William Blake

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William Blake

England 1757 – 1827

Comments: mystic poet; painter; printmaker; Dissenters, belonged to the Moravian Church; recognized as a saint in the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica of the OTO; his Enochian engravings were done 1796; William Blake's print of Isaac Newton hold's a Compass, with which to measure both the spheres and the spiritual world;

Teachers: Emanuel Swedenborg; Thomas Taylor, taught him Geometry; Jakob Bohme; Ben Jonson ; Edmund Spenser; engraver James Basire; Geoffrey Chaucer; John Milton; Rabbi Johann Friedrich Falk, The Baal Shem of London; Jan Hus (aka John Huss) of the Morovians aka the "Bohemian Brethren" (Čeští bratři) or Unity of the Brethren (Jednota bratrská); Bishop John Amos Comenius; Paracelsus; Goethe ; father Thomas Armitage; mother Catherine; Count Nicholaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf; Pastor Philip Jakob Spener (1635-1705) of Pietism; Jean Albert Adelgreiff; Paul Felgenhauer, alchemist; Paul Nagel ; Elias Eller (1690-1750); Anna von Büchel; Elias Eller Baron Justinian Ernst von Weltz, (1621-1668) ; Nicolas-Pierre-Henri de Montfaucon de Villars, author of Count of Gabalis, 1670 ; Michael Psellos , author of Peri energeias daimonon; Antoinette Bourignon de la Porte of Quietism; Quirinus Kuhlmann (1651-1680) ; Simon Morin (1623-1663); Jeanne-Marie Bouvier de La Motte-Guyon, aka Madame Guyon, (@1648 – 1717) of Quietism; James Basire, engraver; John Cennick; Hermann Hugo, author of Pia Desideria; Hohan Valentin Haidt, The Painting Preacher, (1700 - 1780); George Michael Moser (1704-1783, Blake's art teacher; E. C. Hochmann; Eva Hochenau ; Samuel Konig; Johann Heinrich Horche (1652-1729); Dr. Jojann Damuel Carl; Thomas Bromley; Johann Jacob Zimmermann aka Dr. Johann Georg Ritter von Zimmermann (1644-1693); his student Johannes Kelpius; Henry John aka Heinrich Johann Deichmann; Dr. John Bonniot du Mainaduc; Henry Fuseli, (1741–1825); Polish Count Tadeusz Grabianka aka Comte Ostap, Comte Anglais aka Thaddeus Grabianki , (1740 - 1807), of the Association of the Illuminati Awiniońskich, in London 1785; Johannes Josephus Zaufallij aka Johann Zoffany; Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto AKA The RaMCHaL; Cagliostro, the Cophta of the Egyptian Rite; Rev. Martin Madan, author of Thelyphora, 1780; Johann Caspar Lavater, author of Aphorisms of Man, 1788; Dr. Benedict Chastanier, of the Masonic Illumines Theosophes Lodge of London; Dr. Fabian Wilhelm Ekenstam aka "the Swedish von Baader", 1814; Pierre Sonnerat, author of Voyage aux Indes orientales et à la Chine, fait depuis 1774 jusqu'à 1781 (1782); John Macgregor of Avignon; Dr. Sigismond Bacstrom, neighbor, of the Societas Roseau Cruis; Hans Sebald Beham aka Sebald Beham, engraver of The Seven Liberal Arts, 1539; Albrecht Dürer; Hans Holbein the Younger; Hans Baldung Grien, engraver;Hans Schäufelein; Hieronymus Cock of Antwerp, publisher of The Four Winds; Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin; Ebenezer Sibly; Solomon Bennett, engraver 1761-1831; Prince Charles of Hesse-Cassel; Lorenz Werskoss, alchemist;

Students: William Rossetti ; Alexander Gilchrist; Anthony Blunt; Vaughan Williams; Frederick Tatham; Patti Smith, Rock n Roll poet; Algernon Charles Swinburne; Magnus Ankarsjö; Kathleen Raine; Chuck Furnace; Jim Morrison of the Doors; Aldous Huxley; Henry Crabb Robinson (1775–1867); Edwin John Ellis; W.B. Yeats ; William Muir (1845-1936); Thomas Wright; Margaret Lowery; Eva Margaretha von Buttlar aka Mother Eve aka the Sophia of Böhme ,(1670 - 1721) of the Buttlarsche Rotte aka the Buttlarian gang and the "Christliche und Philadelpische Sozietät" (aka Christian and Philadelphical Society); Justus Gottfried Winter, Her "Jehovah"; Dr. Johann Georg Appenfeller, her "Son"; Johann-Willem Petersen (1649-1727); Madeleine Elrich,; Christine-Régina Bader ; Adélaïde Schwartz ; Anne-Marguerite Jahn, the ‘Pietist singer’; Anne-Eve Jacob aka ‘the sucker of blood'; Jean-Guillaume Petersen; Eleonore von Merlau, his wife; Guillaume Postel  ; Rosemonde-Julienne von Asseburg of the troupe of Pietist Sibyls ballet dancers; ; Johann Georg Gichtel, ‘the spiritual husband of the Virgin Sophia’ 1669; Serge Hutin; Jacques Cazotte , author of The Amorous Devil (1772); Charles Fourier ; John Humphrey Noyes; Ernst Christoph Hochmann von Hochenau (1670-1721); Gottfried Arnold; Quirinus Kuhlmann; Peter Poiret (1646-1719); Father Miguel de Molinos (1628-1696) , author of A Spiritual Guide Intended to Led the Soul to Perfect Contemplation and the Rich Treasury of the Peace of the Heart; Robert Marcus Owen and the Owenites; Abram Combe; George Rapp; Josiah Warren; Léonone Labilliére of La Maison des Poetes; Miss Esther Hersey ; Charles Tuller Garland of the April Farm Love Colony, @ 1925; Mario Praz; Allan Cunningham; Allen Ginsberg, poet; Ed Sanders of The Fugs; E. P. Thompson; Nelson Hilton; Geoffrey Keynes; Raymond Lister; Gerald E. Bentley; Craig Atwood; Harold Bloom of Yale; Vaughan Williams ; John Tavener; Joni Mitchell; Tangerine Dream; Hubert Parry, who set Jerusalem to music; Edgar Degas, artist; Philip Pullman; Samuel Palmer, George Richmond , Edward Calvert, Michael Phillips, Colin Harrison of the Asmolean Museum; George Mills Harper, 1961; John Mitchell, author of View over Atlantis, 1969; Ithell Colquhoun; - Iolo Morganwg aka Edward Williams of the Bardic Order of Primrose Hill & the Gorsedd, 1747 – 1826; Mary Pratt aka Mary Moule; Joanna Southcott of Devon & her "Messiah Child" Shiloh, @ 1801; Lee Morgan, 2016;

Friends: John Flaxman, 1755 – 1826, and wife Nancy Flaxman, who like the Loutherbourgs (Philip James de Loutherbourg and wife Lucy) thought themselves Nicolas Flamel and Perenelle reincarnated, and combined Alchemy, Sex magick and Swedenborg in their practices ; Major Edward Moore aka Edward Moor, author of The Hindu Pantheon, 1810;; Thomas Stothard ; George Cumberland; Catherine Boucher aka "Mrs. Nannicantipot", wife; radical publisher Joseph Johnson; Mary Wollstonecraft, feminist, not Frankenstein author, her mother; and her husband William Godwin, Mary Shelly's father; John Linnell; Samuel Palmer; Edward Calvert; George Richmond; Frederick Tatham; William Hayley; John Thomas Smith, biological father; wife Catherine aka Kate, mother ; William Michael Rossetti; John Linnell; Henry Fuseli; Benjamin Heath Malkin; Chevalier d'Eon; Richard Cosway, painter (catalogue of the very curious, extensive, and valuable library of Richard Cosway, Esq. R.A. - consisting of a numerous collection of early works on divinity, history, poetry, fine arts, an unusual assemblage of treatises on magic, necromancy, apparitions, vampires, &c. &c. a variety of literature and about 50 lots of most excellent manuscript music - sold by auction, 1821?]); his wife Maria Cosway aka Maria Luisa Caterina Cecilia Hadfield aka Maria Hadfield Cosway, 1781 and President Thomas Jefferson’s lover in Paris, 1786 ; George Romney; ancestor of Mitt Romney; Charles Townley, 1737 – 1805, antiquities collector; Francis Barthelemon; John Augustsu Tulk; Major Edward Moore; Joseph Johnson, bookseller; George Cumberland, author of The Captive of the Castle of Sennaar - an African Tale, 1798; James Montgomery, poet, author of The Wanderer of Switzerland, 1806; Christian Ignatius La Trobe; Benjamin Henry La Trobe; John Spilsbury aka Jonathan Spilsbury ; Anders Johansen; John Varley, 1778 – 1842, author of A Treatise on Zodiacal Physiognomy, 1828 & Visionary Heads, which Blake illustrated; Iolo Morganwg aka Edward Williams, 1747-1826, Welsh Druid; Allexander Tilloch; Dr. Charles Deslon; Henry Tresham; William Belcher; Count Grabianka; George Baldwin and wife Jane; George Adams; Dr. John Birch; Casare Avena de Valdieri; Thomas Hope; Dr. Isaac Benamore; William Benchey;

Enemies: organized religion; Robespierre; John Schofield; Thomas Stothard; Robert Cromek; Sir Joshua Reynolds; William Wordsworth; Polly Wood, rejected his proposal; Rev. William Hurd; Henry Rimius, author of "A Candid Narrative of the Rise and Progress of the Herrnhuters, Commonly Call'D Moravians"; disapproved of Isaac Newton's "Newtonspeak"; Dr. John Bell; The Puysegur Brothers, hypnotists; John Xeres;

Organizations: Swedenborgian Society; 19th-century "free love" movement; may have belonged to the Congregation of the Lamb, the Inner Order of the Moravian Church, on Fetters Lane in England; As he was only 6 when Christel Zinzendorf dies, he was unlikely to have been initiated into the Order of Little Fools; Swedenborg Society, 1780s;

Author: poetry,Poetical Sketches, 1783; Visions of the Daughters of Albion, 1793; Songs of Innocence and Experience; The Book of Thel; The Marriage of Heaven and Hell; Jerusalem; illustrations of the Book of Job; Milton: a Poem ; VALA aka The Four ZOAS- the torments of love & jealousy in the death and judgment of the Ancient Man; The Book of Thel, 1789; Tiriel, unfinished, 1788?; All Religions are One, 1788;

Quotes: “To see a World in a Grain of Sand And a Heaven in a Wild Flower, Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand And Eternity in an hour.”

“If the doors of perception were cleansed every thing would appear to man as it is, Infinite. For man has closed himself up, till he sees all things thro' narrow chinks of his cavern.”

O Swedenborg! strongest of men, the Samson shorn by the Churches: Shewing the Transgressors in Hell, the proud Warriors in Heaven, Heaven as a Punisher, & Hell as One under Punishment:

Bring me my Bow of burning gold; (the straightening phallus as desire grows) Bring me my Arrows of desire: (sperm impregnated with Spiritual Life) Bring me my Spear: O clouds unfold! (the phallus erect, the Sky opens to accept it) Bring me my Chariot of fire! (the Visions of the Merkhabah Chariot of God, transports us to the Spiritual realm)

“Desire of gain deadens the genius of Man”; “We are led to believe a lie, when we see WITH rather than THROUGH the eye”;

Comparing Blake's visions of Satan and Hell to Dante's Satan with John Milton's Lucifer, the Swinburnian verses Catholic Devil to the Protestant, will be developed in a separate essay, along with the initiated version of the Old Testament story of Job, the Wicca theories of Margaret Murray; The transition from Horned God to Evil Power to Nature Freed; The influence on "Bad Boys" of the 17 and 18 th centuries (looking at you, Uncle AL AKA Aleister Crowley); Modern interpretations such as the Ann Randian Selfishness of Anton LaVey to dangerous Cthulhuoid invocations culled from the fiction of H. P. Lovecraft.

Resources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Blake; read him here http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/b#a295 ;or here http://darkbooks.org/collection/William-Blake.html ; but must read out loud to appreciate, or listen here - http://librivox.org/author/590 ; Why Mrs. Blake Cried - William Blake and the Sexual Basis of Spiritual Vision, by Marsha Keith Schuchard, 2006 ; http://www.notbored.org/resistance-47.html ; http://discoveryutopias.wikispaces.com/Failed+British+Utopias?f=print; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/And_did_those_feet_in_ancient_time ; http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mario-livio/on-william-blakes-newton_b_6036258.html?utm_hp_ref=science ; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newton_(Blake)#mediaviewer/File:Newton-WilliamBlake.jpg ; http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2014/nov/21/the-10-best-works-by-william-blake ; http://www.theguardian.com/childrens-books-site/2013/dec/10/marcus-julian-sedgwick-top-ten-facts-william-blake ;http://www.artfixdaily.com/artwire/release/248-ashmolean-to-recreate-william-blake’s-studio-in-winter-exhibition- ; http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/nov/28/philip-pullman-william-blake-and-me; http://www.theguardian.com/culture/2014/dec/03/strange-marvellous-william-blake-studio-recreated-ashmolean-oxford ; http://bq.blakearchive.org/26.2.schuchard ;