Solomon ibn Gabirol

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Solomon ibn Gabirol AKA Solomon ben Judah (Hebrew: שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול‎, Shelomo ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol; Arabic: أبو أيوب سليمان بن يحيى بن جبيرول‎, Abu Ayyūb Suleiman ibn Yahya ibn Jabirūl; Avicebron, a corruption of Ibn Gibran) aka Albenzubron aka Avicebrol aka Avincebrol aka RaShBaG


Iberian Peninsula, Spain 1021 - 1058


Comments: Rabbi ; Neoplatonism; Qabalist; profound Neoplatonic language expert, mystical poet in Hebrew, philosopher in Arabic; close study of both "Theologia Aristotelis" and the "Liberde Causis"; Emenations from the Godhead ARE the material World, it doesn't just create it; mistaken as a great Christian or Muslim philosopher until his original Hebrew poems resurfaced and was noted as the source of the Latin, which had been taken from Arabic translations @ 1850; his poem is part of the Yom Kippur service in many places; Matter, Mind and Soul made up of matter and form (“Universal Hylomorphism”), of God; reputedly created a golem, but female house maid, by QBLH magic; Yesod is the First Matter, the “al-‘unsur al-awwal” or diving line between God and HIS Creation; favored by Christian Franciscans but not Dominicans, when he was thought to be a Christian writer; Merkabah mysticism or Throne of God visions; God creates Matter and Form by splitting Nothing with HIS Will / Desire / Word, then that produces nature, soul, and mind, and from them come the 4 elements of Mater; Form follows function in his book on the Senses, where Galen and Aristotle's teachings are used as a model for the twenty "qualities" (wrath, Mercy, lust, prudence, jealousy) of men and in 20 chapters; inspired a popular Japanese gamer character in Type Moon animie universe, by Takashi Takeuchi and Kinoko Nasu; amazing mystical Qabalist;

not to be confused with Shlomo ben Aderet aka RashBa, "Ralbag" aka Levi ben Gershon, Rashbatz aka Shlomo Ben Shimon Duran, his son Rashbash aka Shlomo Ben Shimon Duran or Avicenna aka Ibn Sinna;


Teachers: inspired by Philo; Rav AKA Hai Gaon; Honein ibn Ishak; Rabbi Samuel Hanagid, the Prince of the Jews in Spain aka Samuel ibn Naghrela aka Samuel ha-Levi ben Josef Ibn Nagrela aka Shmu'el HaNagid aka the Nagdilah of all Moorish Spain, 993 - 1055; Saadya Alfayumi, 892-942; Aristotle; Alexander the Great; Socrates; Plato; Chefez Al-Kuti; Avicenna aka Ibn Sinna ; Sa'adya Gaon aka Sa'adiah Gaon aka Sa'adiah ben Yosef aka Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi of Babylon, author of "The Book of Beliefs and Opinions"; his student Rabeinu Dunash Ben Labrat, ; Yitzhak Ibn Mar Sha'ul aka Yitzhaq ibn Marshaul of Lucena; Yosef Ibn Abitur aka Yosef ibn Avitor, @950 - @ 1024; Yitzhak Ibn Khalfon @ 965 – 1020; ; Yosef Ibn Hasdai, Spiritually erotic poet; the unlucky Moshe Ibn al-Taqaana; Yonah Ibn Janaah, author of "The Important Book of Roots (on language, not plants); the Brethren of Purity aka The Brethren of Sincerity aka Ikhwan al-Safa aka the "sleepers in the cave"; Empedocles, author of "The Book of the Five Substances”; Ibn Masarra aka Psudo-Empedoclus; al-Shahrastani; Plotinus; Isaac Israeli the Elder aka Isaac Judaeus aka Isaac Israeli ben Solomon aka Yitzhak ben Shlomo ha-Yisraeli aka Abu Ya'qub Ishaq ibn Suleiman al-Isra'ili, @ 832 – @ 932; Abu Bakhr al-Raazi, author of "The Book of the Treatment of the Soul"; Galen; Origen; Ardeshir the Persian; Diogenes; Rabbi Hiyya; ; Jekuthiel ibn Hasan of Saragossa aka aka Yequti’el Ibn Hasan al-Mutawakkil Ibn Qabrun; Shimon bar Yochai aka Shimon Lavi bar Yohai aka The Rashbi; Rabbi Akiva; Nachum Ish Gamzu aka Nahum; Badi` al-Zaman al-Hamadhani (967-1007); Eleazar ben Killir aka Eleazar Qallir;




Students: Shem Tov ben Joseph Falaquera aka Shem Tov Falaqera; John of Spain aka Johannes Hispanus ; Dominicus Gundisallinus; Rabbi Moses de Leon; Ibn Ya'ya; Rabbi Abraham Aben Ezra aka Avraham Ibn Ezra; Berechiah ha-Nakdan; John Duns Scotus; Alexander of Hales and his disciple Bonaventura; William of Lamarre ; Rabbeinu Behaye; Giordano Bruno;Ramban aka Rabbi Moshe ben Nachmanides AKA Nahmanides; Isaac the Blind; Z'ev ben Shimon Halevi ; Israel Zangwill, translator; Harry E. Wedeck, translator; Isaac Meyer, author of Qabbalah- The Philosophical Writings of Solomon Ben Yehudah Ibn Gebirol or Avicebron And their connections with the Hebrew Qabbalah and Sepher ha-Zohar, 1888 ; Albert the Great; Aegidius Guttmann; Asher ben Meshullam ben Yacob of Lunel; RABaD aka Rabbi Abraham ben David of Posquieres aka Ibn Daud aka Ben Dior aka Abraham ibn Daud; Rabbi Yehudah Abravanel aka Leone Hebrew aka Leo Hebraeus; Dr. Seyerlen; Rabbi Jehudah Ibn Tibbon; Rabbi Joseph Ibn Qimeh; Rev. B. H. Ascher; Stephen S. Wise; Rev. Dr. Alexander Hohut; Professor Gottheil, 1896;Prof. J. H. Hyslop; I. Broyde; David Tzemah, 1931 ; David Yellin;Albertus Magnus, who quotes him in De causis et processu universitatis; Bishop Guillaume d'Auvergne of Paris; Ibn Rushd aka Averroes; Heinrich Heine (1797 – 1856); Roger Bacon ; Yehudah al-Harizi aka Yehuda Alharizi aka Judah al-Harizi; Yehuda Halevi; Todros ben Judah Halevi Abulafia aka Todros Abulfia, 1247 – @ 1300, author of Gan HaMeshalim veHaHidot aka The Garden of Parables and Riddles; The Ramah aka Meir Abulafia aka Meir ben Todros HaLevi Abulafia , @1170 – 1244; Asher ben Jehiel; Jacob ben Asher; Solomon Munk aka Salomon Munk, 1802; David of Dinant; Gerard Manley Hopkins; David Levi, 1794 ; Joseph Ibn Zaddik; Judah Abrabanel; Isaac Abrabanel; Francis Edwards Peters aka F. E. Peters, historian ; Jacques Schlanger ;Sarah Pessin; Fernand Brunner, 1950; Abraham Sifroni aka Mosad Ha-Rav Kuk; Henry E. Wedeck; Roberto Gatti; Charles Manekin; Dov Yarden; Frederick P Bargebuhr; Israel Zangwill; Am Oved; Sha'ul Abdullah Yosef; Edward FitzGerald, 1809 – 1883, poet and translater of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam; Yehuda Amichai; Gershom Scholem; Shlomo Pines ; Moshe Idel; Yehuda Liebes, author of Torat ha-yetsirah shel Sefer yetsirah ; Ibn Zamrak; Shelomoh Delmedigo; Moses Ibn Ezra aka Ha-Sallah aka Rabbi Moshe Ibn Ezra aka Moses ben Jacob ibn Ezra ; Bishop Huntington; Peter Cole, 2014; Abraham ibn Hasdai; Yosef ibn Hasdai; Prof. Israel Davidson; Harizi; Avraham Ben Yitzhak ; Ezra Fleischer ; Haim Schirmann; Isaac ben Judah ibn Ghiyyat; Yitzaq Ibn Ghiyyat, 1038 –1089; Solomon ibn Ghiyyat aka Solomon ibn Ghiyyāth; Yosef Ibn Sahl aka Joseph ibn Sahl aka Abū ʿAmr ibn Sahl ; Elazar ben Moshe Azikri aka Eliezer Azikri aka Eleazar ben Moses Azikri, author of Mile di-shemaya, 1533–1600 ; Isaac Luria AKA The Ari aka Yitzak Luria; Abraham ben Moses ben Maimon aka the RaMBaM; Yisrael ben Moshe Najarah, @ 1555 - 1625; Rabbi Shalom ben Yosef Shabazi aka Sholem Shabbezi aka Salim al-Shabazi, 1619 - 1720; Yosef ben Abijad ben Khalfun; Moses ben Mordecai Zacuto aka The ReMe'Z, 1625 – 1697; Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto AKA The RaMCHaL; Levi Yitzchok of Berditchev aka the Berdichever; Rabbi Dov Ber ben Avraham of Mezeritch; Rabbi Shmelke of Nikolsburg; Shneur Zalman of the ChaBoD; Hayim Nahman Bialik, 1873 – 1934; Vidal Benveniste aka Don Vidal Benveniste de la Cavalleria, author of "Ḳodesh ha-Ḳodashim" ; Rabbi Levi ibn Altabban; Rabbi Yishaq ben Barun ben Yosef Benveniste aka Abu Ibrahim ibn Barun, author The Book of Comparison between the Hebrew and the Arabic Languages; his son, Sheshet Benveniste aka Sheshet ben Isaac ben Joseph Benveniste; Bahya ibn Paquda aka Rabbeinu Bachya aka Bahya ben Joseph ibn Paquda, author of Al Hidayah ila Faraid al-Qulub, aka Chovot HaLevavot aka Guide (or Duties) to the Heart; Rabbi Joseph ben Jacob ibn Tzaddik aka Yosef ibn Tzaddik; Shelomo Ibnb Tzaqbel; Yosef Qimhi; Joseph ben Meir ibn Zabara aka Dr Joseph Zabara aka Joseph ibn Zabara; Yitzhaq ibn Sahula aka Isaac ibn Sahula aka Isaac Ben Solomon Abi Sahula, author of Meshal ha-Kadmoni ; Abraham Abulafia aka Avramann Abulafia; Joseph ben Abraham Gikatilla aka Yosef Gikatilla; Anatoli Bar Yosef, author "The Test of Poetry" ; Judah ben Isaac ibn Shabbetai aka Yehuda ibn Shabbetai aka Judah ibn Shabbetai ; Jacob ben Eleazar aka Ya'aqov ben Elazar ; Samuel ibn Abraham ibn Ḥasdai ha-Levi ; Judah he-Hasid Segal ha-Levi aka Judah the Pious aka Jehudah the Hasid; Ya’akov Hakohen aka aka Jacob HaCohen, who focused on The Inverse Tree of Evil, Sitra Ahra; Shlomo ha-Levi Alkabetz aka Shlomo Alkabetz; Moses Isserles aka Moshe Remos aka the Rema; Eli Ben Yosef ; Moses ibn Habib; Sa'adia Ibn Danaan; Shem Tov Ardutiel aka Shem Tov ibn Isaac Ardutiel aka Santob de Carrión; Moshe Natan; Meshullam ben Shelomo de Piera aka Solomon ben Meshullam De Piera aka Shlomo de la Piera; Shelomo Halevi aka Pablo de Santa Maria; Yitzhaq Alahdab; Abraham Habedershi; Yitzhaq Hagorni; Yedaya HaPenini aka Rabbi Yadaya; Abu Yusuf ben Yitzhak ben Ezra aka Dr. Hasdai ibn Shaprut; Isaac ben Ezra of Jaén; Menahem ben Saruq aka Menahem ben Jacob ibn Saruq aka Menahem Ibn Saruq, @ 920 - 970; Moses of Burgos; Abner of Burgos aka Avner, @ 1270 - 1347; Qalonymos ben Qalonymos, author of On Becoming a Woman; Isaac Polgar aka Yitzhak Polgar ; Shmu'el Ibn Sasson; Isaac Gorni aka Isaac ben Abraham haGorni aka Yitzhaq Hagorni ; Yaakov Israel Ifargan aka Jacob ben Isaac Ifargan aka al-Fargān aka Ifergan; David A. Wacks; Samuel ibn Sasson ; Abu Muhammad ibn Qasim alHariri; King Alfonso X of Castile aka Alfonso the Wise; Shalem Shabazi; Elijah de Vidas; Aaron Berechya of Moderna; Joseph Solomon Delmedig; Isaac ibn Latif,author of Schaar ha-Schamajim aka "heaven's gate", 1238@ 1210-1280 ; Adam Afterman, 2011; Rabeinu Yitzchak ben Avraham Ibn Latif; Sarah Pessin, 2013; Chuck Furnace;



Friends: Khalif Habus of Moorish Grenada; Yekutiel ;


Enemies: Abraham ibn Daud of Toledo; St. Thomas Aquinas; Allen Mandelbaum; Ibn Janaah, author of Sefer HaRiqmah ; Jacob Glatstein ; Abraham ben Samuel ha-Levi Ibn Hasdai aka Abraham ben Samuel ha-Levi ibn Ḥasday of Barcelona aka Avraham ben Shmu'el;


Organizations;

Author: "Fons Vitae" aka Me'qor Chayyim aka The Fountain of Life aka The Source of Life aka Yanbu‘ al-Hayah aka "Mekor Chayim," aka Origin of Life; ; Keter Malkut aka The "Royal Crown" aka Keser Malcus; Tikkun Middos HaNefeshaka aka The Improvement of the Moral Qualities aka Islâh al-’akhlâq aka Tikkun mîdôt ha-nefesh; Poem Ahavtîkha aka “I Love You” (God); "Shir Hakovod" (Song of Glory); "Shir Hayichud" (Song of Unity); "Tikkun Middoth Hanefesh" (Improvement of the Qualities of the Soul aka On the Soul aka On the Qualities of the Vital Spirit), @1048; "Mivchar Hapeninim,"(A Choice of Pearls - ethical sentances, maxims and salutary reflections aka Choice Pearls); On the Will, (lost); Shabbat hymns like Shimru Shabtotai; Azharoth - poem; more than four thousand poems total, lost until the 1930s; poems - The Messiah, Before My King, My Refuge, Ecstasy, The Redemption, God and Israel, My Lord and King, Lord of the World and Lord of Heaven; See the Sun; I’d give up my Soul Itself; The Garden ; the amazing poem HE dwells Forever; Azharot; Mivḥar ha-peninim aka מבחר הפנינים;


Quotes: The creation of all things by the Creator, that is, the emanation of form from the first source, which is to say, the will, and its overflowing across matter resembles the upwelling of water flowing from a fountain and descending . . . except that this flow is unceasing and entirely outside of motion and time . . . And the imprinting of form in matter, when it reaches it from the will, is like the return of the form of one who is gazing into a mirror ; “Quare factus est homo?” aka “Why was man made?” ; "The microcosm is the model of the macrocosm" aka As Above, so Below ; if you should lift yourself to the first universal matter and [are] illumined by its shadow, you will then see the most wondrous of wonders. Devote yourself to this and be filled with love for it, since here lies the meaning for which the human soul exists, and here lies too amazing delight and utmost happiness ; Evasio mortis et applicatio ad originem vitae” aka (roughly) Evade Death and Cling to the Original Life of the Soul when the body dies; per se existens, unius essentiae, sustinens diversitatem, dans omnibus essentiam suam et nomen” aka “…existent in and of itself, of a single essence, sustaining diversity, and giving to everything its essence and name”; The inclination of his soul to the higher world in order that everyone might return to his like; Thou art the supreme light, and the eyes of the pure of soul shall see Thee, and clouds * of sin shall hide Thee from the eyes of sinners.* Thou art the light hidden in this world and revealed in the world of beauty* , 'In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen.'* Thou art the eternal light, and the inward eye yearns for Thee and is astonished* - she shall see but the utmost part of them, and shall not see them all; (God) longs to give form to the formless, as a lover longs for his companion; Thou art the supreme light, and the eyes of the pure of soul shall see Thee, and clouds of sin shall hide Thee from the eyes of sinners. Thou art the light hidden in this world and revealed in the world of beauty, In the mount of the Lord it shall be seen. Thou art the eternal light, and the inward eye yearns for Thee and is astonished - she shall see but the utmost part of them, and shall not see them all. (from The Kingly Crown); “Thou art ONE, and Thy Unity is never diminished, never extended, and cannot be changed. Thou art ONE, and no thought of mine can fix for Thee a limit, or define Thee. Thou ART, but not as one existent, for the understanding and vision of mortals cannot attain to Thy existence, nor determine for Thee the where, the why and the how”;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon_ibn_Gabirol;http://hibba.org/node/407 ; http://home.newadvent.org/cathen/02156a.htm ; http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/111875/jewish/Solomon-Ibn-Gabirol.htm ; read him here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/sig/index.htm and here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/fons/index.htm ; or listen here - http://librivox.org/author/9359 ; my own essay //www.sacred-texts.com/jud/sig/index.htm and here - http://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/fons/index.htm ; listen here - http://librivox.org/author/9359  ; my own essay Jews and Muslims reconcile the Gnostic Neoplatonism of the Ancients aka Gnostic Qabalah; http://www.pupress.princeton.edu/chapters/s6933.html; - http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s6933.pdf; http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ibn-gabirol/; http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/Gabirol.html; http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/franklin/record.html?filter.subject_facet.val=Cabala%20Early%20works%20to%201800&start=25&id=FRANKLIN_2446083& ; http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/i8349.html ; http://www.ehumanista.ucsb.edu/volumes/volume_14/Arabic/Wacks.pdf; The Dream of the Poem: Hebrew Poetry from Muslim and Christian Spain, 950-1492 by Peter Cole, 2007 (thank you, Prof. Cole, for these excellent translations, wish I was fluent enough to read the originals at http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/sh1_8349.pdf & http://press.princeton.edu/chapters/sh2_8349.pdf, I will work on it!) ; http://erolsadiku.com/DOWNLOAD/FREEMASONRY%20(SLOBODNO%20ZIDARSTVO)/Books-4/Isaac%20Myer%20-%20Qabbalah,%20The%20Philosophical%20Writings%20of%20Ibn%20Gebirol_www.ErolSadiku.com.pdf http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/FullDisplay.aspx?index=47&ref=Add_MS_26917;