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Rumi AKA Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī AKA Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī aka Mawlavi (Persian) aka Mevlevi (Turkish) aka Mawlana Jalaleddin Rumi

Tajikistan / Persian /Babylon / Turkey 1207 - 1273

Comments: mystical tawhid — union with his beloved, God; parallels to the Holy Guardian Angel and Borderland Marriage WORK; Sufi poet; The plains of Turkey had recently fallen to Sunni Islam from the control of the Eastern, Christian Orthodox Roman Empire of the Byzantine Empire. The Steppes warriors of that plain had been Pagan, but having contacts with the Silk Roar, were also familiar with Moses (Judaism), Orthodox Christianity (Jesus), Mani and Zoroaster. The city based style of Sunni Islam would have been hard to adapt to the plains, but the Sufi practiced a mystical, personal Union with God through dance and prayer that didn't require schools, law courts and palaces. A prayer rug and the sky was all a devotee needed to enter into communion with God. His family had fled the Mongol invasion into Islamic lands. Rumi is a "place" nickname, as Byzantium, the Eastern ROMan Empire, gave the name ROM to the Gypsies and Rumi takes his name from Roman; In 1244, after 10 years of study, he left his career as an Islamic Jurist, scholar and Teacher to become a mystic Sufi, and whirling dervish; "the spirit after devolution from the divine Ego undergoes an evolutionary process by which it comes nearer and nearer to the same divine Ego" (*M.M. Sharif, A History of Muslim Philosophy, Vol II, p. 827);

Teachers: Bahā ud-Dīn Walad, his father aka Sultan al-Ulama aka the "Sultan of the Scholars"; Shams-e Tabrizi, dervish, 1244, his Initiator ; Attar of Nishapur ; Sanai ; Najm al-Din Kubra; Omar Khayyam; Ali ibn Abi Talib ; Ahmad ibn Ajiba, of the Darqawi Sufi;

Students: Rainer Maria Rilke; Khalil Gibran (1883-1931); Percy Bysshe Shelley ; Charles Baudelaire; Arthur Rimbaud; Professor Lewis Franklin ; Sultan Walad , his son; G. I. Gurdjieff; Idries Shah; John G. Bennett; 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia (Turkey); Sayyed Burhan ud-Din Muhaqqiq Termazi; Khwāja Shamsu d-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī aka Hafez; Sheikh Safi-ad-din Ardabili of the Shia Safaviyya Sufis of Iran; Sheikh Zaheed, leader of the Zaheedi Sufi order; Brad Gooch;

Friends: Mu'mina Khātūn, mother;

Enemies: Genghis Khan:

Organizations: the Sufi of the Sunni; Mevlevi Order,AKA Order of the Whirling Dervishes;

Author: Maṭnawīye Ma'nawī (Spiritual Couplets)AKA English language collection Discourses of Rumi ; Dīwān-e Kabīr (Great Work) or Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi|Dīwān-e Shams-e Tabrīzī (The Works of Shams of Tabriz) AKA Sign of the Unseen in English; Fihi Ma Fihi (In It What's in It);Majāles-e Sab'a (Seven Sessions); Makatib (The Letters);

Quotes: There are many winds full of anger, And lust and greed. They move the rubbish Around, but the solid mountain of our true nature Stays where it’s always been;

Resources:; ; ;; Great Ancient Civilizations of Asia Minor lectures by Prof. Kenneth Harl ; listen here , some in English - ; ; ; ; The World of Byzantium lecture series by Professor Kenneth W. Harl; Barbarian Empires of the Steppes lecture series by Professor Kenneth W. Harl, 2014 ; ; ;