Robert Hooke

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Robert Hooke aka "Twisted Hook"

England 1635 – 1703

Comments: one of my favorite cranky genius; Scientist; Architecture; Math; Physics; Mechanics; Time; Pressure; very cranky genius; the Architecture Structure Problem; microbiologist ; Philosophical Algebra; in a lecture claimed Johannes Trithemius' Steganographia (written c.1499; published Frankfurt, 1606), explaining an earlier text was disguised as a system of Angel magic, but actually a crytography text and that Dr. John Dee's Enochain Angelic language was military code, as reported in Stephen Inwood's The Forgotten Genius, Pg. 379 & Laurence Gardner see The Shadow of Solomon, page 251, at the Royal Society; on whether Enochain is Magick or Espionage, see &output=reader&authuser=0&hl=en&pg=GBS.PP9; Twisted Hooke makes statements, but presents no analysis or reasoning, leaving the puzzle for us; as Stephen Inwood so rightly says, Hooke was the grit in Newton's oyster, the irritant that provoked him into producing his greatest work" pg. 280; interest and experimented with marijuana based medicines from India, but also made tinctures out of toxic metals as cures for his many aliments;

Teachers:John Wilkins; Thomas Willis; Robert Boyle of the Burlingtons; Samuel Cowper; Peter Lely; Rev. Dr. Richard Busby ; Riccioli (Watchmaker); Sir Robert Moray; Leonardo da Vinci; Galileo, whose wire tension experiment brought us Hooke's Law "ut tensio sic vis" or "as the extension, so the force"; Callimachus; Apollonius of Rhodes; Vitruvius ; Quinctilian; Athanasius Kircher; William Gilbert, author of De Magnete, who believed the Earth was calling magnets back to its Soul, 1600; William Harvey, discoverer of blood circulation in Du Motu Cordis aka On the Motion of the Heart; Evangelista Torricelli, who created 1st vacuum in 1644, and created a barometer; Otto von Guericke of Magdeburg, 1st air pump;Tycho Brahe;Francis Bacon; Elias Ashmole; Dr. John Dee; Christian Hennig Brand, alchemist, 1669, creator of Phosphorus; Dr. Johann Daniel Krafft, who brought it to England; Johann Kunckel (1630–1703)who made it in England; Democritus; Descartes; Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek, microbiologist; Herodotus; Aristotle; Seneca; Georgius Agricola, 1494 – 1555 aka "the father of mineralogy",aka Georg Pawer aka Bauer; Christian Adolph Balduin, author of "Aurum aurae, vi magnetismi universalis attractum" & "Hermes curiosus, sive, Inventa et experimenta physico-chymica nova", 1632-1682; John Marr; F. T. Kessler , author of 400 Auserlensene Chemische Process, 1630;

Students: Augustine Couchy, who codified Hooke's Law as internal stress of materials ; Lisa Jardine; Neal Stephenson; J. H. Lambert; Charles Darwin; Richard Shortgrave; Francis Ludwick aka Lodowick; Harry Hunt; Richard Blackburne; Thomas Crawley; cousin Tom Gyles; William Stukeley, engraver; Chuck Furnace; Colen Campbell; Sir Nicholas Pevsner; John Oliver, surveyor; Robert Bird, coppersmith; Dennis Papin, assistant; George Dollond, atmospheric recorder, 1851; Daniel Bernoulli; Dr. Thomas Young; John Herapath; John Waterston; James Joule; Rudolf Clausius; James Clerk Maxwell; Richard Lamb, engraver; Christopher Cock of Long Acre, lensmaker; John Ogilby; William Morgan; John Adams, mapmaker; G. H. Pember aka George Hawkins Pember (1837-1910), whose Gap Theory" tried to reconcile the Genesis account in the Bible with the emerging fossil evidence in the debate about age of the earth; Chris Bennett, author of Liber 420, 2018;

Friends: Christopher Wren; John Aubrey; Edmond Halley; Lord Brouncker; Theodore Haak; John Godfrey ; Sir John Hoskins; Edmund Wild; "companions" Nell, Bridget, Doll Lord, Bette Orchid, Grace Hooke, niece: Richard Waller, illustrator; Thomas Thompion, watchmaker; John Bennett of Clerkenwell, watchmaker; Capt. Robert Knox of the East India Company; Sir Jonas Moore; Dr. Scarborough; Sir Ralph Montagu; John Hervey, treasurer to the Queen; Henry Jermyn, Earl of St Albans; Lord Ranelagh; Roger Bates, carpenter; Sir Walter Yonge: John Pollexfen; Abraham Hill; Nehemiah Grew; Dr. Edward Tyson, chimp anatomist; John Flamsteed; Earl of Conway and wife Ann Conway; Andrew Paschall; John Evelyn; Moses Pitt; Dr. John Mayow; Sir Joseph Williamson; Dr. John Wallis of Oxford; Melchisédech Thévenot aka Melchisédec Thévenot (@ 1620 – 1692), inventor of the Bubble Level;

Enemies:Isaac Newton; Christiaan Huygens; Henry Oldenburg; Nicolaus Steno, author of Prodromus, 1669; Martin Lister; Robert Plot; Thomas Burnet; William Whiston; John Woodward, authorof of The Wisdom of the Ancient Egyptians; Lodowicke Muggleton, mystic, of Muggletonianism and Quietism; John Robins; Thomas Tany aka John Tannye; Laurence Clarkson aka Laurence Claxton; Sir Robert Holmes; Father Francisco Lana, 4 winged flight; M. Besnier, copper balloon flight; Oliver Hill; mistakenly thought he disproved Archimedes ; disagreed with Ole Roemer on light; John Wallis; Jonathan Swift; Thomas Shadwell;

Organizations: Royal Society; Gresham College; Christ Church, Oxford; New Philosophical Club, 1676;

Author: Micrographia - Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses with Observations and Inquiries Thereupon, 1665, the 2nd scientific use of a Microscope, following Athanasius Kircher's Examination of the Plague in 1658; "An Attempt to Prove the Motion of the Earth from Observations" 1674, revised 1679; The Inflection of a Direct Motion into a Curve by a Supervening Attractive Principle, 1666, 1st proof of Gravity on Planetary orbits; A General Scheme or Idea of the Present State of Natural Philosophy, 1667, on the Philosophical Algebra of the Scientific Method; of Dr. Dee's (aka Dr. John Dee) Book of Spirits; Discourse on Earthquakes, 1668; Animadversions on the Machina Coelestis, 1674; De Potentia Restitutiva aka Of The Spring, 1678; Cometa, 1678; Philosophical Experiments and Observations, 1694 lecture, 1726 publication; many rebuilt London Churches, Bedlam Hospital, The Monument to the Great Fire, all Wren-Hooke architecture; issued the Royal Society Philosophical Collections, 1979- 1682; An Ingenious Cryptographical System; An Ingenious Cryptographical System;

Inventions: spring pocket watch; convex lenses for myopia; rotary press printing; map making with labels on movable type; week weather clock aka meteorograph with paper punchout record; Hygrometers; 1st Celsius thermometer set at water freezing; self-emptying rain gauge; cider-making machine; wick lamps; telescopes; microscopes; helioscopes; barometers; pedometers and odometers for carts; hydrostatic balances; Hooke's Law of Tension ("F = -kx", "F" = force on the spring, "k" is the spring constant or stiffness, and "x" is the elongation  ; Read more at;

Quotes: "Earthquakes had turn'd Plains into Mountains and Mountains into Plains, Seas into Land and land into Seas... and have been the great Instrument or Causes of placing shells, bones, plants and fishes and the like in those places where, with much astonishment, we find them" (fossils); "Nature it selfe then is be our Guide and we are to spend some time in her school with attention & silence before we venture to speak and teach"; On Dr. John Dee - I do conceive that the greatest part of the said Book, especially all that which relates to the Spirits and Apparitions, together with their Names, Speeches, Shews, Noises, Clothing, Actions, and the Prayers and Doxologies, etc. are all Cryptography; and that some Parts also of that which seems to be a Journal of his voyage and Travels into several Parts of Germany, are also Cryptographical; that is, that under those feigned Stories, which he there seems to relate as Matters of Fact, he hath concealed Relations of quite another thing; and that he made use of this way of absconding it, that he might the more securely escape discovery, if he should fall under suspition (SP) as to the true Designs of his Travels, or that the same should fall into the hands of any Spies, or such as might be imployed (SP) to betray him or his Intentions; conceiving the Inquisition that should be made, or Prosecution, if discovered would be more gentle for a Pretended Enthusiast, than for a real Spy. (see more in An Ingenious Cryptographical System);

Resources:;;; INGENIOUS PURSUITS: Building the Scientific Revolution by Lisa Jardine 1999; ON A GRANDER SCALE: The Outstanding Life of Christopher Wren by Lisa Jardine 2002; COMPASS AND RULE: Archetecture as Mathmatical Practice in England 1500-1750 by Gerbino & Johnston 2009; THE FORGOTTEN GENIUS: the biography of Robert Hooke 1635-1703 by Stephen Inwood 1947; The Curious Life of Robert Hooke: The Man Who Measured London by Lisa Jardine ; listen to Of the Point of a Sharp Small Needle at ; LOVE THIS CRAZY GUY!!!!! ; ;;; ; ;