Victor Hugo

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Victor Hugo AKA Victor Marie Hugo

France 1802 – 1885

Comments: Spiritualist; Humanist author; buried in The Pantheon;


Teachers: François-René de Chateaubriand; Charles Baudelaire; Voltaire; Beethoven;

Students: Albert Camus; Charles Dickens; Fyodor Dostoevsky; Vincent van Gogh; Donizetti; Verdi; Ponchielli; Sigmund Freud; Ayatollah Ali Khamenei of Iran; Br. Plantagenet (aka Edouard Ignace Engel) (1892-1943); Lee Morgan, 2016;


Friends: Gustave Flaubert ; Émile Zola; Madame Delphine de Girardin; Hector Berlioz; Franz Liszt; Louise Bertin; Juliette Drouet, lover; Saint-Yves d'Alveydre; Dr. Anna Kingsford; General Giuseppe Garibaldi;

Enemies: Napoleon III; eventually Gustave Flaubert ;

Organizations: Académie française , 1841; Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale;

Author: Les Contemplations; La Légende des siècles; Les Orientales, 1829; Les Feuilles d'automne, 1831; Les Chants du crépuscule, 1835; Les Voix intérieures, 1837; and Les Rayons et les ombres, 1840 ; Odes et poésies diverses, 1822; Odes et Ballades, 1826, all poetry; Les Misérables, 1862; Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831 AKA The Hunchback of Notre-Dame; Han d'Islande, 1823; Bug-Jargal, 1826; Le Dernier jour d'un condamné (The Last Day of a Condemned Man); Claude Gueux, 1834; Les Travailleurs de la Mer (Toilers of the Sea),1866; L'Homme Qui Rit (The Man Who Laughs), 1869; Quatre-vingt-treize (Ninety-Three), 1974; Napoléon le Petit ; Histoire d'un crime;


Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victor_Hugo ; read him here - http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/h#a85 ; http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/pageviews/2013/08/ayatollah-ali-khamenei-loves-victor-hugo ; listen to the original French or English translation here - http://librivox.org/author/706 ; http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/26/opinion/international/why-so-few-women-in-the-pantheon.html?hp&_r=0 ;