Tycho Brahe

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Tycho Brahe AKA Tyge Ottesen Brahe

Denmark/Sweden 1546 – 1601

Comments: astronomer; alchemist; combined geometrical benefits of the Copernican system with the philosophical benefits of the Ptolemaic system into his own model of the universe, the Tychonic system; Alchemy; wrote to Galileo and Johannes Kepler in code, to avoid the Inquisition;

Teachers: Copernicus aka Copernik;

Students: Johannes Kepler; influenced Edgar Allan Poe; John Donne; Tobias Hess; Matthaeus Merian aka Matthew the Elder, author of Calendarium naturale magicum perpetuum profundissimam rerum secretissimarum contemplationem totiusque Philosophiæ cognitionem complectens, 1619;

Friends: Giordano Bruno; Rudolph II; Dr. John Dee; Galileo

Enemies: Manderup Parsberg

Organizations: Stellar observatory in a castle in Benátky nad Jizerou, 50 km from Prague

Author: De nova stella (On the new star) 1573; unlike some others, he did not speculate that this "new star" was religious or prophetic in meaning, and avoided political persecution because of that decision;

Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tycho_Brahe; http://www.nada.kth.se/~fred/tycho/index.html; https://archive.org/details/calendariumnatur00meri;