygens; Edmond Halley; Nikola Tesla; Helisaeus Roeslin; Gerber; Abu Ma'shar; Simon Studion; Johannes Bureus; Wilhelm Schickard; Joseph Louis Lagrange ; Pierre-Simon Laplace; Albert Einstein; Eudoxus; Pierre Gassendi; Nicholas Claude Fabri de Peiresc; Athanasius Kircher; Marin Mersenne; Tycho Brahe; Galileo Galilei ; Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, astronomer; al-Kharaqī, astronomer; al-Tusi , astronomer; Rev. Joseph Priestley; Pierre Hérigone; Hypatia of Alexandria ; Christopher Clavius; Aeschines of Cnidus; Eudoxus of Cnidus ; Al-Idrisi, mapmaker; Abraham Cresques, creator of the Catalan Atlas; Bartolomeu Dias, explorer of Southern Africa; Vasco Da Gama, explorer around South America; Ferdinand Magellan, explorer of the Oceans; Vasco Nunez de Balboa, explorer; Hernan Cortez, explorer; Francisco Pizarro, explorer; Mercator, mapmaker; Abraham Ortelius, mapmaker; William Janszoon, explorer of Australia; James Cook, explorer; Hero of Alexandria, creator of a steam machine; Eugene of Palermo; J.M. Ashmand ; Prince Henry the Navigator (1394 - 1460); Al-Sharif al-Idrisi, author of the World Map (1154); Kwon Kun's Kangnido Map (1402)from Korea; Martin Waldseemuller, author of Universalis Cosmographia (1507); Diogo Ribeiro, mapmaker (1529); Gerardus Mercator, mapmaker (1569); Joan Blaeu , author of Atlas maior (1662); César-François Cassini de Thury (Cassini III) and his son Jean-Domenique Cassini (Cassini IV) and the entire Cassini family of French mapmakers, (1744); Oronce Finé of France; Pierre Desceliers, mapmaker; Halford Mackinder of Britain, (1904); Arno Peters (1973); William Rand, 1856; Andrew McNally, American mapmakers; Brian McClendon of Google Maps, 2013; Jerry Brotton, author of A History of the World in Twelve Maps (2012); Gerard of Cremona aka Gerardus Cremonensis, author of La geomancie et nomancie des anciens - la nomancie cabalistique; Johannes of Glogovia aka John of Głogów aka Johann von Schelling von Glogau, 1445 – 1507;


Organizations:

Author: astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest (in Greek, Ἡ Μεγάλη Σύνταξις, "The Great Treatise", originally Μαθηματικὴ Σύνταξις, "Mathematical Treatise"). The second is the Geography, which is a thorough discussion of the geographic knowledge of the Greco-Roman world. The third is the astrological treatise known sometimes in Greek as the Apotelesmatika (Ἀποτελεσματικά), more commonly in Greek as the Tetrabiblos (Τετράβιβλος "Four books"), and in Latin as the Quadripartitum (or four books) in which he attempted to adapt horoscopic astrology to the Aristotelian natural philosophy of his day; Ephestion (mentioned by Antoine Fabre d'Olivet; perhaps The Book of Fruit aka Fructus or Centiloquium. Cod. h in Claudii Ptolemaei opera quae extant omnia; Geographia ;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy; http://www.sacred-texts.com/astro/ptb/index.htm; http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/12/12-maps-that-changed-the-world/282666/ ; http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/i6963.pdf ;